Africa 1. One of the reasons for the
diversity of cultures found in
Africa is the diversity of
geography. Identify and
describe the different
geographic regions found in
• Anthropologists and Archeologists
have found evidence that early life
began in East Africa.
• Mary and Louis Leakey and
Donald Johanson found evidence
that the earliest people migrated
from East Africa.
The Bantu Migrations
What is the significance of the Bantu migrations?
• Also called Kush
• Traded gold, ivory, slaves, iron
• Economy depended and grew
• rich through trade
The land of Gold
Eventually taken over by Mali
Mali Greatest ruler was Mansa Musa
He insured peace and order throughout his kingdom
Musa’s hajj facilitated trade and cultural diffusion
His caravan was so elaborate it reflected the wealth of
Under his leadership Timbuktu became a center for
learning and knowledge
They followed traditional polytheistic views until Askia
Muhammad converted the empire to Islam.
Schools and Mosques were built throughout the
The empire dissolved as a result of invaders with
advanced weapons and disagreement over
Mansa Musa Mansa Musa captured the attention of the Arab world when
he left his home in the West African kingdom of Mali to
make a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324. Unlike his
grandfather Sundiata, Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim.
A Muslim is a person who practices Islam. Islamic law
requires that all faithful Muslims make a hajj, or holy visit,
to the city on the Arabian Peninsula where Islam
Think about the African civilizations examined in this
lesson. What do these civilizations have in common?
How do they differ? What was their economy
dependent upon and did they interact with each other?