The Russian Revolution and the Rise of Stalin
Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Objective 1:  To identify events that led to the rise of Stalin in the Soviet Union </li></ul><...
Prelude to the Russian Revolution <ul><li>Autocracy:  The Russian Tsar </li></ul><ul><li>1851-94 - Alexander III; 1894-191...
Marx - Economy  <ul><li>Writing of Karl Marx come to prominence at this time </li></ul><ul><li>Marx believed that growing ...
Lenin & the Bolsheviks <ul><li>Vladamir Illyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, became the leader of the  Bolsheviks , a group of...
Road to Revolution <ul><li>1904 - Russo-Japanese War </li></ul><ul><li>1905 - Bloody Sunday - St. Petersburg, Russia </li>...
Lenin Returns <ul><li>The March Revolution - Protesters in St. Petersburg fill the streets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers ...
October Revolution* <ul><li>Lenin and Red Guard storm Winter Palace in St. Petersburg ➝ Defeat provisional government </li...
Lenin’s Policies <ul><li>End the war:  Treaty of Brest-Litovsk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian troops that return, fight aga...
Totalitarianism <ul><li>One party rule </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic leader </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology </li></ul>Totalitariani...
Vocabulary <ul><li>market economy </li></ul><ul><li>command economy </li></ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet ...
“ Stalin:  Man of Steel” <ul><li>Be sure to fill out your guided notes for the video </li></ul><ul><li>We will finish the ...
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Russian revolution

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Lecture notes for Mr. English's 1/25/2011 World History class.

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Russian revolution

  1. 1. The Russian Revolution and the Rise of Stalin
  2. 2. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Objective 1: To identify events that led to the rise of Stalin in the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Objective 2: To explain differences between market and command economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective 3: To exemplify elements of totalitarianism in the Soviet Union under Stalin. ( from video and finished next class ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prelude to the Russian Revolution <ul><li>Autocracy: The Russian Tsar </li></ul><ul><li>1851-94 - Alexander III; 1894-1917 - Nicholas II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refuse to reform government and share power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Russians are farming peasants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nicholas does start process of industrialization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel production (4th in the world) and construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Marx - Economy <ul><li>Writing of Karl Marx come to prominence at this time </li></ul><ul><li>Marx believed that growing industrialization of countries would cause unrest of the working class (proletariat) against the industry owners (bourgeoisie) </li></ul><ul><li>A market economy is an economy in which most goods and services are produced and distributed through free markets </li></ul><ul><li>In a command economy the means of production are controlled by the government. The state (government) own the means of production and all decisions of what to produce are made by them. </li></ul>“ From each according to his ability, to each according to his need.” - Karl Marx
  5. 5. Lenin & the Bolsheviks <ul><li>Vladamir Illyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, became the leader of the Bolsheviks , a group of Russians who wanted change. </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Marx’s ideas, the Bolsheviks favored radical change by any means necessary. They also fundamentally believed that a revolution in Russia would spark change across the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Would be exiled to Europe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Road to Revolution <ul><li>1904 - Russo-Japanese War </li></ul><ul><li>1905 - Bloody Sunday - St. Petersburg, Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500-1,000 people killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicholas had to concede - formed the Duma - Russia’s first Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World War I - from 1914-1917 ➝ 1.7 million Russians killed; 5 million injured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive shortages: food, fuel, housing </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Lenin Returns <ul><li>The March Revolution - Protesters in St. Petersburg fill the streets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers ordered to fire on protesters - end up joining the protest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand end of war and to Tsar rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nicholas abdicates the throne </li></ul><ul><li>Duma called back into power, but very weak provisional government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They decide to continue fighting in war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angered many Russians ➝ especially local groups of workers, peasants and soldiers called Soviets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany’s end to the Eastern Front ➝ Return Lenin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Peace, Land and Bread!” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. October Revolution* <ul><li>Lenin and Red Guard storm Winter Palace in St. Petersburg ➝ Defeat provisional government </li></ul><ul><li>Red Soviets are in power ⇔ White Russian opposition are in exile ➝ civil war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several western countries send troops to support White Russians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes distrust with the West that has lasted nearly a century </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Lenin’s Policies <ul><li>End the war: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian troops that return, fight against White army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economy: New Economic Policy . Lenin started economic changes slowly, rather than complete state run economy. Peasants and factories could sell surplus production instead of turning them over to the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: Renamed country to Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) in honor of Soviet revolts. Many ethnic republics formed together with capital in Moscow under a single party rule . The Communist Party is founded along Marxist ideas with a classless society as the goal. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Totalitarianism <ul><li>One party rule </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic leader </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology </li></ul>Totalitarianism is when a government controls all aspects of peoples lives Tools of Totalitarianism <ul><li>Control (over society and individuals) </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Fear </li></ul>
  11. 11. Vocabulary <ul><li>market economy </li></ul><ul><li>command economy </li></ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet </li></ul><ul><li>October Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>New Economic Policy </li></ul><ul><li>surplus </li></ul><ul><li>single party rule </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarianism </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ Stalin: Man of Steel” <ul><li>Be sure to fill out your guided notes for the video </li></ul><ul><li>We will finish the video in the next class and go over the notes and add new vocabulary as well as fill out a worksheet. </li></ul>

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