The digital divide


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The digital divide

  1. 1. The Digital Divide<br />
  2. 2. What is the Digital Divide?<br />The Digital Divide refers to the Growing contrast between “information haves”, or internet users who can afford to acquire multiple media services, and “information have-nots”, or people who may not be able to afford a computer or the monthly bills for internet service connections, much less the many options available.<br />
  3. 3. The Divide in the US<br />Who Has Access?<br /><ul><li>75% of US Households are Connected to the Internet.
  4. 4. 34% ages 65+
  5. 5. 72% ages 51-59
  6. 6. 78% ages 29-40
  7. 7. 86% ages 18-28 </li></li></ul><li>What Factors affect the spread of the Internet Globally?<br />Political, Economic, and Technological Factors.<br />Democratic governments, more sensitive to economic failure, are more likely to favor technological development because they promote economic growth.<br />Because autocratic governments are less sensitive to economic fluctuation, they are less inclined to promote economic growth or even to view it as a threat. <br />
  8. 8. Education and Income<br />Education and Income have been shown to have a direct effect on internet access.<br /><ul><li>Low-income people have a lower opportunity cost of leisure time.
  9. 9. Low-income individuals are more likely than others to use the internet for: chat, online games, and health information.
  10. 10. Higher income individuals are more likely to use the internet for e-commerce.</li></li></ul><li>Digital Divide in the Classroom<br />74% of college level writing instructors do not use social networking sites such as Facebook.<br />Most students are more technologically adept than their instructors.<br />Technology literacy instruction is neglected in compulsory education, the current focus in the classroom is on research.<br />Technological literacy instruction teaches students understand the cultural impact of reading, writing, and communicating with computers.<br />
  11. 11. Closing the Digital Divide in the US<br />Solutions<br /><ul><li>Internet access in public libraries.
  12. 12. Wi-Fi connections in cafes, hotels, airports, and parks.
  13. 13. Public Wi-Fi offered by local government as seen in US cities such as Dayton, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Washington D.C. </li></ul>Obama Administration Policy<br /><ul><li>Promotes Net Nuetrality
  14. 14. Public Media 2.0
  15. 15. Next Generation Broadband : </li></ul>Public-Private Partnership<br />
  16. 16. Third World Countries<br /><ul><li>Africa’s population accounts for 14. percent of the world population.
  17. 17. Only 2.6 percent of their population has internet access.
  18. 18. 17.9 percent of the rest of the worlds population has internet access. </li></ul>Internet barriers in the Third World<br />Lack of Digital Experience<br />Lack of possession of computers<br /> and network connections <br />Lack of digital skills<br />Lack of meaningful usage opportunities<br />
  19. 19. Closing the Digital Divide Globally <br />Mid-level countries that are advancing technologically are the best settings for spreading internet access.<br />Countries like India, China, Thailand, Costa Rica and Estonia, have show the most innovation in closing the gap.<br />
  20. 20. Sources<br />The digital divide: The role of political institutions in technology diffusion<br /> [PDF]HV Milner - Comparative Political Studies, 2006 -<br />Internet adoption and usage patterns are different: Implications ...<br />by A Goldfarb - 2008 - Cited by 27 - Related articles<br />Africa and the digital divide<br /> [PDF]C Fuchs, E Horak - Telematics and Informatics, 2008 - Elsevier <br />Digital Divide 2.0<br /> [PDF]S Vie - Computers and Composition, 2008 - Elsevier <br />Digital Divide.0rg<br /><br />Media and Culture: An introduction to mass communication (p 64-66)<br />BarackObama’s Agenda for E-governance<br />http://www<br />