I’m here to talk to you about your employees health and the impact on your business. The Bureau of Labor estimates the overall annual cost impact of poor health on the workplace is 1.8 trillion dollars. In addition, according to a recent study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, three out of four Americans don’t get enough exercise. You can help change that, and in the process, help your business save money. This presentation pulls together research and real life strategies. You will learn about the health risks and financial loss associated with employee inactivity and you’ll discover how promoting active living, commuting and wellness programs at the workplace improves your employees’ health, productivity, morale and your bottom line.
The problem: “Workers face serious health concerns due to inactive and sedentary lifestyles.”
The solution: “Promote active transportation and wellness programs in the workplace to benefit employee health, the environment and your company’s bottom line.”
Let’s take a look at “Health and the Inactive Employee”
According to the Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization… (CLICK TO REVEAL) ”68 percent of adults age 20 or older are overweight or obese” (CLICK TO REVEAL) “40 percent of the population is sedentary” (CLICK TO REVEAL) “40 percent of the population has high blood pressure.”
When it comes to physical activity…. (CLICK TO REVEAL) only “5 percent of the adults engage in daily vigorous exercise” (CLICK TO REVEAL) only “15 percent of adults get moderate exercise for 30 plus minutes at least five days a week” (CLICK TO REVEL) Shrink that down to just three days a week for 20 or more minutes and 23 percent of adults exercise vigorously and (CLICK TO REVEAL) “40 percent of adults get absolutely no leisure-time exercise.” These trends have negative consequences on health – and on productivity.
Taking a look at recent obesity trends…. (CLICK TO REVEAL) In 1990, just more than 11 and a half percent of adults were technically obese. By 2008 that percentage jumped up more than 20 percent, to 34 percent. You can see the obesity statistics for children. It is worth noting that a generation ago 87% of our children walked or biked to school. Today only 33% of children walk or bike to school.
Many health problems come with a sedentary lifestyle. (CLICK TO REVEAL- Obesity, Diabetes, Heart Disease, Stroke, Metabolic Syndrome, Cancers) Many of the diseases affecting Americans today, such as these seen here are preventable.
One of the newer epidemics getting attention is called Sitting Disease and it is preventable with daily, routine exercise such as walking or riding a bike.
Sitting disease refers to the negative health issues associated with sitting too long and too much. According to a study published in the Medical Science Sports Exercise in 2009, sitting for long periods of time increases the risk of….. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Contracting diabetes… for every 2 hours of sitting per day, your risk increases by 7 percent. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Your risk of acquiring metabolic syndrome – which raises your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes - increases 26 percent for every hour a women spends sitting. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: According to doctors, when you sit for an extended period of time, your body starts to shut down at the metabolic level. When muscles are immobile, your circulation slows and you burn fewer calories. Sitting too much is also bad for your posture and spine health. It's no wonder that the incidence of chronic lower-back pain among women has increased threefold since the early 1990s.
According to a recent leisure time study: “Sitting for six hours per day compared to 3 increases death rates…. “ (CLICK TO REVEAL) In men by 18 percent… and in women death rates increase 37 percent. ADDITIONAL Of course, sitting is part of our work day and your employees will need to spend time sitting while doing their jobs. You can, however, encourage your workers to take the stairs, stretch, take short walks during breaks, walk down the hall to talk to a co-worker instead of using email and you could even consider using standing work stations.
When it comes to leading a poor or inactive lifestyle: - your risk of having a stroke increases 70 percent - for cancers, it increases 71 percent - when it comes to heart disease, the risk increases 82 percent - and a sedentary lifestyle increases the chance of contracting diabetes by 91 percent
Sitting too much, inactivity and no exercise has increased obesity in America so much that in July of 2009, the Health & Human Services Secretary said the cost of treating obesity-related illnesses added up to 147 billion dollars each year.
