Tech chapter 1


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Tech chapter 1

  1. 1. Educational Technology in Context: Chapter 1: The Big Picture
  2. 2. Main Ideas <ul><li>Technology is “a channel for helping teachers communicate better with students,” not an end unto itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Old technology is not always bad, and new technology is not always good. </li></ul><ul><li>Educators must determine what best serves the student. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Four Perspectives that Define Educational Technology (pg. 7) <ul><li>AECT - Association for Educational Communications and Technology - Technology as media and AV communications </li></ul><ul><li>ISPI - International Society for Performance Improvement - Technology as instructional systems and instructional design </li></ul><ul><li>ITEA - Improving the Teaching of Technology and Science - Technology as vocational training (a.k.a. technology education) </li></ul><ul><li>ISTE - International Society for Technology in Education - Technology as computer systems </li></ul>
  4. 4. Three Eras in the History of Educational Computing/Technology (pgs. 10-11) <ul><li>Pre-microcomputer Era (1950-late 1970s) - University projects use mainframe and minicomputer systems to deliver instruction in schools; the Computer Literacy movement begins </li></ul><ul><li>Microcomputer Era (Late 1970s-1994) - Microcomputers enter schools and spawn the software publishing, Logo , and ILS (Integrated Learning System) movements </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Era (1994-present) - The first web browser ( Mosaic ) makes possible travel on the &quot;Information Superhighway&quot; </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rationale for Using Educational Technology (pg. 16) <ul><li>Increased motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Unique instructional capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Support for new instructional approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Increased productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Required skills for an information age (technological literacy, information literacy, and visual literacy) </li></ul><ul><li>Research rationale for using technology in teaching is documented at the CARET website </li></ul>
  6. 6. Current Educational Technology Systems, Configurations, and Applications (pgs. 18-19) <ul><li>Computers on Wheels (COWS) and mobile labs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PTE (Portable Training Environment) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary concern in setting up and maintaining any computer lab is accessibility for all users </li></ul><ul><li>Review accessibility checklist for all the factors that should be considered </li></ul>
  7. 7. Factors Shaping the Climate for Technology Integration (pg. 21) <ul><li>Societal (economic, anti-technology positions, impact of the No Child Left Behind Act) </li></ul><ul><li>Educational (standards movement, reliance on Internet and distance education, and debate over directed vs. constructivist methods) </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural and equity (Digital Divide, racial and gender equity, special needs) </li></ul><ul><li>Legal and ethical (viruses/hacking, online plagiarism, privacy/safety, copyright, illegal downloads/software piracy) </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ Emerging” Trends in Hardware/Software Development (pg. 23) <ul><li>Wireless connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Merging of technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Developments in portable devices (iPad, Kindle) </li></ul><ul><li>Increasingly high-speed communications (cable, DSL, fiber, satellite) </li></ul><ul><li>Visual immersion systems (virtual reality) </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent applications </li></ul>
  9. 9. New Skills for the Future (pgs. 24-25) <ul><li>The International Society for Technology in Education established the National Educational Technology Skills (NETS) for students, teachers, and administrators. </li></ul><ul><li>These skills will be essential in order to take advantage of emerging technology capabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic portfolios used to demonstrate technology and other skills. </li></ul>