Paraphrasing

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Paraphrasing

  1. 1. Paraphrasing Slides by Laura Gardner
  2. 2. Why Paraphrase? <ul><li>Quotes should be used rarely </li></ul><ul><li>Then your paper will sound like you! </li></ul><ul><li>It proves a level of understanding </li></ul>
  3. 3. What does correct paraphrasing look like? <ul><li>Wording must change </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence structure must change </li></ul><ul><li>The only way you can accomplish this is by reading, understanding and restating in YOUR OWN WORDS. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>SOURCE: “If the existence of a signing type of ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists.” --Flora Davis, Eloquent Animals , p. 26 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Paraphrasing example <ul><li>SOURCE: “If the existence of a signing type of ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists.” --Flora Davis, Eloquent Animals , p. 26 </li></ul><ul><li>As we look at four examples of excerpts from the source, decide which two are acceptable and which two are still plagiarism ? </li></ul><ul><li>The existence of a signing ape unsettled linguists and startled animal behaviorists (Davis 26). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Paraphrasing example <ul><li>SOURCE: “If the existence of a signing type of ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists.” --Flora Davis, Eloquent Animals , p. 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Which two are acceptable? Which two are still plagiarism ? </li></ul><ul><li>2. When they learned of an ape’s ability to use sign language, both linguists and animal behaviorists were taken by surprise (Davis 26). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Paraphrasing example <ul><li>SOURCE: “If the existence of a signing type of ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists.” --Flora Davis, Eloquent Animals , p. 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Which two are acceptable? Which two are still plagiarism ? </li></ul><ul><li>3. According to Flora Davis, linguists and animal behaviorists were unprepared for the news that a chimp could communicate with its trainers through sign language (26). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Paraphrasing example <ul><li>SOURCE: “If the existence of a signing type of ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists.” --Flora Davis, Eloquent Animals , p. 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Which two are acceptable? Which two are still plagiarism ? </li></ul><ul><li>4. If the presence of a sign-language-using chimp was disturbing for scientists studying language, it was also surprising to scientists studying animal behavior (Davis 26). </li></ul>
  9. 9. NOTICE! <ul><li>All examples of paraphrasing still included CITATIONS. We must do this because the IDEA still came from somewhere else! </li></ul><ul><li>We’re giving credit where credit is due. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>SOURCE: “If the existence of a signing type of ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists.” --Flora Davis, Eloquent Animals , p. 26 </li></ul>How would I put my information on a notecard?
  11. 11. My sample notecard <ul><li>Give it a heading: </li></ul><ul><li>Author/Source Name P. 26 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Steps to Paraphrasing <ul><li>Reread the information until you understand it completely </li></ul><ul><li>Turn the source upside down or push it away </li></ul><ul><li>Write the information on your card IN YOUR OWN WORDS and NOT IN A SENTENCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Check your notecard with the source to make sure you’ve changed the wording and the structure </li></ul><ul><li>YOU STILL NEED TO CITE! </li></ul><ul><li>(idea came from somewhere else) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Final note… <ul><li>You do NOT need to cite facts that are common knowledge such as where the person was born, their date of birth, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Your note cards should instead include information that contains little-known facts or original ideas. </li></ul>

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