What is the Digital Divide?<br />The Digital Divide refers to the Growing contrast between “information haves”, or internet users who can afford to acquire multiple media services, and “information have-nots”, or people who may not be able to afford a computer or the monthly bills for internet service connections, much less the many options available.<br />
The Divide in the US<br />Who Has Access?<br /><ul><li>75% of US Households are Connected to the Internet.
86% ages 18-28 </li></li></ul><li>What Factors affect the spread of the Internet Globally?<br />Political, Economic, and Technological Factors.<br />Democratic governments, more sensitive to economic failure, are more likely to favor technological development because they promote economic growth.<br />Because autocratic governments are less sensitive to economic fluctuation, they are less inclined to promote economic growth or even to view it as a threat. <br />
Education and Income<br />Education and Income have been shown to have a direct effect on internet access.<br /><ul><li>Low-income people have a lower opportunity cost of leisure time.
Low-income individuals are more likely than others to use the internet for: chat, online games, and health information.
Higher income individuals are more likely to use the internet for e-commerce.</li></li></ul><li>Digital Divide in the Classroom<br />74% of college level writing instructors do not use social networking sites such as Facebook.<br />Most students are more technologically adept than their instructors.<br />Technology literacy instruction is neglected in compulsory education, the current focus in the classroom is on research.<br />Technological literacy instruction teaches students understand the cultural impact of reading, writing, and communicating with computers.<br />
Closing the Digital Divide in the US<br />Solutions<br /><ul><li>Internet access in public libraries.
Wi-Fi connections in cafes, hotels, airports, and parks.
Public Wi-Fi offered by local government as seen in US cities such as Dayton, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Washington D.C. </li></ul>Obama Administration Policy<br /><ul><li>Promotes Net Nuetrality
Next Generation Broadband : </li></ul>Public-Private Partnership<br />
Third World Countries<br /><ul><li>Africa’s population accounts for 14. percent of the world population.
Only 2.6 percent of their population has internet access.
17.9 percent of the rest of the worlds population has internet access. </li></ul>Internet barriers in the Third World<br />Lack of Digital Experience<br />Lack of possession of computers<br /> and network connections <br />Lack of digital skills<br />Lack of meaningful usage opportunities<br />
Closing the Digital Divide Globally <br />Mid-level countries that are advancing technologically are the best settings for spreading internet access.<br />Countries like India, China, Thailand, Costa Rica and Estonia, have show the most innovation in closing the gap.<br />
Sources<br />The digital divide: The role of political institutions in technology diffusion<br />psu.edu [PDF]HV Milner - Comparative Political Studies, 2006 - cps.sagepub.com<br />Internet adoption and usage patterns are different: Implications ...<br />by A Goldfarb - 2008 - Cited by 27 - Related articles<br />Africa and the digital divide<br />sbg.ac.at [PDF]C Fuchs, E Horak - Telematics and Informatics, 2008 - Elsevier <br />Digital Divide 2.0<br />elsevier.com [PDF]S Vie - Computers and Composition, 2008 - Elsevier <br />Digital Divide.0rg<br />http://digitaldivide.org/truths.html<br />Media and Culture: An introduction to mass communication (p 64-66)<br />BarackObama’s Agenda for E-governance<br />http://wwwhttp://www.bloggernews.net/118625<br />