Assignment 4Analysis of a TV Documentary Kaya Sumbland
LIFERS Lifers is a Channel 4 documentary following the life on men in Gartree prison in Leicestershire over a six month’s who are in there for a range of murder crimes in the UK. It presents feelings and thoughts from the prisoners on the crime they committed, how they cope, and live.It was shown on Channel 4 at9pm, targeting towards a moremature British audience as itsabout a serious topic, and itsedited in ways of being moresympathetic and serious.
Cherry Healey – How to get a life Are we all Addicts? This is a BBC three documentary series following Cherry Healey looking into differed aspects of life. Which this particular episode named ‘Are we all addicts?’ looking at different peoples addiction to certain legal drugs for pleasurable circumstances in the UK.It was shown on BBC Three at9pm, which is known to bequite quirky channel withdocumentaries targetedtowards youth in the UKthrough their editing andpresenter.
Conventions in Documentaries• Interview • Clear aim of documentary• Position of interviewee on screen • Presenter• Hand held camera • Tone in which they speak• Establishing shot • Documentary purpose• Natural lighting • Theory/style• Mid shot • Use of text• Close up shots (insert shots) • Font• Background music • Animation• Supporting images • Setting (back and forth between• Supporting clips settings)• Archival footage • Special effects• Archival images • Statistics• Montage editing • Ambient sound• Voice overs • Volume control• Real life setting • Intervals• Personal (bias) presence of • Structure interviewee • Quoted material
LIFERS Conventions USE DEVELOPVoiceovers CHALLENGE They used a formal male voiceover, with an informative tone to narrate the documentary from the beginning to introduce the programme and what its about as there is no presenter involved. Also, to get the interest of viewers, they used actual news reports over the clips to make it seem more real and dangerous, making the documentary exciting and serious.
LIFERS Conventions USE DEVELOPCamera Angle CHALLENGE They use a ‘fly on the wall’ type angle to capture everything within a certain room or location, to possibly present to the audience how enclosed and intense prison is, informing the audience how horrible it can be
LIFERS Conventions USE DEVELOPHand held CHALLENGE They use hand held camera movement as they are constantly on the move, following prisoners from each location and follow what they’re up to.
LIFERS Conventions USE DEVELOP Interviews CHALLENGE The camera man asked questions from behind the camera interacting with the interviewee Sound BridgeThen while he answered, the clipsswitched while sound bridging to show whats he’s talking about – going back and forth
LIFERS Conventions USE DEVELOP Mid shot CHALLENGE Mid shots are used instead of full body shot as main body language is represented from head to arms Close upClose up regularly used to presentthe bad conditions they live in and to show more detail for their audience
LIFERS USE Conventions DEVELOP CHALLENGE Statistics700 inmateswhich 85%serving lifesentences During a simple clip, they used a voice over to say a supposed shocking statistics without distracting on the screen
LIFERS Conventions USE DEVELOPLighting CHALLENGE Natural lighting throughout the prison is used, as its not very realistic to bring light equipment to this kind of location
LIFERS Conventions Music When he recapped over what he had done, violin, soft musicUSE is played to emphasiseDEVELOP the emotion andCHALLENGE create empathy with the audience During the title ticking music is Sound bridge of the ticking music to soft played creates tension and violin so the audience to make a calmer emphasises the wait to leave relaxed tone to introduce prisoners prison
LIFERS Conventions USE DEVELOP Supporting CHALLENGE images A photo of one of the murderers photos as a child, – althoughthey’ve done something really bad – possibly to make the audience feel bad for them, and know they werent always bad
Cherry Healey – How to get a life USE Are we all Addicts? Conventions DEVELOP CHALLENGEVoiceovers There is a voice over throughout by the presenter of the documentary, who straight away gets quite personal with the audience Showing clips of her from previous documentaries As she is also a well known presenter for BBC Three
Cherry Healey – How to get a life USE Are we all Addicts? Conventions DEVELOP CHALLENGESupporting images Clips and images are shown while a voiceover to support what the episode of the series is about – in order to get a better understanding, and to attract the audience eyes
Cherry Healey – How to get a life Are we all Addicts? Conventions USE DEVELOPEditing CHALLENGE Clouds moving fast People around her moving fast Through fast forward, they made it seem as though everything is moving fast – to go along with a statement told, also with deep focus on the main object of the Clock moving fast clip to show a rush
