Taming The Unpredictable: Real-World Adaptive Case Management

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In this fast-paced and informative session, best-selling authors Nathaniel Palmer and Keith Swenson present findings and highlights from their latest book on adaptive case management, debuting this week at the Business Process Forum. Learn the best ways to make sure your process management initiatives keep pace with the mobile and social workforce of the 21st century. Key takeaways of the session include:

* Why empowering knowledge workers is the management challenge of the 21st century.
* How adaptive case management offers sanity in a Dropbox, App Store, LinkedIn world.
* Why decisions must be made with increasing autonomy in unforeseen, unplanned, and impromptu ways.
* How mobile computing will crush corporate IT, and what you can do about it.

Published in: Technology, Business

Taming The Unpredictable: Real-World Adaptive Case Management

  1. 1. www.TamingtheUnpredictable.com Nathaniel Palmer, Chief BPM Strategist, SRA International Keith Swenson, Vice President of R&D, Fujitsu
  2. 2. "The most important , and indeed the truly unique, contribution of management in the 20th century was the fifty-fold increase in the productivity of the manual worker in manufacturing. The most important contribution management needs to make in the 21st century is similarly to increase the productivity of knowledge work and the knowledge worker .” Peter Drucker, 1969 coins the term “Knowledge Worker” in ‘The Age of Discontinuity’ 30 Years later authors in ‘Management Challenges for the 21st Century’ . . .
  3. 3. BPM = A Transactional Thread Linking Activities Across Multiple Systems & Applications State State State Control Control Control Activity Activity Activity Activity
  4. 4. The 2 nd Revolution in IT Architecture 1969 Today 1995 Led to 40 Years of Data-centric Application Design Laid the Foundation for Process-centric Applications ; Still the Reference Model for N-Tiered, Service-Oriented & Process-Driven Applications
  5. 5. How to Improve Knowledge Work? Productivity Pain Points Source: 2011 ACM Survey Greatest Productivity Hurdles Knowledge Workers Face in a Typical Workday Tracking Status & Information Represent the Greatest Hurdles to Knowledge Worker Productivity
  6. 6. Work Patterns of Knowledge Workers Percent of the Day Spent in Different Modes Source: 2011 ACM Survey 2/3 of a Knowledge Worker’s Day is Spent in Unstructured & Often Unpredictable Work Patterns Roughly 1/3 is Structured, Predictable, Automated or Automatable
  7. 7. Deterministic vs. Non-Deterministic BPMN Processes Are Deterministic, Where All Possible Paths Are Pre-Determined or Known in Advance, No Matter How Complex the Pathways May Be. The Direction of the Process is Determined by the Pre-Defined Path and Current State; State is Determined by the Preceding Activity, in Other Words, Wher e it is in the Process.
  8. 8. Case Management Focuses on Events and Outcomes An Event Occurs The Case is Completed A Case File is Opened Activities and Work Create Content & Context Added to the Case
  9. 9. Event-Driven? Yes. Agile? Maybe. ACM Processes Are Goal-Driven and Non-Deterministic, The End Point is Known at the Start, the Pathway for Reaching it is Determined by the Outcome at Each Stage as well as Rules and Policies Applicable to the Case. The State of the Case is determined by the Content and Context Within the Case, Not Wher e the Case is at Any Time. Issue Resolved & Recorded Customer Reports Problem A Case is Opened Issue is Investigated Solution Applied, Unsuccessfully Alternatives Researched & Applied
  10. 10. Goal-Driven = Non-Linear Cases Evolve Over Time in the Direction of Achieving a Goal, Often in Unpredictable Directions, Requiring the Ability to Jump Forward, Jump Back, Re-do or Otherwise Perform Work in a Sequence That Can’t be Determined in Advance.
  11. 11. Adaptable, Not Ad-Hoc Business Rules, Business Analytics, Context-Sensitive ‘Help’ and Knowledge Management Functions Help Guide Knowledge Workers to Make Decisions About Cases as They Evolved. The Case Management System Adapts to the Context of the Case, Guiding the Outcome Based on the Combination of Rules/Policies, Data, and Application of Knowledge Worker Know-How.
  12. 12. Case Management is a System of Record BPM Provides a Transactional Across Various Systems of Record. Case Management Captures the Context of “What Happened” in Virtual Case Folder Which Serves as the Long-Lived System of Record of the Case. Files (including email, voicemail and traditional documents) Reside Outside of the Case but are Tracked as Part of the Permanent Record.
  13. 13. Case Management is a System of Record A Case May be Restarted at Any Time, or Remain “Living” in its Current State for Any Duration Until Another Event Occurs. Knowledge Captured During the Performance of Case Work can be Used as a Template to Launch a New Case Instance.