You’ve seen the health problems and risks associated with sedentary lifestyles. Now let’s take a look at the costs to you, the employer, when it comes to the inactive employee.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services… (CLICK TO REVEAL) “53 percent of all health care costs are generated by…” (CLICK TO REVEAL) just” 17 percent of employees with chronic conditions.”
Compared with active employees, inactive employees impact your business through (CLICK TO REVEAL) “Higher health care costs” (CLICK TO REVEAL) “Higher injury rates” (CLICK TO REVEAL) “More health insurance claims” (CLICK TO REVEAL) “More days missed due to illness” (CLICK TO REVEAL) “Less productivity” (CLICK TO REVEAL) and “Higher turnover rates”
When it comes to the medical costs, unhealthy policyholders have (CLICK TO REVEAL) 36 percent higher annual health care costs… (CLICK TO REVEAL) 39 percent higher costs for primary care visits… (CLICK TO REVEAL) 105 percent higher pharmacy costs… (CLICK TO REVEAL) and 143 percent higher inpatient hospital care.
Each year, inactive employees lead to… (CLICK TO REVEAL) $323 more in absenteeism costs (CLICK TO REVEAL) $622 more in direct medical costs (CLICK O REVEAL) and $4,927 more in health costs for chronic conditions.
Simply put, investing in employee health makes financial sense for all businesses.
Findings from a corporate wellness program in San Jose showed that healthy employees have… (CLICK TO REVEAL) 14% lower medical claims (CLICK TO REVEAL) 30% fewer days spent in the hospital (CLICK TO REVEAL) and 41 percent fewer medical claims greater than 5000 dollars. ADDITIONAL A variety of wellness programs are available from health care providers and investing in these programs can save businesses a substantial amount of money on insurance costs. The Wellness Council of America estimates the cost per employee to be between $100 and $150 per year for an effective wellness program that produces a return on investment of $300 to $450
In addition to saving money, regular physical activity is also shown to improve work performance and productivity by up to 52%. A study in Australia actually found the healthiest employees were nearly three times more productive while at work than the least healthy (MediBank, November 2005). ADDITIONAL Other research conducted by the University of Bristol found employees who enjoyed a workout before going to work - or exercised during lunch breaks - were better equipped to handle whatever the day threw at them and performed significantly better on these days. It was also found that people's general mood improved on days of exercise, and they had trouble staying calm on non-exercise days ( International Journal of Workplace Health Management , 2008).
Further research found that “using an employer-sponsored transit pass meets the physical activity recommendation” outlined by the federal government of 150 minutes of moderate activity a week. People who use transit get exercise walking to and from bus and train stops to their destinations. A study published in the Journal of Preventative Medicine (August 2010) showed that users of light rail transit are 81% less likely to become obese over time. Follow-up studies conducted over 12-18 months showed that light rail users had a relative weight loss of 6.45 pounds for a person who is 5’ feet 5 inches tall.
A 2002 US Department of Health and Human Services report showed that worksites with physical activity programs: (CLICK TO REVEAL) reduce health care costs by 20 to 55% (CLICK TO REVEAL) reduce short term sick leave by 6 to 32%.
The return on investment is real as healthy workers contribute to greater company savings. Studies show that for every dollar spent on health promotion, health care expenses (CLICK TO REVEAL) drop between 3 to 6 dollars. ADDITIONAL Quality Bicycle Products (QBP) in Bloomington, Minnesota, saved $200,000 per year in health care costs due to a successful bicycle commuter reward program among 100 employees. The business also benefitted with an annual savings of $301,136 in employee productivity (QBP Health and Wellbeing Case Study, League of American Bicyclists, 2011).
Now that you’ve seen how active and healthy employees do impact your business’s bottom line, one of the easiest and best ways employees can get and stay fit is through active commuting.
