First, let’s look at the history of symbol-making and the book.
There is an old saying that “a picture is worth a thousand words.” This was certainly true for cultures that had no written language.
Pictures served to tell the stories they felt were important to record.
The stories recorded important events and personal stories
Though we do not know for certain what the meaning of the early rock art was, it seems safe to assume that some served religious purposes.
Early alphabets evolved from early pictograms, or pictures which represented things or ideas.
Images incised into the rock surface are called petroglyphs.
To ancient Egyptians, reaching the afterlife depended upon living a good life and having perfect burial arrangements. For important people who could afford it, a “Book of the Dead” was produced to help them make a successful transition to the afterlife.
Egyptian artworks depended heavily on symbolic images.
Sometime around 400 AD, the Greeks developed a simplified alphabet. Many Greeks and Romans were able to read, and the wealthy had libraries in their homes. Books were completely handmade, one at a time. Some of the books were lavishly lettered and decorated. These are called “Illuminated Manuscripts.”
A “Book of Hours” was individually made for a lay people who was a very religious Christian. The book typically included a set of psalms which would be recited or sung,
Vellum was made from the skins of calf, lamb or kid. It was used before paper became widely available.
Breviaries were liturgical books containing public prayers, hymns, psalms and readings for everyday use, usually for priests.
Paper had also been invented in China in 105 AD and had reached Europe through trade routes. By the 1400s when Gutenberg invented his press, paper was commonly used instead of parchment (vellum, made from goatskin).
Illustrations add impact to creative writing.
Continuous Narration is often used in children’s books because little text is needed.
Book designers use specific fonts, colors, borders and other elements to visually tie all of the various parts into an integrated whole.
Varying perspective requires imaginative reading of the text, and can keep the book visually interesting.
Another perspective from the same book.
Simple line drawings can be very effective and are often used as cartoons.
Line art can also be elegant and dramatic.
Switching to a dark background adds interest.
Simplicity can be very effective.
This piece uses color and diagonal lines to create a sense of motion and a dark, cold mood.
Creating books with no text are a challenge to an artist.
http://art.pppst.com/arthistory.html info on slides 45-56 by Amy
Cave Painting, Lascaux, France, 20,000 years old
Cave Painting, Lascaux, France
20,000 years old
Eagle Ranch Cave Painting, Australia
4000 years old
500AD – 1500AD
Illustration from the Papyrus of Ani
Ani and his wife bow, while the god Anubis
weighs Ani’s heart against the feather of truth.
Papyrus of Nany, a woman in her seventies, chantress of Amun-Re.
She holds her mouth and eyes in her hand, while her heart is weighed.
“Book of Kells”
Four Gospels with
Ireland, c. 800 AD
“Hours of Simon de Varie,” Illuminated by Jean Fouquet
Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, & iron gall ink on parchment,
covered with red morocco (soft goatskin leather). French, 1455 AD
“Book of Hours,” 167 leaves of vellum
Valencia, Spain, c. 1460
Breviary belonging to Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots
Her notes can be seen in the margins
Late 1400s AD
“Poliphilo’s Dream about the Strife of Love” by Colonna
Woodcut illustrations with printed text, Venice, 1499
Illustrations can be
used to add information
to scientific or
“Large as Life,
Text by Joanna Cole
digital artwork is
often used to
Text is frequently
treated as a
Illustrations can be used to
provide conceptual images.
“Effigia okeefeae,” related to
the forbears of modern
National Geographic, March
Illustrations can add a great
deal to Creative Writing.
In the late 1800s, illustrators
created images full of action
for novels and historical
“On the Irrawaddy”
by G.A. Henty, 1896
“Five Little Peppers & How They Grew,” by Margaret Sidney, 1881
How do YOU illustrate?
• Follow a process of brainstorming steps
1.Think of ideas
2.Sketch at least 2 ideas. You ideas may vary
by story, point of view, angle, characters
3.Pick your favorite idea
4.Sketch it in pencil
5.Paint, color, trace with dark pen etc.
Let’s look at some modern
• Think about the different ways in which the
illustrator could have drawn the picture
• How can you use their ideas to make your
all at once.and a sloth.
“The Country Bunny and
the Little Golden Shoes,”
by Du Bose Heyward,
Illustrated by Marjorie
An extension of what is
“The Day Jimmy’s Boa
Ate the Wash”
by Trinka Hakes Noble
Illustration by Steven
Hinting at an event which has
not happened in the story yet
“Raggedy Ann and Andy and
the Wishing Pebble”
Illustrated by Cathy Beylon
“There’s a Nightmare in My
Written and illustrated by
Simple or elaborate, they tie the pages together as a whole.
Perspective Visual interest can be added by varying the viewpoint.
“The Glassmakers of
Written by Marlys
Illustrated by Joe
Objects or animals
portrayed as human
Illustrated by Arthur
Facsimile of 1912 edition
Your Project Choices
• You can choose ONE of the following
projects as inspiration.
• Inspiration means you want to create
something similar idea and/or theme; NOT
Your Project: TO-DO
1. Choose your winter card project packet
2. Read ALL of the directions
3. Complete 2 sketches on scratch paper
4. Follow the directions in your packet
5. When finished put all wet artwork on the
drying rack, give all dry artwork to Ms. J.
** If you want to add/change directions for
your project ask Ms. J. first. **