  14. 14. Case Management & the iWorker ACM Will Further the Integration of Outside Tools and Social Media, Delivering "mash ups” to Facilitate Better Communication and Faster Problem Resolution
  15. 15. BPM, ACM & the iWorker Mobile Devices Will Change Work Patterns Faster Than Existing Applications Can Keep Pace. BPM and ACM will be the Platform Which Enables Work to Follow the Workers, Virtually Integrating Resources From Existing Systems With New Content and Context, Capturing Events and Providing Access to These Wherever Work is Performed.
  16. 16. Delivering Work the Way We Work By Enabling the Work to Follow the Worker, BPM and Case Management Provide the Cohesiveness of a Single Environment (single point of access) but Does Not Determine nor Impose Whether that is Virtual or Physical.
  17. 17. Enabling Quantum Organizations as a new level of effectiveness Keith D. Swenson Vice President of R&D Fujitsu America
  18. 18. 1990 2000 2010 2020 Mass p2p & tribe oriented communications We are standing on the crux of a change that will affect every aspect of our working lives.
  19. 19. How will you take your organization through this substantial change and benefit from it? 1990 2000 2010 2020 Dominated by << Push >> Organizations Dominated by >> Pull << Organizations
  20. 20. Our own conceptual limitations stand in the way of capturing the full benefit of social business 1990 2000 2010 2020 Remain << Push >> Change to >> Pull <<
  21. 21. The Root of the Conceptual Problem
  22. 22. F = ma Everything, it was thought, could be predicted if you measure the initial conditions carefully enough. Isaac Newton
  23. 24. We assume the system runs on simple rules.
  24. 25. Chaos was believed to simply be complexity so great that in practice scientists couldn’t track it, but they were sure that in principle they might one day be able to do so. - Briggs & Peat (1989)
  25. 26. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: Chaos can not banished through perfectly precise measurement.
  26. 27. At subatomic level, particles are constantly forming and disappearing. And yet…. structures at our level remain remarkably stable.
  27. 28. Newtonian vs. Quantum externally observable limited precision smoothness based on simple rules predictability turbulence relationship based unpredictability
  28. 29. It was as if the ground had been pulled out from under one, with no firm foundation to be seen anywhere, upon which one could have built. - Einstein
  29. 30. Henry Ford’s Assembly Line The Industrial Revolution: … the Newtonian view in business. <ul><li>Frederick Winslow Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>Time and Motion Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Mass production office work </li></ul>
  30. 31. Routine work is already to a large extent, being automated
  31. 32. For Knowledge Workers, think not of a machine, but an ecosystem
  32. 33. Newtonian vs. Quantum externally observable limited precision smoothness based on simple rules predictability turbulence relationship based unpredictability
  33. 34. The Power Of Pull “ Pull platforms are emerging as a response to growing uncertainty.” “ They seek to expand the opportunity for creativity by local participants dealing with immediate needs.”
  34. 35. << Push >> Models
  35. 36. >> Pull << Models
  36. 37. <ul><li>Adaptive Case Management </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Pull Model </li></ul><ul><li>Get Things Done </li></ul>
  37. 38. Returning to “ Human 1.0”
  38. 39.
  39. 40. Roles mean nothing without understanding the network of relationships and the resources that are required to support the work of that person. – Margaret Wheatley
  40. 41. <ul><li>Important worker qualities will be: </li></ul><ul><li>High Concept </li></ul><ul><li>High Touch </li></ul><ul><li>-Daniel H. Pink </li></ul>
  41. 42. <ul><li>Understand the limits of Newtonian view </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and Scientific Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beware of over-simplifying the job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t just “pick a process” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus on providing the right information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote a culture of sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embrace complexity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t de-skill the workplace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Empower people to respond to customers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralize, but monitor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hire/promote right-brained people </li></ul>
  42. 43. Crossing the gap will require a new mindset at all levels of your organization. 1990 2000 2010 2020 Dominated by << Push >> Organizations Dominated by >> Pull << Organizations
  43. 44. www.TamingtheUnpredictable.com Nathaniel Palmer, Chief BPM Strategist, SRA International Keith Swenson, Vice President of R&D, Fujitsu

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