Objectives❖ Students will identify aspects of the Renaissance in Italy.❖ Students will analyze the changes in European thought and culture resulting from the Renaissance.
Vocabulary❖ humanism - focus in intellectual thought that moved from religious issues to worldly subjects.❖ humanities - subjects of study that reﬂect teachings from Greek and Roman schools.❖ patron - a ﬁnancial supporter of the arts.❖ perspective - technique that allowed Renaissance artists to create realistic art through three-dimensional appearance.
Medieval Times Change❖ The Dark Ages, or Middle Ages - focus of life was through religion ❖ Crusades, Black Plague, wars ❖ Bleak experiences turned most of society to the Church ❖ Reﬂected in art of the time.
Medieval Art: Illumination❖ Function of art in Late Middle Ages was to illustrate biblical times and everyday life in ﬂat display that focused on nature ❖ Focus on natural settings = “God’s splendor” ❖ Gothic style: Of or relating to an architectural style prevalent in western Europe from the 12th through the 15th century and characterized by pointed arches, rib vaulting, and a developing emphasis on verticality and the impression of height. (The Free Dictionary: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Gothic)
Italy: Cradle of Renaissance❖ Transition from the Middle Ages to the early Modern World.❖ Began with intellectual movement that reﬂected desire of artists, philosophers and teachers towards humanism❖ Reﬂects traditional Greek and Roman schools of thought ❖ Move from strictly religious learning to humanities
Why Italy?❖ Rome had been the center of the Roman empire ❖ Return to glory as the center of intellectual thought❖ Many examples of ancient works from which to learn ❖ Statues, coins, buildings
Italian Inﬂuence❖ Rome was the center of the Catholic world ❖ Many rich patrons could support this new direction in art and thought❖ Italian ports vital to trade in the region ❖ City-States compete for trade, but also bring Italian art and thought around the world
Video (to 3:13) is found athttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzVAPykS-4s