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Civil rights era


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Civil rights era

  1. 1. State Standards 9.7, 9.8, and 9.10
  2. 2. Civil Rights Movement Goal  End Segregation in the South by staging various protests Three Leaders 1. Martin Luther King Jr 2. Malcom X 3. Stokely Carmichael
  3. 3.  Malcom X  Martin Luther King JR  Pushed to end  Pushed to end segregation segregation  Father killed by white  Father was a Baptist supremacist preacher  Taught black supremacy  Taught passive  Violence resistance  Later he changes his  Nonviolence mind and supports MLK  Followed Ghandi’s teachings  Assassinated 1965  Assassinated 1968
  4. 4. Stokely Carmichael Coined the phrase “Black Power” Leader of the Black Panther Party  Viewed the draft for Vietnam as racist
  5. 5. School Desegregates Plessy v. Ferguson  Court Case  Established the principle of “separate but equal”
  6. 6. School Desegregates. 1st Victory for Movement  Brown v. Board of Education  Supreme Court rules to end segregation in schools Albert Gore Sr.  Tennessee Senator who was for desegregation 2 Famous Schools 1. Clinton, Tennessee 2. Little Rock, Arkansas
  7. 7. School Desegregates.. Clinton, Tennessee  1956  Clinton 12  12 African Americans enroll in all-white school  John Casper  White supremacist  Leads Protestors  Beating of Clinton 12 bodyguard and school bombings
  8. 8. School Desegregates... Little Rock, Arkansas  Little Rock 9  9 African Americans who attend the High School  National Guard sent to force desegregation  Escorted students from class to class
  9. 9. Fighting Segregation Diane Nash  Organizes lunch counter sit-ins in Nashville Rosa Parks  Arrested for refusing to move to the back of the bus  Leads to bus boycott  Boycott leads to desegregation of the bus system
  10. 10. Fighting Segregation. Birmingham Alabama  Location of most violence in the Civil Rights movement  MLK stages a campaign for desegregation here  Sit ins, kneel ins, and boycotts  Fill the jails through passive resistance George Wallace  Governor of Alabama who opposed desegregation
  11. 11. Fighting Segregation.. Eugene “Bull” Connor  Birmingham Commissioner of Public Safety  Ordered fire hoses and attack dogs to be used to stop MLK Americans change their minds Results in Birmingham being desegregated
  12. 12. March on Washington “I have a dream”  Famous speech calling for equality Leads to Two Political Acts 1. Civil Rights Act of 1964  Ends legal discrimination based on race 2. Voting Rights Act of 1965  Allowed African Americans to vote Strom Thurman  Racist Senator who tried to stop the Civil Rights Act (Filibuster)
  13. 13. Landmark Cases Gideon vs. Wainwright (1963)  Gideon arrested for robbing a poolroom  Can’t afford attorney, asks for one  Request denied  Establishes your right to an attorney
  14. 14. Landmark Cases. Miranda vs. Arizona (1963)  Miranda commits a violent crime  Never informed of right to refuse to answer questions and the right to an attorney  Miranda Warning, “You have the right to remain silent…”
  15. 15. Kennedy Assassination John F. Kennedy  November 22, 1963, Dallas, Texas  Kennedy shot in his car while he rides through the streets  Lee Harvey Oswald accused of assassination  Shot two days later by Jack Ruby  Huge conspiracy  Grassy Knoll  Bay of Pigs  Mob
  16. 16. The Family Guy Version of Lee Harvey Oswald’s Death
  17. 17. Great Society Lyndon B Johnson  President after Kennedy  The Great Society  Helping below the poverty line 1. Head Start  Free preschool 2. Medicaid  Medical care for people 3. Medicare  Medical care for old people
  18. 18. Continued Upheaval April 4, 1968  Lorraine Motel  MLK Shot in Memphis  By James Earl Ray  King is buried in Atlanta, Georgia
  19. 19. Women’s Movement Inspired by the Civil Rights movement Two Waves of Feminism 1. First wave of “feminism”  Process of women achieving the right to vote 2. Second wave of “feminism”  Gaining equality for women
  20. 20. Women’s Movement. Betty Friedan  The Feminine Mystique  More to life than marriage and children National Organization for Women (NOW)  End the discrimination of women in the workplace Gloria Steinem  Founder of Ms. Magazine  Key voice of women’s rights
  21. 21. Women’s Movement.. Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)  Prohibit legal discrimination based on gender  Passed the Senate but was not ratified by enough states  To this day there is no federal ERA  Some states have passed their own  Tennessee does not have one