THE GREAT WAR BEGINS
I. THE SPARK1. 1908      Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovinaa)Area was mostly Slavic in populationb)Serbia wanted c...
2.   June 28, 1914 a) heir to Austro-Hungarian empire, Archduke Franz    Ferdinand and wife Sophie visit Sarajevo, capital...
3.    Results     a) Austria-Hungary contacts William II (Germany)        for help; Germany issues the “blank check” of   ...
II. EUROPE MOBILIZES1. Kaiser        William II issues warning to Russia; contacts b/w Russia and Germany called “Willy-Ni...
2.   Russia appeals to ally, France; offers     to help them gain back Alsace and     Lorraine from Germany3.   August 3, ...
III. SCHLIEFFEN PLAN1.   Germanys (Alfred von Schlieffen) plan for avoiding     a two-front war2.   Goal: quickly defeat F...
4.Germans  asked, but didn’t gain permission to pass through Belgium; they decided to anyway5.Belgiansdelayed Germans for ...
6.   Propaganda (one sided info.     used to persuade) was spread     throughout Europe calling the     invasion “The Rape...
8.   Early September, the Germans     were enclosing on Paris9.   September 5, 1914 Allies came     together and attacked ...
10. September   9, 1914: Germans  retreat11.By    this point, Russians were marching into Germany  a)Germans  had to aband...
The great war begins (2)
The great war begins (2)
The great war begins (2)
The great war begins (2)
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The great war begins (2)

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The great war begins (2)

  1. 1. THE GREAT WAR BEGINS
  2. 2. I. THE SPARK1. 1908 Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovinaa)Area was mostly Slavic in populationb)Serbia wanted control of the area
  3. 3. 2. June 28, 1914 a) heir to Austro-Hungarian empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophie visit Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina b) Black Hand (Serbian terrorist group) make 2 attempts to assassinate Ferdinand • 1st attempt- operative throws grenade @ Archduke’s car; driver sees bomb and accelerates; injures bystanders and guards in following car • 2nd attempt- Archduke wishes to go to hospital to see victims; driver makes wrong turn; Gavrilo Princip goes up to the car and shoots and kills Archduke and wife
  4. 4. 3. Results a) Austria-Hungary contacts William II (Germany) for help; Germany issues the “blank check” of support b) July 23, 1914: A-H sends Serbia an ultimatum (list of demands) with 10 demands and 48 hours to comply c) Serbia agrees w/ all but 2 demands and wishes to negotiate d) July 25, Czar Nicholas II (Russia) begins mobilizing e) July 28, 1914: A-H declares war on Serbia
  5. 5. II. EUROPE MOBILIZES1. Kaiser William II issues warning to Russia; contacts b/w Russia and Germany called “Willy-Nicky Telegrams” a) Russia refuses to back down b) August 1, 1914: Germany declares war on Russia
  6. 6. 2. Russia appeals to ally, France; offers to help them gain back Alsace and Lorraine from Germany3. August 3, 1914: Germany declares war on France4. Italy and GB declared neutrality
  7. 7. III. SCHLIEFFEN PLAN1. Germanys (Alfred von Schlieffen) plan for avoiding a two-front war2. Goal: quickly defeat France while Russia mobilizes a) Believed Russia would be slow to mobilize due to size and lack of RR’s3. According to the plan, Germany would attack France by marching thru Belgium (avoid fortified areas along French/German border) a) Problem: Belgium declared neutrality- can not attack a neutral country
  8. 8. 4.Germans asked, but didn’t gain permission to pass through Belgium; they decided to anyway5.Belgiansdelayed Germans for as long as possible (11 days)a)Belgians flooded plains to slow the German advance; allowing time for the BEF (British Expeditionary Forces)
  9. 9. 6. Propaganda (one sided info. used to persuade) was spread throughout Europe calling the invasion “The Rape of Belgium”7. Marching thru neutral Belgium prompted GB to join the war effort
  10. 10. 8. Early September, the Germans were enclosing on Paris9. September 5, 1914 Allies came together and attacked Germans @ the Marne River (1st Battle of the Marne) a) Becomes the first major battle on Western Front
  11. 11. 10. September 9, 1914: Germans retreat11.By this point, Russians were marching into Germany a)Germans had to abandon the Schlieffen Plan

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