Csi taramani lecture jan 14 quality assurance in education


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Quality education for all using Open source tedchno management framework and education governance

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Csi taramani lecture jan 14 quality assurance in education

  1. 1. Assuring Quality Education for ALL A Techno-Management Framework covering Content development, Faculty interaction, Delivery and Governance Using Open source Technology is an Enabler for Sustainable Development India 2014 Prof. K Subramanian SM(IEEE), SMACM, FIETE, FNTF SMCSI,MAIMA,MAIS,MCFE,MISACA(USA) Vice chair, IEEE Delhi section Chair, Technology Management Council, Delhi Section Vice chair, IEEE Computer Society, Delhi Section Vice chair, IEEE Education Society, Delhi Section Member, IEEE Consultant Affinity Group, Delhi section Academic Advocate, ISACA(USA), India Former Professor & Founder Director, Advanced center for Informatics & Innovative Learning, IGNOU EX SR. DDG(NIC), Ministry of Communications & IT AND IT Adviser to CAG of India Former President, Cyber society of India Emeritus President, eInformation systems, security audit association, India
  2. 2. Current Indian Education Scenario “Over-regulated and Under-Governed”  The ‘not-for profit’ nature of the $40bn formal IES has deterred forprofit private participation while inability to transform education into a ‘process-driven’ model curtails scalability in non-formal IES ($10bn).  Investment rests on 4Cs –  Players with Credibility (management intent & ability),  Capital (built to last),  Creativity (to ‘manage’ the overregulated environment)  Content (to differentiate and build annuity)  IES – the ‘Largest’…inefficiencies the ‘Highest’:  the largest capitalized space in India with $30bn of government spend (3.7% of GDP; at global average),  a large network of ~1m schools and 18,000 higher education institutes.  Yet, the public education system is ‘insufficient’ and ‘inefficient’, leading education-hungry and affluent Indians to spend $50bn on private education (14% CAGR over FY08-12E). IDFC-SKSI Report, Jan 2009 2
  3. 3. Current Indian Education Scenario “Over-regulated and Under-Governed”  Formal IES:  A Poor Regulatory Framework and Low riskappetite have discouraged for-profit participation and attracted limited capital.. With no structural change in sight (rampant corruption and low political will), is stagnant.  Non-formal IES:  Non-regulated and faster-growing –– fails the scalability test (barring a few pockets). IDFC-SKSI Report, Jan 2009 3
  4. 4. TEN NEW COMMANDMENTS/LAWS IN DIGITAL/NETWORK ECONOMY (e-Economy)) 1. Law of Connections - Embrace Dumb power 2. Law of Plentitude - More gives more 3. Law of Exponential Value - Success is non-linear 4. Law of increasing returns - make virtuous circles 5. Law of Tripping Points - Significance precedes momentum contd.. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 4
  5. 5. TEN NEW COMMANDMENTS/LAWS IN DIGITAL/NETWORK ECONOMY (e-Economy) 6. Law of Inverse pricing - Anticipate the cheap 7. Law of Generosity - Follow the Free 8. Law of Allegiance - For maximum prosperity feed the web first 9. Law of Devolution - Let go at the top 10. Law of Displacement - All transactions and objects will obey the network logic 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 5
  6. 6. The Professional Pyramid Vision Layer Dreamers And Planners Solution Layer Conceptualisers & Designers Technology Value Added Layer “Brick And Mortar” Layer 10/11/2013 Domain Expertise Basic Concepts And Skills Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 6
  7. 7. Change  From        Goal directed Rules focused Hierarchical Vertical Local Procedure Paper oriented 10/11/2013  To        Vision directed Citizen focused Flat, empowered Networked Global Speed Electronic(less paper/paperless) Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 7
  8. 8. The drivers and emerging trends in the Digital/Information age Businesses Media Common Needs Other Governments 10/11/2013 Citizens Community Organizations Employees Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 8 8
  9. 9. These changes impact the fundamental way that organizations compete in the digital/information age. Industrial Age Foundation for Economic Development Digital/Information Age Control of Natural Resources Competitive Advantage Control of Knowledge Protection of Assets/Resources Business Environment Open/Competitive Expansion Rapid (re)invention Increase Scale Regional Geographic Scope Global Labor Intensive Jobs Work Outsourced Process-Related Work Hierarchical Decision Making Collaborative Physical Resources 10/11/2013 Key Assets Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Human Resources, Information & Technical Greater NOIDA Infrastructure 9 9
