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Innovation,knowledge management & productivity laxammal college,chennai jan 14

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Innovation, Knowledgemanagement and Productivity

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Innovation,knowledge management & productivity laxammal college,chennai jan 14

  1. 1. Wishing You All A Very Happy & Prosperous New Year 2014 Your Academic & Professional Well-wisher Prof. K. Subramanian
  2. 2. “Innovation, Knowledge  Management & Productivity : Importance in the Arena of Big Data and Cloud computing" Prof. K. Subramanian SM(IEEE), SMACM, FIETE, SMCSI,MAIMA,MAIS,MCFE,M(ISACA)USA Academic Advocate ISACA USA) in India Life Visiting Professor, Commonwealth Open University (UK) Professor & Former Director, Advanced Center for Informatics & Innovative Learning (ACIIL), IGNOU HON.TT Adviser to CAG of India Ex-DDG(NIC), Min of Communications & Information Technology Former President, Cyber Society of India Founder President, eInformation Systems Security Audit Association (eISSA), India Laxmiammal Engineering College Lecture Chennai , 3rd January, 2014
  3. 3. What is Innovation Develop an idea that can be of social and/or commercial use to mankind 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 3 3
  4. 4. 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 4 4
  5. 5. Sushrutha / Charaka Kanad _ atomics 10/7/2013 Yoga Bhaskara _ algebra Nagarjuna_Che mistry JC Bose Wireless communicatio n 1894 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day Bharadwaj _ Aviation Archimedes 5 5
  6. 6. INTERNET Timothy B Lee Where are you India ? CELL PHONE Martin Cooper 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 6 6
  7. 7. 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 7 7
  8. 8. Macaulay 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 8 8
  9. 9. Formal Degree matters ?           Ratan Tata ◦ BS Architecture (62) / Adv Mgmnt Prog Harvard (75) Mukesh Ambani ◦ BE Chemical, 1 yr (of 2) MBA Stanford Anil Ambani ◦ MBA Deepak Parekh (HDFC) – CA Kumar Mangalam Birla – CA. MBA Narayana Murthy – BE(univ of Mysore), Mtech Anand Mahindra – MBA Stanford, Film Making Aziz Premji – Engineering Degree, Stanford Shiv Nadar – E&C Degree in Engg, Coimbatore Rahul Bhatia – Indigo – Bachelors in Electrical Engg 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 9 9
  10. 10. 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 10 10
  11. 11. •India has tremendous strengths to leverage knowledge for its development •Large critical mass of highly trained persons •Great strengths in ICT •Great potential in innovation •However, it is not fully realizing this potential •Problems with the enabling environment •Lack of unifying vision and coordination to move on multiple fronts together to exploit potential 11 11
  12. 12. Data point According to the Competitiveness Index of the World Economic Forum, India ranks 4th in terms of the number of scientists and engineers available.  But it slips to 22nd when ranked by quality of scientific research.  It further slips to 28th when ranked by innovative potential.  10/7/2013 12 12
  13. 13. 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 13 13
  14. 14. 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 14 14
  15. 15. 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 15 15
  16. 16. …when local universities provide a strong model for tomorrow’s leaders.. 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 16 16
  17. 17. While universities are the greatest source of technological innovation, there is a gap between university and industry… 17 17
  18. 18. That you can learn, practice it to perfection Skill That you keep repeating, Even unconsciously Habit 18 18
  19. 19. What to Innovate? 19 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. Value Chain, Eco-system Wal-Mart, Dell Business model Faster, Better, Cheaper – Fast food delivery Process Glass staircase Your Innovation None of your business Finance, Billing, Customer service – Payment gateway, ATM Everything else Ipad, Appstore, Opensource Products & Services Features, New applications, New products, New services 21
  22. 22.   Companies re-define the priorities of business by demonstrating that the most important aspect of any company, large or small, is not always its material goods but the knowledge and expertise of its workers and the information held across the organization “Companies… have a hard time distinguishing between the cost of paying people and the value of investing in them.” Thomas A. Stewart Editor of the Harvard Business Review; former member of the Board of Editors of Fortune Magazine; and one of the “Fifty Most Influential Management Thinkers” 12/31/13 12/31/13 22
