WHY INTERVIEW Collect samples Learner language for analysis Get info about learner’s learning history Find out views and attitudes It doesn’t suffer from the same problems of low return rates that plague survey research. Unlike written questionnaires, interviews can be used with non-literate respondents
TYPES OF INTERVIEW STRUCTERED INTERVIEW SEMİ-STRUCTURED UNSTRUCTURED ETHNOGRAPHİC INTERVIEW FOCUS GROUP INTERVIEW The common point of all is that they are conducted face to face and electronically, e.g. via e-mail, telephone, and even a chat room. The data must be recorded – either in writing, electronically, or both.
STRUCTERED INTERVIEW It is like a questionnaire administered orally rather than in writing It follows a pre-set list of questions The researcher works with one person at a time Researcher is careful about eliciting answers to the same question. The advantage of structured
SEMI-STRUCTERED INTERVIEW Researcher may have pre-set of questions and have a general idea at the same time. The questions may be a springboard for issues and topics. İt is more flexible and less rigid compared to the structured one.
UNSTRUCTURED INTERVIEW Itdevelops according to agenda of interviewee rather than the agenda of the interviewer. There are unexpected directions.
ETNOGRAPHIC INTERVIEW ETHNOGRAPHY is the study, the analysis and the detailed description of people’s behavior in naturally occurring settings with a cultural interpretation. Ethnographic interview is a “series of friendly conversations” it occurs in a longitudinal ongoing relationships. It is characterized by: 1. a specific request to hold the interview (resulting from the research question. 2. the explanation is given in everyday language in which the informant tells what he is seeking and why 3. specific question types that elicit information about how the participants construct meaning and organize their society.
FOCUS GROUP INTERVIEW It involves several informants and a moderator. It is a data collection on a topic determined by the researcher. Getting a group of students to view a video and eliciting reactions would be an example of focus group interview. Rather than letting informants take the interview, the researcher guides and focuses the discussion The advantage is that the informants can stimulate (spark) each other, so the researcher elicits richer data.
FOR AN EFFECTIVE INTERVIEW Be sympathetic, interested and attentive, not a conservative one. Be neutral to the subject matter, Do not express your own opinion. Be careful not to betray feelings of surprise and dissaproval at what the child knows. Do not be hesitant and hurried Ensure that “you are valuable”
REFERENCES Nunan, D. & Bailey, K.M. Exploring Second language Classroom Research Hopkins, D. (2002), A Teacher’s Guide to Classroom Research. http://www.google.com.tr/imgres?q=interview&um=1&hl=tr&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=6 87&tbm=isch&tbnid=embNblkbUPy_7M:&imgrefurl=http://www.caitlinhanzlick.com/l esson_interview.html&docid=_3jITYAy81dFUM&imgurl=http://www.caitlinhanzlick.c om/image_interview.jpg&w=720&h=700&ei=8zXKToypK8bh4QSWvY1E&zoom=1 http://www.google.com.tr/imgres?q=interview&um=1&hl=tr&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=6 87&tbm=isch&tbnid=fpQsvzj5T5skSM:&imgrefurl=http://www.jobcontax.com/intervi ew- tips/&docid=tIlMT4kVw0CzkM&imgurl=http://www.jobcontax.com/uploads/pics/inerv iew.gif&w=480&h=480&ei=8zXKToypK8bh4QSWvY1E&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=287&si g=109175935038225587798&page=8&tbnh=147&tbnw=147&start=114&ndsp=15&ved =1t:429,r:8,s:114&tx=69&ty=83 http://www.google.com.tr/imgres?q=interview&um=1&hl=tr&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=6 87&tbm=isch&tbnid=hJP2IDr6nwLWSM:&imgrefurl=http://www.shutterstock.com/pic -3396872/stock-vector-exciting-job-interview-vector- illustration.html&docid=yZOVit0sLPiszM&imgurl=http://image.shutterstock.com/dis play_pic_with_logo/97017/97017,1180384141,1/stock-vector-exciting-job-interview- vector-illustration- 3396872.jpg&w=446&h=470&ei=8zXKToypK8bh4QSWvY1E&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=2 81&sig=109175935038225587798&page=9&tbnh=145&tbnw=135&start=129&ndsp=18 &ved=1t:429,r:13,s:129&tx=82&ty=38