  10. 10. The Connectivity established by Public Private Empowered Bodies  The Physical Connectivity ◦ ◦ ◦ Ring Road Rail Public Infrastructure           The Economic Connectivity ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Warehouse Agro-Industries Markets Hospital Micro Power Plant Coop. Product Mktg.  The Electronic Connectivity ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 10/11/2013 Telecom Internet E-Governance Tele-medicine Tele-education The Knowledge Connectivity  Schools IRS Imagery for Land & Crop Mgmt Water Mgmt Forest Mgmt Environment Proactive Health care Manufacturing The Spiritual Connectivity   Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Enlightened Citizenship Moral Leadership 10 10
  11. 11. New Environmental Changes  Space: Real Space (Physical)  Cyber Space (Electronic)  Ubiquitous Space (Cross Space)  Time: Local Time  Global time (Need) through Real-time Systems  (Communication) Speed: Mbps  Gbps  Tbps (Tera: 1012)  Pbps (Peta: 1015) (Velocity of Light)  Media: Analog  Digital  Hybrid  System:CentralizedDistributed Integrated 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 11 11
  12. 12. ICT has changed many things around People  Appliances +Objects Locally  Remotely Fixed  Mobile Wired  Wireless Many persons, one computer Fewer persons per computer One person per computer One person, few computer One person, many computer!! 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 12 12
  13. 13. 4th Wave of Environmental Changes …"a new way of thinking about computers in the world, one that takes into account the natural human environment," Mark Weiser (1952-99, Palo Alto Research Center of Xerox Co.) hoped to create a new world in which people interacted with and used computers without thinking about them…. 1st Wave Primitive Society 2nd Wave Agricultural Society Agricultural Revolution (During Several Thousands Years) 3rd Wave Industrial Society Industrial Revolution (During Several Hundreds Years) 4th Wave Information Society Information Revolution (During Several Decades) Ubiquitous Society Integrated Space Revolution (During Several Years) Intelligent Integration of Physical Space and Cyber Space by Ubiquitous Technology 10/11/2013 1/6/201410/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Profks@2014 CSI Lecture FDP Jan,6,2014Prof.KS@2013 Lecture 13 13
  14. 14. Creating and pursuing new Global trends with technology evolution such as           10/11/2013 6T (IT, BT, NT, ET, CT and ST) Digital Cocooning, Insperience (Indoor + Experience), Web Identity (Avata, MiniHome,…), Consumption Curator, Ubitizen (Ubiquitous + Citizen), DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting), TPS (Triple Play Service: Internet+Tel+Broadcat) Grid Computing/Cloud Computing Ubiquitous Technology 14 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 14
  15. 15. A Ubiquitous Network 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 15 15
  16. 16. Creating and pursuing new Global trends in Works, Workforce and Workplace such as      Freeter (Free + Arbeiter), Increasing freelancers as telecommuters Unstable professionals :MD, Lawyers, CPA, Mobilization of workforce across national borders Advent Pan-Asia as a Super Growth Block  Japan: Global Leadership with Future-based High-tech in Media, Robot, Biotech  Rep. of Korea: Electronics, Car Manufacturing, Steel Production, Semiconductors with strong IT infra  Taiwan: Strong Small Medium Industry  China: Rapid Growth Rate[9%], Right Wing of Super Growth Block  India: Rapid Growth Rate[7-8%], Left Wing of Super Growth Block  ASEAN: Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, ……. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 16 16
  17. 17. Workplace Trends by Bill Gate (2005)  The platform of the Internet, and low-cost connectivity, the thing that is driving the most change is the improvement of the software that sits on top of that platform • The technological oriented workforce is becoming available which is willing to use technology • More collaboration, availability of information for 24 hours, and collaboration among organizations are some of the recent trends at the workplaces 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 17 17
  18. 18. Economic Transformation One World of Business Competition in a Shrinking Workforce Workplac e Trends Managers and the Workforce Transparent Organization 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Always on Always Connected 18 18
  19. 19. Unified Communication Improving Personal Productivity Insight and Structured Workflow Presence Digital Work Style Spotting Trends for Business Intelligence Optimizing Supply Chains Team Collaboration Finding the Right Information 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 19 19
  20. 20. Digital Workforce Increasing Collaborative Digital Work in Digital Workplaces supported by Computing systems 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 20 20
  21. 21. GLOBAL SHIFT World is moving towards Economy of Knowledge from Economy of Goods 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 21 21
  22. 22. 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup 22