  23. 23.  knowledge, innovation and creativity are on the leading edge of the business landscape. How well leaders understand and strategically invest in intellectual capital to transform their organizations is already separating the "winners" from other, less successful organizations. 12/31/13 12/31/13 23
  24. 24. “Of central importance is the changing nature of competitive advantage – not based on market position, size and power as in times past, but on the incorporation of knowledge into all of an organization’s activities.  Prof. Leif Edvinsson  The worlds first Corporate Director of Intellectual Capital, bringing the value of knowledge to the investment community  12/31/13 12/31/13 24
  25. 25. Knowledge Navigation  Ignorance Management  Longitude Leadership  12/31/13 12/31/13 25
  26. 26.  Most management theory focuses on defining a desired end state, identifying the gap between that and the present and then seeking to close that gap.  This approach has dominated process-based approaches (the ideal future outcome) and learning organization approaches (the idea future values) alike.  Ten years on since the effective start of knowledge management as a recognizable management discipline, we are starting to realize that the unexpected is more likely to occur than any planned outcome and that planning can lead to a reduced capability to respond to opportunities as they arise.   “We always know more than we can say; we always say more than we can write down.” Dave Snowden  Founder and Chief Scientific Officer of Cognitive Edge 12/31/13 12/31/13 26
  27. 27.    The decision support framework which lies at the heart of the approach has been recognized by several commentators as one of the first practical applications of complexity theory to management science and builds on earlier pioneering work in knowledge management. 12/31/13 12/31/13 27
  28. 28. Caring more than others think is Wise Risking more than others think is safe Dreaming more than others think is Practical Expecting more than others think is Possible  Imagining the Unimagined  Reaching the Un-reached  Empowering Workforce using ICE Technologies     12/31/13 12/31/13 28
  29. 29. EVOLUTION OF SOCIETIES ECONOMIC GROWTH Raw material and Agricultural Products Industrial Products Information Products Innovation Natural Products Innovative knowledgeIntensive Products/Services Explicit Knowledge through networks Productivity ddition alue A V Knowledge Products Explicit Knowledge (Technology) added Products SOCIETAL TRANSFORMATION Knowledge Society Agriculture Society Industrial Society Information Society 12/31/13 12/31/13 29
  30. 30. KNOWLEDGE POWERED SOCIETY SOCIETAL TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY • IT & Comn. • Biotechnology • Aerospace Tech. • Smart Materials • • • • • • • Tele Education Tele Medicine E-Governance, E-Commerce Infotainment Native Knowledge Products Environment & Ecology Agriculture Productivity NATION’S SECURITY • Ocean • Employment Gen. • High Productivity • High Industrial Growth • Empowerment of Weaker Sections • Networked and Transparent Society • Rural Prosperity • Intelligent & Autonomous Weapons • Related to Service Sector WEALTH GENERATION • Knowledge Sensors • S/w dominated High Tech. products • Info Warfare Knowledge based Systems & Products • Dominant Battlefield Knowledge 12/31/13 12/31/13 30
  31. 31. creation of technologies (~IPR Divide), diffusion of recent innovations (~digital divide),  diffusion of old innovations (~extension divide) and  diffusion of human skills (~educational divide)   12/31/13 12/31/13 31
  32. 32. New Environmental Changes  Space: Real Space (Physical) Cyber Space (Electronic) Ubiquitous Space (Cross Space)  Time: Local Time Global time (Need) through Real-time Systems  (Communication) Speed: Mbps Gbps Tbps (Tera: 1012) Pbps (Peta: 1015) ( Velocity of Light)  Media: Analog Digital Hybrid  System:Centralized DistributedIntegrated 12/31/13 12/31/13 32
  33. 33. ICT has changed many things around People  Appliances +Objects Locally  Remotely Fixed  Mobile Wired  Wireless Many persons, one computer Fewer persons per computer One person per computer One person, few computer One person, many computer!! Era of Ubiqu itous 12/31/13 12/31/13 33
  34. 34. 4th Wave of Environmental Changes …"a new way of thinking about computers in the world, one that takes into account the natural human environment," Mark Weiser (1952-99, Palo Alto Research Center of Xerox Co.) hoped to create a new world in which people interacted with and used computers without thinking about them…. 1st Wave Primitive Society 2nd Wave Agricultural Society Agricultural Revolution (During Several Thousands Years) 3rd Wave Industrial Society Industrial Revolution (During Several Hundreds Years) 4th Wave Information Society Information Revolution (During Several Decades) Ubiquitous Society Integrated Space Revolution (During Several Years) Intelligent Integration of Physical Space and Cyber Space by Ubiquitous Technology 12/31/13 12/31/13 34
