Poetry Terms To Know


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Poetry Terms To Know

  1. 1. Poetry Terms to Know Some are a review some are new Each will help you With the work you do
  2. 2. Playing with the sounds of word…. Rhythm, Repetition, Alliteration, Assonance, Onomatopoeia
  3. 3. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>A word that imitates the sound it represents </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Zip </li></ul><ul><li>Bang </li></ul><ul><li>Boom </li></ul><ul><li>Chirp </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rhythm <ul><li>The pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: See the website for more explaination and multiple examples </li></ul><ul><li>www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/meter.html </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rhyme <ul><li>External Rhyme- Word endings that sound alike at the end of lines </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I love School </li></ul><ul><li> It is cool </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Rhyme- word endings that sound alike within a line </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I went on a trip in a ship far far away </li></ul>
  6. 6. Assonance Alliteration <ul><li>Repeated vowel sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Example- “How now, brown cow” </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words </li></ul><ul><li>Example – Dandy Dancing Dog </li></ul>
  7. 7. Playing with the meaning of words… Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Hyperbole, Symbol
  8. 8. Metaphors and Similes <ul><li>Metaphor -A comparison between 2 unlike things that does not use like or as </li></ul><ul><li>Simile- A comparison between 2 unlike things that uses like or as </li></ul><ul><li>“ You're a midsummer's dream under a star-soaked sky. </li></ul><ul><li>That peaceful easy feelin' at the end of a long, long road. </li></ul><ul><li>You're like coming home; </li></ul><ul><li>You're like coming home, all right.” </li></ul><ul><li>by Lonestar </li></ul>
  9. 9. Personification <ul><li>Giving non-human things human characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The sun danced across the sky on the hot summer day. </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves raced to the ground </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hyperbole <ul><li>Exaggeration used for effect </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He has a brain the size of a pea </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul>
  11. 11. Symbol <ul><li>A person, place or object that stands for something beyond its literal meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples = Being Married </li></ul><ul><li>= America </li></ul>
  12. 12. Playing with the images of words Imagery- the use of vivid language to generate ideas and/or emotion with the five senses.
  13. 13. Poetic Form Couplet, Meter, Rhyme Scheme and Stanza
  14. 14. Couplet <ul><li>A Rhymed pair of lines in a poem </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Listen, my children and you shall hear </li></ul><ul><li>of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,…” </li></ul><ul><li>from “Paul Revere’s Ride” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow </li></ul>
  15. 15. Meter <ul><li>The regular pattern of accented and unaccented syllables. Although all poems have rhythm not all poems have a regular meter. </li></ul><ul><li>Please check this website for examples </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm and Meter in English Poetry </li></ul>
  16. 16. Rhyme Scheme <ul><li>The pattern of end rhyme in a poem. The pattern is charted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with the letter a, to each line. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Up in the sky a </li></ul><ul><li>I see a cloud b </li></ul><ul><li>I like to fly a </li></ul><ul><li>I listen closely c </li></ul><ul><li>I do not hear a sound b </li></ul>
  17. 17. Stanza <ul><li>A grouping of two or more lines. A stanza is comparable to a paragraph in prose. Each stanza ma have the same number of lines or the number of lines may vary. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “Choices” by Nikki Giovanni </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click below to see how there are 5 stanza’s and each include a different number of lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nikki Giovanni </li></ul></ul>