Cherry Healey – How to get a life Are we all Addicts? Conventions USE DEVELOPInterviews CHALLENGE Interviews were done with the presenter present, showing how they react against each other, and could possibly create a personal bias on the interviewee – though making it a more calm and relaxed setting
Cherry Healey – How to get a life Are we all Addicts? Conventions USE DEVELOPStatistics CHALLENGE Statistics were written in text on the screen accompanied by a voice over by Cherry with an internet supportive clip underneath to go with the subject
Cherry Healey – How to get a life Are we all Addicts? Conventions USE DEVELOPLighting CHALLENGE Natural lighting is used throughout as the equipment wouldn’t really be necessary – or fit – in the locations of the documentary
Cherry Healey – How to get a life Are we all Addicts? Conventions USE DEVELOP Music CHALLENGEFirst establishing shot plays Rizzle Kicks – Background music is upbeat and quite Possibly to attract young audience electrical – quite common on BBC Three documentariesSecond establishing shot plays LMFAO – Also to get a feel of the location
LIFERS Cherry Healey – How to get a life Similarities Are we all Addicts?Interview with professional Lifers How to get a life Both documentaries have an interview with a professional to get factual information on their topic. Though, both use a different style – e.g Lifers uses a close up shot accompanied by text on the side to inform audience on who it is, where asHow to get a life uses Cherry in their interview, with a voice over stating who is .
LIFERS Cherry Healey – How to get a life Similarities Are we all Addicts? Credits Lifers How to get a life Put the text on Capitals the left side on top Both of the documentaries have visual similarities, by having a blackbackground with white text on top, while sliding upwards, accompanied bymusic that suited their documentary. Though both put the billing in different orders.
LIFERS Cherry Healey – How to get a life Differences Are we all Addicts? Presenter Lifers How to get a life BBC Three documentary used a well known presenter of the channelthroughout the episode and series as she was used as a participial observer of their research making the atmosphere more relaxed and fun throughout, However, Lifers only had a formal male narrator Stephen Mackintosh, which created a more intense atmosphere.
LIFERS Cherry Healey – How to get a life Differences Are we all Addicts? Titles Lifers had a black screen with white text Where as, How to get a life was more fading onto and getting bigger on the quirky and fun, featuring the presenter in screen accompanied by ticking sounds the titles. They wrote the text onto objectscreating that intense and symbolising the which is quite eye catching accompanied by wait for release while using a black font upbeat music to create a light hearted which seems quite harsh atmosphere with their audience – attracting youth as an audience
LIFERS Cherry Healey – How to get a life Differences Are we all Addicts? Series Lifers How to get a lifeLifers was a one time documentary, which six months of footage all put into one hour as there was only one research aim, so there was no episode to follow. However, how to get a life will follow numerous episode to research different aspects of ‘How to get a life’ – so at the end of the programme, they showedwhat will happen next week on another topic vanity. Whereas lifers ended on a conclusion.
LIFERS Cherry Healey – How to get a life Differences Are we all Addicts? Channel Channel 4 documentaries have a certain style to them. Commonly channel 4 don’t use a presenter in their documentaries, but a narrator over what they’re presenting. Also they focus on educational or informative topics, for examples, ways of life and medical Channel 4 BBC Three documentaries also have a certain style.Their documentaries are commonly targeted towardsyouth, being quite quirky and fun. They usually focus on modern and young adults – though this is expected as the channel in general focus on themes to do with youth culture. BBC Three
LIFERS Cherry Healey – How to get a life Differences Are we all Addicts?Intervals Lifers How to get a lifeBefore and after interval title was When moving to a differed topic, instead of a shown on screen break, it showed a full body shot of her moving the next location Lifers was split into four parts during the 1 hour episode due to breaks from channel 4. After each part, the topic didn’t change, but added a new prisoner to the documentary, so there wasn’t much change from each interval, however, How to get a life didn’t have any breaks (due to it being on the BBC), but was split into parts going from different topics and people in drugs, splitting the documentaries into parts.