Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint

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Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint

  1. 1. Phrases and Clauses Review ENG 090
  2. 2. Phrases & Clauses: Purpose <ul><li>Phrases and clauses are the building blocks of sentences. They need to be put together correctly to create strong, complete sentences. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two Types of Phrases and Clauses <ul><li>Those that can “stand alone”. These can be a sentence by themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Clauses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Those that cannot “stand alone”. They need to be connected to other phrases/clauses to be a complete sentence . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependent Clauses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phrases </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. General Definition of Clause <ul><li>A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May also contain a complement (piece that further explains subject or verb--ie. adjective phrase or adverb phrase) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Independent Clause <ul><li>An independent clause can “stand by itself”. It has all of the elements of a complete sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject (what sentence is about--noun or pronoun) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb (what subject does, did, or will do) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete thought (makes sense) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Examples of Independent Clauses <ul><li>I (subject) shall haunt (future tense verb) you till your dying day . (complete thought) </li></ul><ul><li>She (subject) had lost (past tense verb) her castanets . (complete thought) </li></ul><ul><li>I (subject) am (present tense verb). (complete thought. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dependent Clause <ul><li>A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb, but is not a complete thought . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is DEPENDENT on another clause to help it make sense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot be a sentence by itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be connected to another sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also known as SUBORDINATE CLAUSE </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dependent Clause <ul><li>A dependent clause always begins with a dependent word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word that makes this clause DEPEND on another one to make sense. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, if only, rather than, since, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whereas, wherever, whether, which, and while </li></ul>
  9. 9. Phrases <ul><li>A group of words that does not contain a subject or a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be a complete sentence by itself. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Phrases and Clauses in a Nutshell <ul><li>Dependent clauses and phrases are MISSING essential pieces. They CANNOT be complete sentences . </li></ul><ul><li>Independent clauses have ALL they need to be COMPLETE sentences . </li></ul>

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