  35. 35. New Trends of Knowledge Workforce (1) Openning of labor market and workforce mobility (2) Reengineering systems for adjustment against technological environment changes, and consideration of Global demands and employment. 12/31/13 12/31/13 35
  36. 36. (3) Creating and pursuing new Global trends with technology evolution such as           6T (IT, BT, NT, ET, CT and ST) Digital Cocooning, Insperience (Indoor + Experience), Web Identity (Avata, MiniHome,…), Consumption Curator, Ubitizen (Ubiquitous + Citizen), DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting), TPS (Triple Play Service: Internet+Tel+Broadcat) Grid Computing Ubiquitous Technology 12/31/13 12/31/13 36
  37. 37. (4) Creating and pursuing new Global trends in Works, Workforce and Workplace such as      Freeter (Free + Arbeiter), Increasing freelancers as telecommuters Unstable professionals :MD, Lawyers, CPA, Mobilization of workforce across national borders Advent Pan-Asia as a Super Growth Block  Japan: Global Leadership with Future-based High-tech in Media, Robot, Biotech  Rep. of Korea: Electronics, Car Manufacturing, Steel Production, Semiconductors with strong IT infra  Taiwan: Strong Small Medium Industry  China: Rapid Growth Rate[9%], Right Wing of Super Growth Block  India: Rapid Growth Rate[7-8%], Left Wing of Super Growth Block  ASEAN: Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, ……. 12/31/13 12/31/13 37
  38. 38. 1.1 Knowledge workers are the new capitalists  Toffler(1990) observed that a typical knowledge workers (i.e. all R&D scientists and engineers as well as technology managers) in the age of knowledge economy and knowledge society, must have some system (processes or methodology at their disposal) to create, process and enhance their own technological knowledge and in some cases also manage those of other co-workers. 12/31/13 12/31/13 38
  39. 39. 1.2 Knowledge workers in digital workplaces   The knowledge workforce development for Computer Supported Collaborative Work (CSCW) environments with particular reference to knowledge workforce mobility across the Globe & opening up of the labor markets The collaborative work in digital workplaces with emphasis on multicultural environments set new dimensions for the workers and the multinational organizations. 12/31/13 12/31/13 39
  40. 40.    The workers in the Information era, can work anywhere with electronic connectivity and can work under flexible time schedules. They are required to be innovative, learn quickly and continuously, work collaboratively, and be comfortable with experimentation and risk taking. The main three components of the collaborated work environment in the IT oriented work place are digital work, digital workplaces, and digital workforce. 12/31/13 12/31/13 40
  41. 41.  CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work) holds great promise for the organizations through infusion of teamwork, effective networking and creating multilateral work environments Digital Workforce CSCW CSCW Digital Workplace Digital Work 12/31/13 12/31/13 41
  42. 42.  • • The platform of the Internet, and low-cost connectivity, the thing that is driving the most change is the improvement of the software that sits on top of that platform The technological oriented workforce is becoming available which is willing to use technology More collaboration, availability of information for 24 hours, and collaboration among organizations are some of the recent trends at the workplaces 12/31/13 12/31/13 42
  43. 43. Economic Transformation One World of Business Competition in a Shrinking Workforce Workplac e Trends Managers and the Workforce Always on Always Connected Transparent Organization 12/31/13 12/31/13 43
  44. 44. Unified Communicatio n Improving Personal Productivity Insight and Structured Workflow Spotting Trends for Business Intelligence Presence Digital Work Style Optimizing Supply Chains Team Collaboration Finding the Right Information 12/31/13 12/31/13 44
  45. 45. Digital Workforce 12/31/13 12/31/13 45
  46. 46. CSCW taxonomy can easily be understood from the following matrix: Asynchronous • • Same Place • • • • • Distributed • • • Project scheduling In/Out board Calendar system Voice mail Email Email Discussion boards Web pages Shared documents FTP/ Shared drive Synchronous • • • • • • • • LAN Networked games Whiteboards Software demonstrations Chat rooms Net meeting Video conference Online games 12/31/13 12/31/13 46
