1st World: Past: Greece, Rome, UK &#x2799; Now: U.S., Canada, Japan, Western Europe &#x2799; Capitalism\n 2nd World: Russia, China, Australia, Brazil &#x2799; After WWII &#x2799; Communism (USSR, China); Taiwan, South Korea\n 3rd World: Africa, Central Asia\n
Emerging Nations - The Third World
Emerging NationsThe Third World
ObjectivesIdentify locations in Africa.Analyze definitions of third world. Categorize data to support these definitions.
VocabularySub-Saharan Africa - geographical term for the area of Africawhich is south of the Sahara Desert.literacy: The ability to read and write; national measure of therelative education level of the peopleHIV/AIDS: Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired ImmuneDeficiency Syndrome; viral disease without cure that hasravaged African nations over the past 40 years.standard of living: measure of the quality of life for people in acountry; often influenced by that governments actions orinactions.apartheid: government policy of complete separation of races inSouth Africa from 1948-1994.
The Global World System: Three PartsThe First World: World System Core Dominate trade, control the most advanced technologies, high levels of economyThe Second World: Semi-Peripheral Regions Were once Peripheral, internationally become competitiveThe Third World: Peripheral Regions Disadvantageous trading relationships, older technology, undeveloped economy
How Can You Tell?We’ll be looking at 5 measures of countries to helpdescribe life in different countriesThe vast majority of Africa contains those emergingnations that exist in the Third World Most of the countries that fit the definitions of Third World countries in Africa lie in Sub-Saharan AfricaLet’s examine some examples of these differentmeasure and their impact
EducationOne measure of the educationlevel of a people is the literacyrate - the percent of peoplewho are able to read or writeEfforts have been made in thepast 40 years to help improveeducation in some Africancountries However, the literacy rates in Africa remain relatively low
HealthA number of measurescan help us determinethe relative health of anationThe primary measure wewill look at is a measureof healthy life expectancyAfrica now faces aparticular health crisis init’s on going strugglewith HIV/AIDS
HIV RATES IN AFRICA SOME OTHER FACTS • Africa = 14.7% of worlds population • Africa = 88% of worlds pop. with HIV • 92% of AIDS deaths in the world • Swaziland - 26.1% of ALL adults has HIV - over 50% of adults in 20s • Life expectancy in Swaziland = 32 years • 90% of worlds HIV- infected children live in Africa
Quality of Life This measures a variety of factors that help describe everyday life For instance: Gap between the genders (equality between men and women) Environmental health (pollution and effect on people) Unemployment Over all these factors describe the standard of living
PovertyOne of those standards is the number of people wholive on less than $2 a day. Do the math! $2 per day X 365 day = $________ McDonald’s minimum wage = $7.25/hour $7.25 X 40 hours (week) - X 52 weeks = $_________
MOST OF AFRICA US MINIMUM WAGE< $730 per year $15,080 per year
Economic & Political FactorsThe economic factors that wewill look at are complicatedmeasures of a nationsproduction and how theireconomies work*The political factors describehow much freedom peoplehave over their lives or howthe government responds totheir needs
South Africa: ApartheidSouth Africa: Colonized and fought over by Britishand Dutch in 18th Century - strict racial divisionGained self-rule in 1910 - British Empire Constitutional rights for whites; denied to blacks1948 - Afrikaner (Dutch South African) nationalism Instituted policy of complete separation of the races called apartheid1959-89: Blacks: 75% of the population; 13% of theland reserved; few freedoms
Nelson Mandela Member and leader of the African National Congress (ANC) Captured and imprisoned in 1962 Released from prison in 1990 - international pressure 1994 - end of apartheid and free elections ANC wins 63% of the vote - Nelson Mandela elected president
Define the Third WorldFor the rest of the period, you will be gatheringspecific data to make your own definition ofwhat life is like in a third world.Go to Mr. English’s website and click on “ThirdWorld” to begin this assignment once you havereceived your worksheet.