  23. 23. 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 23
  24. 24. 02/10/09 Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup 24
  25. 25.         Need for more Professional teachers Reskilling and retraining the teachers for new needs and new tools, new technologies for teaching & Learning Retention of teachers New educational delivery systems(Multi Model) Interactive & Integrated Learning systems Continuous improvement of Communication and Presentation Skills Change in Evaluation & Assessment Keep the interest in Learning 02/10/09 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Prof.KS@2009 India R & D 2009: Ict & Innovations 25 25
  26. 26. Let us understand ICT! “The role of technology is to bridge the gulf between availability of information and the ability to use it” Henry Kissinger 1.People & Systems to Collect Data, Generate & Organize Information 2. People & Systems that Disseminate & Communicate Information 3. People & Systems that create value using Information 4. People & Systems that Manage the ICT  Above ICT Model should be contextualized for Quality 26 Education linked to development.
  27. 27. Reaching the Unreached & Fear of Unknown Technology is an enabler, but it is not a substitute for teachers-remove the fear of unknown  Interaction and Delivery system can change  It is not one way delivery of lectures, but it is a integrated interaction between learners & Teachers  Multi-media exposures makes teaching made easier- at the same time, it empowers the teachers & Learners  Teachers & Learners use the same medium of Internet & Web.  Best course notes on any subject made available for knowledge enrichment  10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 27 27
  28. 28. Situation Today Learners Type of  Diverse group INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS  Separated by - space  Separated by-time  Flexible  Possess different-prior  Global in learning skills reach  New educational training needs  Interactive 10/11/2013  Affordable 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 28 28
  29. 29. Address Objectives of Education  To make our graduates EMPLOYABLE.  To be PRODUCTIVE ON THE JOB and in LIFE.  To observe REAL WORLD PROBLEMS, abstract the issues and apply what they have learnt and their innate Foundations, sense to solve them. Concepts, Contextual Skills  Three dimensions of Quality Education  Quality Instruction set in a community driven learning framework 10/11/2013 Professional Competence , Maturity Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Self-development Responsibility, Accountability 29 29
  30. 30. Curriculum- Four Universal Values Communication Problem Solving Working Together Self Learning 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 30 30
  31. 31. To make learning and Knowledge -a social and economic activity  Acquisition of Knowledge -a life long activity  Technology-a solution to demand for learning & create new possibilities to make it happen   Delivering education-demand supply perspective  Re-skilling and retraining employees arising due to economic structural changes creating a new social demand Demand of diverse learners Diversity of goals Diversity of contexts Demand for higher education Renewal of employee skills in service sector Profks@2014 CSI Lecture FDP 02/10/09 10/11/2013 1/6/201410/11/2013 Jan,6,2014Prof.KS@2013 Lecture Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, @GBU, Greater NOIDA Greater NOIDA 31 31
  32. 32. What we need!!!              A New Technology Enabled Robust Framework A strong and quality Assured Delivery system/channel A Digital Repository of Quality Certified Learning Resources (Multi-media, Multi-lingual) Adaptable to the pace and depth of Learning capacity of the learners Language Translation/Transliteration facility is incorporated A good Feedback response system with supported automated workflow and robust database system Multi-modal delivery system depend on the local avaiolability Support to multi-type learning devices/environments A continuous assessment system to assess the learners. Continuous availability of mentors/councilors on demand Local content requirement to be addressed Upload capability of Local contents developed by Learners/teachers A good assessment system of quality of the local contents and constant revision of syllabus to address the local demand 10/11/2013 1/6/201410/11/2013 Profks@2014 CSI Lecture FDP Jan,6,2014Prof.KS@2013 Lecture Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, @GBU, Greater NOIDA Greater NOIDA 32
  33. 33. ODTEL Focus on Quality Education  To make our graduates EMPLOYABLE; to be PRODUCTIVE ON THE JOB and in LIFE.  To observe REAL WORLD PROBLEMS, abstract the issues and apply what they have learnt and their innate sense to solve them. Foundations, Concepts, Contextual Skills Professional Competence, Maturity Self-development Responsibility, Accountability 10/11/2013  IOCG: ProposedProf.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Course Guide 33 Integrated Open Greater NOIDA
