The cold war


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The cold war

  1. 1. State Standards 9.1, 9.3, 9.5, 9.6, and 9.9
  2. 2. Yalta Conference Meeting at end of WWII  Big Three  Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill  Discuss Germany’s defeat and occupation  US begins to worry about Communist Russia Start of the Cold War
  3. 3. Cold War US vs. the Soviet Union  1945-1991  “Cold”  No direct warfare between US and Soviet Union  Funded and supported conflicts between other countries  Democracy vs. Communism  The US and Soviet Union were polar opposites!
  4. 4. Cold War. End of World War II  Most European countries in ruin  Russian Communists look to expand in these countries  US looks to stop expansion
  5. 5. Sides Develop NATO  Created in response to fear that the Soviet Union would attack  12 members join  US, France, Britain, Warsaw Pact  Created in response to NATO  Agreement among Communist countries
  6. 6. Promoting Democracy Most EASTERN European countries fall to the Soviet Union  Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania annexed by Soviet Union  Poland, Romania, Bulgaria Yugoslavia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Albania become Soviet satellites  US fears further Soviet expansion and must stop it
  7. 7. Promoting Democracy. Iron Curtain  Churchill warns that an iron curtain has extended across the continent  Symbolic of the political division between Western and Eastern Europe  Was referring to the spread of Communism
  8. 8. Promoting Democracy.. Truman Doctrine  Policy of CONTAINMENT  Contain Communism and not let it spread any farther  Provide anything they need to countries who are threatened by Communism
  9. 9. Promoting Democracy… Mar$hall Plan  Plan to provide fund$ to We$tern European countrie$  The$e fund$ were to be u$ed to buy $upplie$ to rebuild their economie$  Throw money at Communi$m to $top it$ $pread  Allowed We$tern Europe to rebuild it$elf and helped $top the $pread of Communi$m
  10. 10. Arms Race Atomic Weapons  Atomic Bomb leads to a struggle between the two world superpowers  Arms Race  Who can build the most atomic bombs  MAD  Mutually Assured Destruction
  11. 11. Brinkmanship US uses threat of Nuclear war to try and stop the spread of Communism  Being on the brink of war was very frightening for most people  Led to drills in schools for duck and cover to avoid nuclear attacks
  12. 12. McCarthyism Hunting down suspected Communist in America Joseph McCarthy  Leader of the Crusade House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)  Accused individuals of being a Communist  Politicians and Movie Stars  Many Blacklisted
  13. 13. Post WWII Germany Post World War II  Germany divided into four zones by the Allies  Each of the Allies controls one zone  Britain, France, US, Russia  Berlin  Was in the Soviet Union’s zone and was divided also into four sections
  14. 14. Post WWII Germany. Berlin Blockade and Airlift  Blockade  Isolation of an area, often by force  France, US, and Britain join their zones together  Soviet Union views this as a threat  Blockades all roads into Berlin
  15. 15. Post WWII Germany.. Response  US and Britain supply Berlin with food and other supplies by air  Showed the Soviet Union that the US would not give up on Berlin  US wins this episode of the Cold War
  16. 16. Post WWII Germany… Berlin Wall  People were fleeing Communist controlled East Germany  To stop people leaving the Communist build a wall to divide Berlin  Berlin Wall  Physical barrier that isolated West Berlin from the rest of Germany  Came to symbolize the restraints of Communism
  17. 17. Berlin Wall 20th Anniversary
  18. 18. Korean War Mao Zedong  Leads a Communist take over in China Domino Theory  If one country becomes Communist then more countries will follow  Two Wars to stop the dominos 1. Korean War 2. Vietnam War
  19. 19. Korean War. Korea  Korea split into two along the 38th Parallel  Communist North and Democratic South  North invades South  US backs South Korea  Soviet Union and China back North Korea
  20. 20. Korean War.. Mobile Warfare  Douglas MacArthur leads the US  Pushes the Communist all back to China  Wants to use the atomic bomb against China  Would cause full scale Nuclear War  Relieved of his command by President Truman
  21. 21. Korean War… Trench Warfare  China pushes the US back to the 38th Parallel  Ends in a stalemate with neither side gaining territory  Peace treaty was never signed to end the war
  22. 22. Cuba Fidel Castro  Overthrows the government of Cuba in 1959  Castro turns to Communism in Cuba  First Soviet backed country close to America  Scares America!
  23. 23. Bay of Pigs Invasion  US sponsors an invasion of Cuba by Cubans  Failed and was an embarrassment for President John F. Kennedy  Ticks Castro off!
  24. 24. Cuban Missile Crisis Soviets try to install missiles on Cuba  Missiles in Cuba could reach the US quicker US responds with a naval blockade of Cuba  Soviets back down and don’t bring missiles to Cuba  Closest the Cold War came to actual conflict