  47. 47.      Own the means of Production Totally Portable and Carry Enormous Value(ASSET) Organization Need them than they need the Organization Jobs Needs them Convert this knowledge into Performance Productivity & increase the Capacity of the Organization Knowledge Workers     Carry valuable Experience Knowledge grown with experience Useful only at their Place of Work They need a Job Manual Workers 12/31/13 12/31/13 47
  48. 48. Knowledge Workers & Manual Workers 12/31/13 12/31/13 48
  49. 49. More diagnostics before operation During Operation tackling emergency situation if arises with speed, accuracy and right Judgment But  Surgery is a manual procedural work  Repetitive  Speed  Accustomed to Uniformity Operations are studied, organized, learned & Practiced.   kerala lectures june 13, KM 12/31/13 12/31/13 49
  50. 50. Is the only way of keeping competitive edge in the networked economy 12/31/13 12/31/13 50
  51. 51.     Needs continuous work restructuring and made part of the workflow system Standardization of tools and equipment to obtain the highest quality at the lowest cost Build Quality Control in the work flow System Overcoming the resistance ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦  From middle Level of Management Change in task Changes in the organization Changes in the measurements Change in attitudes are needed for full effectiveness. How to Begin: ◦ Requires change in the basic attitude of the worker and the Organization 12/31/13 12/31/13 51
  52. 52. Prof. ks@2014 Chennai Lecture, Jan 3,2014 kerala lectures june 13, KM 12/31/13 12/31/13 52
  53. 53. Create  Nourish  Sustain  Retain  Encourage  12/31/13 12/31/13 53
  54. 54. Can either be bought or can be Sold  They do not come with Merger & Acquisition  Greatest inherent Value rather than Market Value  12/31/13 12/31/13 54
  55. 55.  Cost ◦ Reduced ◦ Controlled  Assets ◦ To Grow and Nurture 12/31/13 12/31/13 55
  56. 56. Changing Perception of treating a worker as a Cost to an Asset to the Enterprise 12/31/13 12/31/13 56
  57. 57.       Productivity demand what is the task? KW should manage themselves—they have to have more autonomy Continuing Innovation should be part of Work Continuous Learning & Continuous Teaching is the requirement Productivity is not only the Quantity of Output but also the Quality of Output Enterprise should treat KW as Assets rather than Cost. 12/31/13 12/31/13 57
  58. 58. To cover all type of Employees  Must attract, hold and make productive people and develop long-term relationship, knowledge.  Outside information-gather, analyze and filter and use & reuse.  Spot, Pat & Develop Change Agents  Big Ideas-Fuse, Infuse & Diffuse  12/31/13 12/31/13 58
  59. 59.  Too much Creativity  results in anarchy  Too much command & control  Kills Creativity  We Need a Balancing Act 12/31/13 12/31/13 59
  60. 60. World is moving towards Economy of Knowledge from Economy of Goods 12/31/13 12/31/13 60
  61. 61. Cloud computing Model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources 12/31/13 61
  62. 62. Cloud computing Model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources 12/31/13 62
  63. 63. 2 Ongoing Innovation Unified Governance Platform Internal Audit Management Financial Controls Management Operational Risk Management Policy & Compliance Management IT Risk & Compliance Management Vendor Management Business Continuity Planning Single Platform Meeting Business Requirement of CIO, CISO, CRO, CCO & CAO 63 12/31/13 63
  64. 64. Environmental Issues Big Data and Analytics gives Solutions
  65. 65. WMO’s Initiatives The Global Observing System (GOS) which provides observations of the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface (including oceans) from the globe and from outer space. The GOS uses remote sensing equipment placed on satellites, aircraft, radios and relay data to environment control centres.  The Global Telecommunication System (GTS) — radio and telecommunication networks for real-time exchange of a huge volume of data between meteorological 12/31/13  10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 65 65
  66. 66. Recommendations for Measuring, Monitoring and Managing Climate & Environmental Change for Sustainable Development The ICT sector, the Education sector and the Media must take an active role in disseminating information not only about the role of ICTs in mitigating climate change but also about the need for every person to reduce emissions of GHGs into the atmosphere.  Educational institutions must include climate change in their curriculum from the lowest level possible to the highest level.  ICT sector should develop affordable software tools that can measure the carbon 66 66 12/31/13 10/7/2013 PHD chamber's Lecture on World habitat Day 