As you see here, “Active commuting that incorporates walking or biking is associated with an overall 11 percent reduction” in your risk of cardiovascular disease. So why spend one hour at the gym after a long day of work when you can get your exercise by bicycling, walking or taking transit to work? ADDITIONAL Active commuting is a great way live a healthier lifestyle, burn calories and save money. It costs three to four times more money to enroll a sedentary adult in a structured exercise program than to teach them how to integrate moderate-intensity physical activity into their life such as bicycling and walking for transportation (Sevick, 2000). A 2004 study conducted in Atlanta by Dr. Frank Lawrence showed that each kilometer (0.6 miles) walked per day was associated with a 4.8% reduction in the likelihood of obesity. Conversely, each additional hour spent in a car per day was associated with a 6% increase in the likelihood of obesity.
Studies have also found walking and biking among women is an excellent way to decrease the risk of developing breast cancer. ADDITIONAL Regular cyclists enjoy a fitness level equal too that of a person ten years younger and have a life expectancy of two years above the average (Tuxworth, Paffenbarger, 1986). A recent study shows that physical activity plays a role in weight control, even in those who are genetically predisposed to obesity (PLoS Medicine, 2011).
Biking can also improve men’s health. A study examining exercise and coronary heart disease in men found… (CLICK TO REVEAL) biking to and from work 20 miles per week can reduce coronary heart disease by as much as 50 percent. ADDITIONAL A 30+ mile round trip bicycle commute is also associated with better mental health in men (Journal of Occupational Health, 2007). The New Economics Foundation (2011) reports that cyclists find their mode of transportation at least as flexible and convenient as those who use cars, with lower stress and greater feelings of freedom, relaxation and excitement.
(CLICK TWICE!!!!!!! TO REVEAL) Even after adjustment for other risk factors, including leisure time physical activity, those who do not cycle to work experienced a 39% higher mortality rate than those who do. ADDITIONAL (bicycling safety) According to a study in the British Medical Association, the health benefits of cycling outweigh the risks by a factor of 20 to 1. In the U.S., cycling fatalities have dropped by 21% from 1998 to 2008, according to a study in Transportation Research (2010). When looking at bicycle safety in Portland, an OHSU study showed that during one year of commuting, one in five bicyclists will have a cycling-related injury, with the most common body regions injured were skin/soft tissue and upper and lower limbs.
For many people walking, biking and taking transit to work are easy options. Metro’s Household Travel Survey found 31% of trips to work are less than five miles long.
So how can you encourage your employees to take advantage of active commuting?
Learn from other businesses that promote wellness programs and encourage the use of active transportation. We talked with three businesses and here’s a look at what is working for them. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Cash incentives… Newsletters… Transit passes… Logging trips… Wellness programs… Bike facilities such as showers, lockers and parking… And finally, competitions. Let’s break those down…
O-H-S-U – Oregon Health and Science University - has a bike incentives program. To be eligible for program, OHSU employees must live a minimum of two miles away from the facility. Here’s how it works… (CLICK TO REVEAL) When someone racks up 30 bicycle trips, he or she gets a 50 dollar bonus in the next paycheck. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Those who use transit and bike as well, get a 35 dollar incentive once 30 bike trips are tallied. The transit pass is provided at a subsidized cost of $694. (CLICK TO REVEAL) To encourage those who bike but also drive, once they reach 30 trips, they will get a month’s parking refunded ADDITIONAL The bike incentive program is based on the honor system, which has worked out very well. O-H-S-U budgets approximately $150,000 per year to pay out incentives for bicycling. Approximately 600 staff members, students and faculty participate in the program, which is roughly 38% of the total campus population.
Let’s take a look… (CLICK TO MOVE) Physical and mental health ranked the most important factor… Exercise has proven to be a major stress reliever, one doctors recommend for those suffering depression as well.
And, that came in number one among 92 percent of those surveyed. Exercise has proven to be a major stress reliever, one doctors recommend for those suffering depression as well.
