Conﬂict in the Middle EastIsrael and Palestine: Efforts to Co-Exist
ObjectivesDebate issues centered around Palestine/Israelconflict.
VocabularyPalestine Liberation Organization (PLO) - recognized bymore than 100 states as “sole legitimate representativeof the Palestinian people”Yasser Arafat - leader of the PLO from 1969.Negotiated Oslo Accords to support founding rights forPalestinians.Intifada - Arabic word meaning “uprising”; widespreadcivil disobedience by PalestiniansHamas - Muslim political party that governs the GazaStrip
Peace; At What Cost?Camp David Accords gave Israelinternational recognition andstatusPalestinian people ignoredNo recognition of Palestinianauthority; some housingdevelopments by Israel in GazaStrip and West BankGrowing frustration; growingmilitarism; growing terrorism
Intifada: A Call for Change Starting 1987 - call for ‘uprising’ called intifada Took form of boycotts, demonstrations, attacks on Israeli soldiers and rock throwing by unarmed teenagers Israel pressured to make some changes Increase tension
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)From the 1950’s, the PLO directed resistance againstIsraelIn 1969, Yasser Arafat took over leadershipViolence and military action common1993 - Arafat & Israel Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin meetin Oslo, Norway for secret talksAgree to grant Palestineself-rule
Finally Peace? Neither side 100% happy with Oslo Accords Rabin assassinated PLO became Palestinian National Authority - is in control over West Bank More militant Islamic control exercised by radical members of Hamas over the Gaza Strip
TodayViolence still common in Israel and in Palestiniancontrolled areasMahmoud Abbas - President of Palestinian NationalAuthority - in the West BankIsmail Haniyeh - Prime Minister of Palestinian NationalAuthority - in the Gaza StripBenjamin Netanyahu - Prime Minister of Israel
String of rocket attacks follows fatal JerusalembombingBy the CNN Wire StaffMarch 24, 2011 6:04 p.m. EDT Jerusalem (CNN) -- Eleven rockets were ﬁred into Israel from Gaza on Thursday, a day after a fatal terrorist bombing in Jerusalem killed a woman and wounded more than 50 other people, the Israel Defense Forces said.