  67. 67. Recommendations for Measuring, Monitoring and Managing Climate & Environmental Change for Sustainable Development    Governments should enact policies which make it mandatory for companies to use some of the strategies proposed like teleworking, use of plastic money, e-commerce, e-agriculture, etc. The solutions are e-commerce, virtual meetings and remote working, smart grid, smart motor systems, smart buildings, smart transportation, and dematerialization Countries ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) must provide periodic country reports that include data on climate, climate change and climate change effects, and also details of the adaptive, mitigative and monitoring initiatives the country is implementing or is planning to implement. Effective monitoring and reporting (M&R) systems to collect all the different types of data from a wide variety of stakeholders are required in order to produce country reports and to develop climate change policies and plans. 12/31/13 67
  68. 68. ICT to Mitigate Climate Change 1. infrastructure innovation which focuses on reducing energy consumption and Green House gases (GHGs). 2. Behavioral change and green enablement.- focuses on the need for global measurement and tracking of carbon reduction, as well as tools that impact positive behavioral change including software tools for measuring carbon footprint, and the use of innovative technologies and opportunities that reduce travel and transportation, such as those for virtual meetings, telecommuting, and on-line services (e.g. online-learning, eHealth, eTourism, eTaxation, eBanking and e-Agriculture).  3. Energy efficiency of ICT products and solutions-adopting green computing- computing which is basically environmentally sustainable computing. It has already been indicated that ICTs’ contribution to climate change is 2 %. This contribution must be monitored because the public will judge the whole sector as environmentally unfriendly if the sector does not address its own carbon footprint. First, this would impact ICT’s credibility. Second, the rapid increase and penetration of ICT products can, if no action is taken, result in increased energy demand (World Economic Forum, n.d.). The solutions are e-commerce, virtual meetings and remote working, smart grid, smart motor systems, smart buildings, smart transportation, and dematerialization 12/31/1368 68
  69. 69. Innovations for Environmental Management & Green InitiativesGreen Initiatives Industrial Sectors Breaking the Barriers Building & Construction Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry Air-conditioning and Refrigeration Industry Aerospace Industry Materials Production and Manufacturing Industry Electronics Industry Energy and Utility Industry Machine Tool Industry Thermal Industry Leather & Tanning Industry Transportation Industry Automotive Industry Healthcare Industry Education Industry Government Industry etc Intelligent Buildings and solar Energy Pollution control New gas usage and New coolants New fuel standards to reduce carbon particles and air pollution New materials development and usage New semiconductor materials and e-waste management Clean Energy Initiatives New Coolants and Coolant's Management Heat radiation and control measures New Processes Clean fuel usage and New technologies adoption Hospital waste management and BIO waste control Climate control and climate change management New curriculum development at all levels of education New Policy INITIATIVES AND Global Standards adoption and Good practices guidelines and Enforcement Better natural resources balancing and management 12/31/13 69
  70. 70. Five Innovations Set to Transform Lives in the Future
  71. 71. Innovations Potential to change the way people work, live and interact during the next five years The classroom will learn you  Buying local will beat online  Doctors will routinely use your DNA to keep you well  A digital guardian will protect you online  The city will help you live in it  12/31/13 71
  72. 72. 2014 Forecasts    A new era of cognitive systems where machines will learn, reason and engage with us in a more natural and personalized way. These innovations are beginning to emerge enabled by cloud computing, big data analytics and learning technologies all coming together, with the appropriate privacy and security considerations, for consumers, citizens, students and patients. IBM 5-in-5 Forecast 2014 12/31/13 72