Here are the elements that are leading to success at O-H-S-U… (CLICK TO REVEAL) -The organization has an easy trip logging system that takes users less than one minute per day. -Commuting information, updates and traffic alerts are displayed on the log-in site. -TriMet passes are subsidized at 69% of cost. ADDITIONAL 1320 individuals received at least one incentive in 2011 and payouts totaled $171,000.
-O-H-S-U offers competitions for students and employees throughout the year such as walking and biking challenges. -Showers and gyms are plentiful across the campus and a program for a bike shop and valet is being piloted. -A Healthy Steps program is offered for people who prefer walking.
Organically Grown Company in Clackamas had developed a robust incentive program to encourage employees to use transportation options. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Employees who commute by bus, MAX or carpool receive 10 cents for each mile they commute to and from work. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Those who walk and bike to work receive 20 cents per mile. 46% of the workforce participates in the program and the total number of alternative commute trips increased by 16% in 2010.
Similar to O-H-S-U… (CLICK TO REVEAL) -O-G-C developed a user-friendly trip logging system. Financial incentives for using transportation options logged are automatically rolled into employees’ paychecks. Employees who log trips have an opportunity to win a $50 monthly prize. -O-G-C also has ample bike parking, lockers and showers, and is in the process of building a yoga room. -In addition, several health and wellness fairs are held throughout the year… -and a wellness program is offered through their health insurance provider.
-O-G-C offers a program in which the CEO pays employees $100 to stop smoking. -Competitions are held throughout the year to encourage active transportation. The company recently held a “walk to Mexico” pedometer challenge, summer fitness challenge, and Columbia Gorge bike ride. -Contests are also held to see who has the most “at home” exercise, which can also be logged into their computer system. -Commuting resources, updates and competition winners are announced in a company-wide e-newsletter.
The marketing representative at O-G-C claims that since the company adopted its “Smart Commute” and wellness programs… (CLICK TO REVEAL) there have been fewer workplace accidents, employees are more energetic and productive, and have fewer sick days. She also felt that insurance claims were rising slower than average.
O-C-G wants to walk the talk, so promoting sustainable and active transportation to employees fits perfectly into their marketing scheme.
At Stoel Rives, the incentive program for active commuting has been in place for four years. The program is modeled off of Earl Blumenauer’s commuter relief act. (CLICK TO REVEAL)The firm pays employees a $20 per month stipend to commute by running, walking, and bicycling to work. (CLICK TO REVEAL)Stoel Rives pays the full cost for TriMet passes for its employees. (CLICK TO REVEAL)To discourage driving alone, parking spaces are valued at a costly $185 per month. (CLICKTO REVEAL) Two fleet bikes were purchased so that employees can use them during the day to go to lunch or meetings. The bikes are “Amsterdam” style with chain guards and upright seating. Panniers and locks can be checked out for free.
Stoel Rives also encourages healthy living and active commuting through… (CLICK TO REVEAL) -Group bike rides are held each May and throughout the summer. -When the firm opened an office in Anchorage, Alaska, the company gave pedometers to employees and held a “Walk to Anchorage” competition. -Prizes were given out for an alternative commuting competition. The program, similar to the B-T-A’s Bike Commute Challenge but open to walking, carpooling and transit use, honored the employee who biked the most miles and the person who overcame the most difficult commute. -Healthy food is stocked in the vending machines. -A Fit Club, inspired by The Biggest Loser TV show, meets once every three months and has been very successful in helping employees maintain weight loss.
At the Portland office, the commuter program has… (CLICK TO REVEAL) Added up to 40 empty parking spots. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Stoel Rives works with clients who are in green businesses, so promoting sustainable transportation and employee health is a great marketing niche for them.
