Engaging Studentshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/34053291@N05/3948369923/ Katherine Armitage Wilkes University EDIM510
Engagement in class• Defined as on task behavior• Can be increased through – Incorporating high energy – Using missing information – Tapping into the self – Applying mild pressure – Structuring mild competition or controversy
Incorporating high energy• Pacing of instruction• Teacher enthusiasm and intensity• Use of physical movement – Improves oxygen to brain http://www.flickr.com/photos/blogumentary/2873569122/
Using missing information• Taps into curiosity and anticipation• Human tendency to fill in the blanks• Inquiry based learning, experiments, puzzles & games http://www.flickr.com/photos/kristina06/6130255931/
Tapping into the self• Self-system: hierarchy of goals, controls decisions• Identify students’ interests and priorities• Get to know students, build rapport• Activities that appeal to students’ motivation http://www.flickr.com/photos/besphotos/2358166134/
Applying mild pressure• Forces attention on the task• Appropriate duration and intensity• Questioning and wait time• Should not induce anxiety http://www.flickr.com/photos/r_o_y_a_n/5311052636/
Structuring competition/controversy• Engineered controversy to elicit strong opinions• Resolve controversies through discussion/ investigation• Opportunity to compete http://www.flickr.com/photos/solar_decathlon/6186050984/ adds excitement – Inconsequential competition – Should not lead to embarrassment or blame
ReferencesMarzano, R. (2007). The art and science of teaching: A comprehensive framework for effective instruction. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.