  73. 73. Advances in Computers & Computing   Computers will get smarter and more customized through interactions with data, devices and people, helping us take on what may have been seen as unsolvable problems by using all the information that surrounds us and bringing the right insight or suggestion to our fingertips right when it’s most needed. A new era in computing will lead to breakthroughs that will amplify human abilities, assist us in making good choices, look out for us and help us navigate our world in powerful new ways. 12/31/13 73
  74. 74. Transformations Possible!  “By creating technology that is explicitly designed to learn and enhance our cognition we will usher in a new era of progress for both individuals and for society at large.” Dr. Dario Gil, Director, Cognitive Experience Lab, IBM  12/31/13 74
  75. 75. The classroom will learn you    Big Data Analytics & Learning Technologies The number of individuals who don’t have a sufficient education is a major global challenge. Estimates show that, on a global basis, nearly 2 out of every 3 adults have not achieved the equivalent of a high school education. What if a student could go through their entire stages of education and master the skills critical to meeting their personal goals in life? The classroom of the future will give educators the tools to learn about every student, providing them with a tailored curriculum from kindergarten to high school and on to employment. In the next five years the classroom will learn about each student using longitudinal data such as test scores, attendance and student’s behavior on e-learning platforms, not just aptitude tests. Sophisticated analytics delivered over the cloud will provide decision support to teachers so they can predict students who are most at risk, their roadblocks, and then suggest measures to help students conquer their challenges based on their individual learning style. IBM scientists are already getting to work in the classroom. In a first-of-a-kind research project with Gwinnett County Public Schools, the 14th largest school district in the US, IBM will leverage big data analytics and learning technologies for population analysis of longitudinal student records. The project aims to identify similarities of learning, predict performance and learning needs, then align specific content and successful teaching techniques to improve outcomes for each of the district’s 170,000 students and ultimately increase the district's graduation rate. 12/31/13 75
  76. 76. Buying local will beat online     Shopping online is a national past time. Online sales topped $1 trillion worldwide for the first time last year, and are growing faster than in-store sales. Online stores currently have an advantage in their ability to learn from the choices we make on the web. Today, most physical stores are limited to the insights they can gain at the point of sale – and the trend of showrooming is making it harder to compete with online retailers who compete solely on price. In five years, new innovations will make buying local du jour once again. Savvy retailers will use the immediacy of the store and proximity to customers to create experiences that cannot be replicated by online-only retail. They will magnify the digital experience by bringing the web right to where the shopper can physically touch it. In five years, retailers could rely on Watson-like technologies to equip sales associates to be expert about every product in the store. With technologies such as augmented reality and the recently announced plan to open Watson as an app development platform, IBM is providing shoppers’ with better in-store browsing and buying experiences. As mobile devices supported by cloud computing enable individuals to share what makes them tick, their health or nutritional needs, virtual closets, social networks, retailers will soon be able to anticipate with incredible accuracy the products a shopper most wants and needs. As a result, stores will transform into immersive destinations with experiences customized for each individual. And given their proximity and multiple footprints, stores will be able to offer shoppers a variety of fast pick-up or delivery options, wherever the customer is. Two day shipping will feel like snail mail. 12/31/13 76
