Credible, scholarly worksGet them in a time-effective waySo this session will focus on getting good journal articles in an efficient manner
What is a ‘vulnerable population’?I’ll come back to reference #2
Currency: how timely is the information? When was it published or posted?Has it been revised or updated?Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?Are the links functional? (for websites) Relevance: does the information meet your needs? Who is the intended audience?Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs?)Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use? Authority: the information source Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? Examples: .com | .edu | .org | .gc.ca | .on.ca (for websites) Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content Where does the information come from? Is it supported by evidence?Has the information been reviewed or refereed?Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors? Purpose: the reason the information exists Does the information teach, sell, entertain or persuade?Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
I will show you 2 journal databases and 2 scholarly search enginesGo to GeoRef and Web of Science
GeorefGeology, earth science specific42 hits; all pertinentWoSmultidisciplinary24 hits; many hits are irrelevantGet it at Waterloo ICONS
HailstormsMain article: HailHailstorms are falls of raindrops that arrive as ice,rather than melting beforethey hit the ground.A particularly damaginghailstorm hit Munich,Germany, on July 12, 1984,causing about 2 billiondollars in insurance claims.
C currencyR relevanceA authorityA accuracyP purpose