So let’s take a look at best practices for achieving active commuting success. (Could pass out the handout at this point)
Effective strategies to engage employees (CLICK TO REVEAL) Logging activity Establish a system where employees can log exercise or active commuting trips. This can be done through a company intranet site, the DriveLessConnect website or simply a paper calendar, all of which work great for tracking trips and offering incentives or rewards for those who increase their physical activity. Logging and tracking employees trips over time is an excellent way to encourage and reward participation in active commuting programs. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Goal setting Encourage people to write down their long-term and specific, short-term goals. For example, a short-term goal might be to walk Monday, Wednesday, and Friday for 20 minutes after work. A long-term goal might be to lose 20 pounds. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Tools for success Provide employees with tools for success, such as incentives, transit passes, maps, wellness programs and facilities such as showers and biking parking. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Social support Provide social support such as matching up employees for carpooling, having bike commuters buddy up with new riders and creating opportunities where employees can volunteer to lead walking groups or organize gatherings, competitions and whatnot. Social support can also help create a work environment and culture that supports physical activities of employees. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Recognition Recognize employee’ efforts to become more active with newsletters, competitions and positive feedback. Reward and praise employees who are taking steps to become more active and healthy.
Here are some keys for successful wellness and active transportation programs. (CLICK TO REVEAL) Asses, Plan, Engage, Measure. -Assess what types of active commuting, incentive and wellness programs will have the most bang for the buck. Talk with or survey your employers to get a sense of what they want to accomplish and what it will take for them to become healthier. There is no “one size fits all” approach to these types of programs – employees will pick and choose the intervention that works best for their life situation. -The planning process is instrumental in creating a successful active transportation or wellness program. Plans should have the support of upper management, as most programs don’t succeed without it. Using employee feedback, plan programs that are realistic and affordable and will ultimately meet desired goals. -Engaging with your employees is critical. Most employees need incentives, motivation and support to become more active. To accomplish this, set up volunteer teams to help manage certain aspects of the program and have them report back with successes and lessons learned. Communication is key, so use the company’s existing communication networks such as an intranet site, newsletters, memos, and bulletin boards to get your message across. -Evaluate the success of your program through measurement. Start by tracking current health care expenditures and continue to do so over time. It is also important for your employees to log their trip activities into a database, especially if you are offering financial incentives for active commuting. Continually solicit feedback from employees to see which types of programs are the most successful.
That wraps up this presentation.
Healthy employees ppt full
Building the case for healthy and active employees Replace with your logo
<ul><li>The problem </li></ul>Workers face serious health concerns due to inactive and sedentary lifestyles.
Promote active transportation and wellness programs in the workplace to benefit employee health, the environment and your company’s bottom line . The solution
Current U.S. health status Source: Centers for Disease Control/World Health Organization 40% of the population is sedentary 68% of adults age 20+ are overweight or obese 40% of the population has high blood pressure
Current U.S. physical activity Source: Journal of Preventative Medicine/U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 23% of adults get vigorous exercise for 20+ minutes at least three days a week 5% of adults engage in daily vigorous exercise 15% of adults get moderate exercise for 30+ minutes at least five days a week 40% of adults get no leisure-time exercise
1990 = 11.6% 2008 = 34% 1990 = 4% 2008 = 17% U.S. obesity statistics Source: Centers for Disease Control Adults Children
Health risks associated with sedentary lifestyles Source: Centers for Disease Control Obesity Diabetes Heart Disease Stroke Metabolic Syndrome Cancers
Health risks associated with sedentary lifestyles Sitting Disease Source: Centers for Disease Control Obesity Diabetes Heart Disease Stroke Metabolic Syndrome Cancers
<ul><li>Contracting diabetes by 7% for every 2 hours of sitting per day. </li></ul>Sitting disease Did you know sitting for long periods of time increases the risk of: <ul><li>Acquiring metabolic syndrome (in women) by 26% for every hour spent sitting. </li></ul>Source: Medicine Science Sports Exercise/British Journal of Sports Medicine
Sitting for 6 hours per day compared to 3 hours Sitting disease increases death rates: Men: 18% Woman: 37% Source: American Journal of Epidemiology
Medical impacts of poor lifestyle choices 91% 82% 71% 70% Stroke Cancers Heart disease Diabetes Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Kaiser Permanente
The cost of obesity Treating obesity-related illnesses adds up to $147 billion each year. Source: Centers for Disease Control
Medical impacts of poor lifestyle choices Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Kaiser Permanente 53% of all health care costs are generated by… 17% of employees with chronic conditions.