  34. 34. Integrated ODTEL Framework IOCG: the key integrator of ODTEL Set Instructional objectives + J _ 1.Instruction Delivery Evaluate against Instructional Objectives 2. Integrated Open Course Guide: Learning Activities, Exercises 3. Online/ Self Tests Teacher – Learner Involvement in all stages Final Marks, Grade 5. Exams & Evaluation + 6. Assessment 4. Feedback to learners  ODTEL enables Activities Assessment using Online Systems. .  ODTEL integrates multiple modes of reaching out through ICT: Internet, TV, IP-TV, Community Radio, Mobile Alerts, Education Kiosks in Railway Stations, Rural Areas, … 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 34
  35. 35. On Designing Learning Activities: Challenge of building Quality Learning Environment  At the end of a learning effort, a Learner should be able to say ‘I understand’  Add to his/her Tacit capabilities. People’s Competencies, Communications, Feelings, Intuitions, Social interactions, Judgment, Guestimation, People’s Real World 10/11/2013 T A C I T E X P L I C I T Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Codified Knowledge and Processes accessible over the net, paper… Global networked Information and computational base 35
  36. 36. IOCG Supports Different Categories of Learning Activities  Adapt Nonaka’s four types of Learning Activities: Tacit Tacit Explicit Socialize Externalize Explicit Internalize Combinational Thinking  Quality Learning with Learning Ambience nurtures above SECI  Innovations Driven Learning Environment (IDLE).  CMG to build the IOCG rich with pointers to case studies, learning activities, multimedia illustrations, real world situations, term papers, projects and field work.  Use LMS for course events management, interactions, discussion forums, assessment activities & for feedback to students. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 36
  37. 37. SAMPLE IOCG MODULE Module Topic Motivational/anecdotal content Instructional Objectives Learning Activities Sequencing: RVL to be played, SLM Unit, textbook sections, recommended problem set, practice, experiments, etc.  LMS used for asynchronous Interactions and directives to students.  Use of TV Sessions, IP-TV, Webinar driven by Calendar Guidance for Tutorial Monitored Self test and counseling classes for learners. Module test (part of continuous evaluation).  Mid-term and end term tests conducted.  Computer Assisted Evaluation methods may be used. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 37
  38. 38. IOCG: The 4-Way Bridge Calendar, Alerts & M Gateway Systems Course and Instruction Management Team IOCG Over Open Wiki Learners Distributed Over Geography SLM, LMS (Moodle), VoD, e-Books Open Web Content, Discussion Forums, QMS, etc. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture 38  IOCG developed and beingNOIDA @GBU, commissioned in Integrated Greater
  39. 39. E-Learning & Open University Course Management 2. Open University Course Experts Group (CEG) Course Management Cycles 4. Study Centres & Colleges Course Design Cycles 1.SLMs,RVLs, MM Content, Open Web 10/11/2013 3. Integrated Open Course Guide (IOCG) Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Students & teachers 24X7 access 39
  40. 40. Integrated Open Course Guide (IOCG): leverages on Convergence for Learning Engagements Self Study / Discovery Course Exercises Course Map TV & Webinars & Library SLM, Web Content LMS IOCG Personal Dash Board Discussion Forums E-Mail & Alerts Web Resources 10/11/2013 QMS & Web Mentoring Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA SMS Alerts M-Learn Group Interactions/ P2P Learning 40
  41. 41. Need for Managed Education Services Integrated Open Course Guide (IOCG) Discussion Forums, Calendar, Email, Mobile & Alerts Services TV & Webinar Sessions TV & WebinarSessions Community Radio Sessions Community Radio Sessions TV & Webinar Sessions File/Assignments U/D Community Radio Sessions Query Management System Counsellors Support & Web Mentoring System Online Library and Multimedia Publishing System Regional/Study Centres Support System 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Managed 41  Part by the university, part byLecture @GBU, Services Providers. Greater NOIDA
  42. 42. Add Maturity Rating for Courses in ODTEL Rating Maturity rating is based upon the effectiveness of the IOCG in conducting the course. IOCG with course home page & open Wiki/ Discussion Forums. 1* + description of blocks, units & links to approved resources. 2* + Counseling Plan, Calendar of Course Events, Seminars (TV, Webinar) Self-Test monitoring. 3* + Assured engagement in at least 70% of modules + Concept Map, active learning support and learner feedback. 4* + Assured outcome assessed engagement in at least 70% of modules + individual/ group feedback. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 42  With 3* and above, graduates will be competitive and fit into global job market.