  77. 77. SMART HEALTHCARE Using Cloud, Genomics, Analytics Doctors will routinely use your DNA to keep you well  Cancer is a complicated disease and despite tremendous advances in research and treatment, cancer incidences have risen more than 10 percent since 2008, striking more than 14 million patients and claiming the lives of 8.1 million every year around the world. Imagine if treatment could be more specific and precise – where computers could help doctors understand how a tumor affects a patient down to their DNA and present a collective set of medications shown to best attack the cancer.  In five years, advances in big data analytics and emerging cloud-based cognitive systems coupled with breakthroughs in genomic research and testing could help doctors to accurately diagnose cancer and create personalized cancer treatment plans for millions of patients around the world. Smart machines will take the output of full genome sequencing and scour vast repositories of medical records and publications to learn and quickly provide specific and actionable insights on treatment options for oncologists. Cancer care, personalized right down to a genomic level, has been on the horizon since scientists first sequenced the human genome, but few clinicians have access to the tools and time to assess the insights available at this level. Within five years, cloud-based cognitive systems could make such personalized medicine available at a scale and speed never before possible. IBM is beginning to explore this opportunity, working with health care partners to develop systems that could deliver genomic insights and reduce the time it takes to find the right treatment for a patient from weeks and months to days and minutes. These systems are destined to get even smarter over time by learning about people, their genomic information and response to drugs – opening up the possibility to provide DNA-specific personalized treatment options for conditions such as stroke and heart disease. Through the cloud, smarter healthcare could scale to reach more people in more locations, while also giving a global community of healthcare providers access to vital information.  12/31/13 77
  78. 78. A digital Guardian will Protect you online       Today we have multiple IDs and devices than ever before, yet security is highly fragmented, leaving us vulnerable. In 2012 there were more than 12 million victims of identity fraud in the United States. Traditional approaches to security — passwords, anti-virus or a firewall - are not comprehensive. These rules-based approaches fall short in several ways – they are designed to recognize only known viruses or known fraudulent activity and typically only look at a single source of data. In five years, each of us could be protected with our own digital guardian that will become trained to focus on the people and items it is entrusted with, offering a new level of identity theft protection. Security will assimilate contextual, situational and historical data to verify a person’s identity on different devices. By learning about users, a digital guardian can make inferences about what’s normal or reasonable activity and what’s not, acting as an advisor when they want it to. Today, Scientists are using machine learning technologies to understand the behaviors of mobile devices on a network in order to assess potential risk. In the future, security is going to become more agile and contextual with a 360 degree of data, devices and applications, ready to spot deviations that could be precursors to an attack and a stolen identity. 12/31/13 78
  79. 79. The City will help you live in it      Technology, Citizen Driven Governments By 2030, the towns and cities of the developing world will make up 80 percent of urban humanity and by 2050, seven out of every 10 people will be a city dweller. In five years smarter cities understand in real time how billions of events occur as computers learn to understand what people need, what they like, what they do, and how they move from place to place. Soon it will be possible for cities and their leaders to understand and digest new information freely provided by citizens, knowing which city resources are needed, where and when, so the city can dynamically optimize around the needs of the citizens. Mobile devices and social engagement will enable citizens to strike up a relationship with their city leaders. This concept is already in motion, for example, in Brazil, IBM researchers are working on a crowdsourcing tool that allows users to report accessibility problems, via their mobile phones, to help people with disabilities better navigate challenges in urban streets. While in Uganda, UNICEF is collaborating with IBM on a social engagement tool http://www.research.ibm.com/articles/textual-analysis-u-report.shtml> that lets youth communicate with their government and community leaders on issues affecting their lives. These types of tools will become commonplace in helping city leaders identify trending concerns or urgent matters and immediately take action where needed. 12/31/13 79
  80. 80. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT : E-MAIL: ksdir@nic.in,;  subramaniank@cag.gov.in; ks@eissa.org ;;  Open for Interaction? ksmanian48@gmai.com  ksmanian48@gmail.com  Tele:91-11-22723557  12/31/13 80

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