The 7 Elements of DesignThe 7 Elements of Design
They are the basic partsThey are the basic parts
of any artwork.of any artwork.
They are rarely seen byThey are rarely seen by
There are many ways toThere are many ways to
use them.use them.
An artist chooses how toAn artist chooses how to
use the Elements ofuse the Elements of
Design, much like a chefDesign, much like a chef
chooses ingredients tochooses ingredients to
use in his/her cooking!use in his/her cooking!
Let’s start with the Element ofLet’s start with the Element of
In the language of art,In the language of art,
Value is how light or darkValue is how light or dark
something is.something is.
In the example to theIn the example to the
right, there is a largeright, there is a large
Range of Values.Range of Values.
– The are light values,The are light values,
medium values, and darkmedium values, and dark
– This helps move our eyeThis helps move our eye
around the picture.around the picture.
It would be boring just toIt would be boring just to
stare at one part of thestare at one part of the
Artwork by Jenny
Examples of ValueExamples of Value
Look how Value isLook how Value is
used in these twoused in these two
works of art:works of art:
– George de La TourGeorge de La Tour
– Louise NevelsonLouise Nevelson
Answer these questions:Answer these questions:
1.1. Which picture has a widerWhich picture has a wider
Range of ValuesRange of Values
(selection of lights,(selection of lights,
mediums, darks)?mediums, darks)?
2.2. Which picture uses ValueWhich picture uses Value
to give Emphasisto give Emphasis
(importance) in the(importance) in the
2. “The Newborn”1. Louise Nevelson, Sky
Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New
Image from Albright Knox Organization via
Georges De La Tour, 1640’s,
Musee des Beaux Arts, Rennes
From Image from
Web Gallery of Art
De La Tour uses aDe La Tour uses a Range of ValuesRange of Values and givesand gives
EmphasisEmphasis to the newborn baby in the picture by putting theto the newborn baby in the picture by putting the
lightest Value there. Our eye is moved to the part in thelightest Value there. Our eye is moved to the part in the
picture which is most different from the other parts of thepicture which is most different from the other parts of the
The eye is
drawn to the
Value is the
is where the
Now you’ve learned howNow you’ve learned how
Value can give EmphasisValue can give Emphasis
to a part in a pictureto a part in a picture
andand produce Contrastproduce Contrast
is on the
Value can give theValue can give the
feeling of formfeeling of form
Look at the followingLook at the following
pictures by John Singerpictures by John Singer
What else can the Element of
Which looks more 3-D?Which looks more 3-D?
1. Coloring Book rendering of John
Singer Sargen’ts “Madame X,” from
2. John Singer Sargent, “Madame
X” from John Singer Sargent
Some artists like to useSome artists like to use
dramatic valuedramatic value
We callWe call dramatic valuedramatic value chiaroscurochiaroscuro
It sounds like “Chee-r-o-scure-o”It sounds like “Chee-r-o-scure-o”
Caravaggio is a famous artistCaravaggio is a famous artist
who used chiaroscurowho used chiaroscuro
How is value used to create drama in this image?How is value used to create drama in this image?
How isHow is
used toused to
drama indrama in
this imagethis image
You now know what Value is and how itYou now know what Value is and how it
gives Form to an object.gives Form to an object.
You have also seen how Value can giveYou have also seen how Value can give
Emphasis, or importance, to a particularEmphasis, or importance, to a particular
part in a picture.part in a picture.
We are going to create anWe are going to create an
artwork focusing on valueartwork focusing on value
Examine the next few images.Examine the next few images.
Be prepared to discuss how value is usedBe prepared to discuss how value is used
in these pictures to show form andin these pictures to show form and
Bones areBones are
You will useYou will use
value tovalue to
create acreate a