  43. 43. IOCG systematizes engaging learners through multiple modes of communications and collaborations 2 Community Radio Integrated Partner Institutions State’s Programs, Training Learners Anywhere 3 1 6 5 CSCs for TV Agriculture, Health, … 4 A Integrated Course Portals Call Centre B Internet Accessed Services C Internet 7 D Access F E 9 ((( Phone 8 Low Cost Access 43 Devices
  44. 44. 2. Need for a National Education Grid Education Grid Gateway Services Access Systems Premier Institutes & Schools Study Centres Colleges RCEIP * * Tier–5: Instruction, Practice, Evaluation Management N E T W O R K E D D A T A C E N T R E S (Colleges, Study Centers) Experts, Mentors Tier-4: Content Alignment & Capacity Building (AU) Tier–3: Content/Web Resources (Integrated, NPTEL, …) Academic Management Tier-2: Systems, Applications (Over Clouds and Internet) Tier-1: ICT Infrastructure (RailTel, TelCos, STPI, NKN)  Each of the 5 Layers requires different ownership and MSPs.44
  45. 45. Establishing the National Education Grid Gateway System  Tiers 1 & 2: Infrastructure, systems and applications - Need Data Centers, 1000s of Virtual or cloud Applications running over the networked Data Centers - For now NKN is providing the national Gbps VPNs.  Tier 3: Ongoing efforts of NPTEL and more are needed. More in advanced web resources – Scientific Databases, HPC, 3D and VR content, simulated labs and environments, so on. A lot more on local content generation in the different regions needed.  Tier 4: Critical layer to associate content with learning activities using the formal ODTEL Framework. Driven by CEGs duly appointed by respective universities and duly approved by its academic councils or equivalent. Quality of education is assured through this layer.  Tier 5: Managed in affiliate colleges and study centres. 45
  46. 46. Infrastructure for the Education Grid: Leveraging the NKN and NME SOU/Integrated/Regiona R&D l Educational RCEIS: Regional Orgn. Centres for Institutions One Educational Innovations & Practices RBAN (NME) In each Region RCEIP Datacentre & Gateway Asymmetric Broadband Scientific Databases [ICAR, DOS, CSIR, etc...] Premier Institutes Core Network: National Gigabits VPNs over OFC Networks National Programs Integrated SSA, RMSA [Open e- Sakshat, … Learning] University Centres Advanced Computing Resources Computational Portals ERNET As MSP 46
  47. 47. Regional Broadband Access Networks Colleges Scientific* Databases Local Dev. Programs Regional Centre for Educational Innovations & Practices National Knowledge Network [NKN] *Run in RCEIP Datacentre NGOs Vocational Training Regional Broadband Access Network [RBAN under NME?] RCEIP Datacentre & Gateway Local eCommunity Learning Colleges Programs* Heritage * Portal Services Schools  Each College, Study Centre to get Asymmetric Broadband. 47  Their portals in the cloud facility at the RCEIS.  Results in lower cost per leaf node with assured quality of services
  48. 48. ESTABLISH REGIONAL CENTRES FOR EDUCATIONAL INNOVATIONS AND PRACTICES State Education Dept., SOU, Integrated & Organizations in the Domains RBAN (NME) RCEIP / Integrated 6. Community Radio & TV Uplink 5. Regional Programs Entrepreneurship and Services Development & 4. Video, