03 - Presidential Powers

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Lecture set from High School American Government class on Powers of the President.

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03 - Presidential Powers

  1. 1. PRESIDENTIAL DUTIES WHAT THEY CAN AND CAN’T DO...
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL DESCRIBES POWERS THE PRESIDENT HAS AS DETAILED IN THE CONSTITUTION.
  3. 3. VOCABULARY EXECUTIVE ORDERS: DIRECTIVES, RULES OR REGULATIONS ISSUED BY A CHIEF EXECUTIVE OR SUBORDINATES, BASED ON CONSTITUTIONAL OR STATUTORY AUTHORITY AND HAVING THE FORCE OF LAW TREATY: A FORMAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN TWO OR MORE SOVEREIGN STATES EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS: A PACT MADE BY THE PRESIDENT DIRECTLY WITH THE HEAD OF A FOREIGN STATE; A BINDING INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT WITH THE FORCE OF LAW BUT WHICH (UNLIKE A TREATY) DOES NOT REQUIRE SENATE CONSENT
  4. 4. EXECUTING THE LAW TAKES CARE THAT THE LAWS ARE FAITHFULLY EXECUTED ENFORCES, ADMINISTERS, CARRIES OUT FEDERAL LAW DIRECTS THE ADMINISTRATION EXECUTIVE ORDERS: GENERALLY ORDERS TO STAFF OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH AND NOT TO CITIZENS
  5. 5. EXECUTING THE LAW: APPOINTMENTS REMOVES AND APPOINTS MANY OFFICIALS APPOINTMENT POWERS IN CONTROL OF WHITE HOUSE STAFF MUST HAVE SENATE CONSENT ON: AMBASSADORS AND DIPLOMATS CABINET MEMBERS AND TOP AIDES HEADS ON INDEPENDENT AGENCIES (NASA, E.P.A.) FEDERAL JUDGES, U.S. MARSHALLS, U.S. ATTORNEYS (GIVES TO SENATORS) ALL OFFICERS IN THE ARMED FORCES REMOVAL POWERS EVERYONE EXCEPT JUDGES
  6. 6. DIPLOMATIC & MILITARY POWER SERVES AS CHIEF DIPLOMAT MAKES TREATIES ➙ WITH SENATE APPROVAL EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS ➙ WITHOUT SENATE APPROVAL (E.G. GUNS FOR BASES) SERVES AS COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF ARMED FORCES UNDECLARED WAR (200 TIMES) ➙ PANAMA, KUWAIT AND IRAQ WAR POWERS ACT (1973) ➙ 90 DAYS WARTIME POWERS EXPANDED (E.G. RATIONING FOOD)
  7. 7. LEGISLATIVE POWER POWER TO RECOMMEND LEGISLATION VETO POWER SIGN BILL; VETO BILL (⅔IN EACH HOUSE); BECOMES A BILL AFTER 10 DAYS; POCKET VETO (CONGRESS ADJOURNS - 10 DAYS BILL DIES) POWER TO CALL SPECIAL SESSION CALL CONGRESS IN SESSION OR ADJOURN CONGRESS (NEVER BEEN DONE)
  8. 8. JUDICIAL POWER POWER TO GRANT REPRIEVES: POSTPONE A SENTENCE POWER TO GRANT PARDONS: LEGAL FORGIVENESS OF CRIME (ONLY FEDERAL, NOT STATE) POWER TO COMMUTE SENTENCES & GRANT AMNESTY BARRACK OBAMA - 9 GEORGE W. BUSH - 200 BILL CLINTON - 459 GEORGE H.W. BUSH - 77 RONALD REAGAN - 406 JIMMY CARTER - 566 FDR - 3,687 ➙ LIKE 6 PARDONS A WEEK, 25 PARDONS A MONTH GEORGE WASHINGTON - 16 ➙ ABOUT 2 A YEAR.

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