Inactive employees Higher health care costs Higher injury rates More health insurance claims More days missed due to illness Less productive Higher turnover rates
Inactive employees <ul><li>36% higher annual health care costs </li></ul>Source: Obesity Research/Chrysler Corporation Study <ul><li>39% higher costs for primary care visits </li></ul><ul><li>105% higher pharmacy costs </li></ul><ul><li>143% higher inpatient hospital care </li></ul>
lead to Inactive employees Source: U.S.A. Absenteeism Study/American Journal of Public Health/Journal of General Internal Medicine more in absenteeism costs $323 more in health costs for chronic conditions $4,927 more in direct medical costs $622
Healthy employees Source: San Jose Department of Parks, Recreation & Community Services <ul><li>14% lower claims against their medical insurance </li></ul><ul><li>30% fewer days in the hospital </li></ul><ul><li>41% fewer claims greater than $5,000 </li></ul>
<ul><li>Regular physical activity can improve an employee’s work performance by up to 52% . </li></ul>Employees who exercise Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
<ul><li>Using an employer-sponsored </li></ul><ul><li>transit pass meets the physical activity recommendation. </li></ul>Employees and physical activity Source: Journal of Public Health Policy
<ul><li>Reduce health care costs by 20 to 55% </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce short-term sick leave by 6 to 32% </li></ul>Employer physical activity programs Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
<ul><li>health care expenses: </li></ul>Return on Investment For every dollar spent on health promotion, Source: Uni-World Health and Wellness $3 - $6
<ul><li>Bike commuters Every 30 bike trips = $50 </li></ul>OHSU bike incentives Bike & transit commuters Every 30 bike trips = $35 + $694 transit-pass subsidy Bike & auto commuters Every 30 bike trips = a month’s parking refunded
Cash incentives Faster commute Good for the environment Physical/Mental health benefits Saving money Top motivation for biking
Top motivation for biking Physical/Mental health benefits 92% Faster commute 48% Good for the environment 66% Cash incentives 45% Saving money 43%
<ul><li>Easy trip-logging system </li></ul><ul><li>Commuting information and alerts displayed on login site </li></ul><ul><li>TriMet passes subsidized </li></ul>OHSU successes
<ul><li>Competitions </li></ul><ul><li>Bike parking, showers, gyms and a pilot program </li></ul><ul><li>for bike valet and shop </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Steps program for walkers </li></ul>OHSU successes
Organically Grown Company <ul><li>10 cents/mile for bus, MAX, carpool commutes </li></ul>Incentives for travel modes <ul><li>20 cents/mile for walking, biking commutes </li></ul>
Organically Grown Company <ul><li>Health and wellness fairs </li></ul>successes <ul><li>Wellness program </li></ul><ul><li>Bike parking, lockers and showers; yoga room </li></ul><ul><li>Easy trip-logging system </li></ul>
Organically Grown Company <ul><li>Contests for at home exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Commuting information/ competitions in newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking cessation program </li></ul><ul><li>Competitions </li></ul>successes
<ul><li>Commitment to sustainability and healthy employees extends to company’s marketing. </li></ul>Organically Grown Company
Stoel Rives Active commuter program <ul><li>$20/month for avoiding drive-alone commutes </li></ul><ul><li>$185 parking spaces </li></ul><ul><li>TriMet passes subsidized in full </li></ul><ul><li>Fleet bikes </li></ul>
Stoel Rives successes <ul><li>Group bike rides </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy alternatives in vending machines </li></ul><ul><li>Pedometers </li></ul><ul><li>Fit Club aka The Biggest Loser </li></ul><ul><li>Competitions </li></ul>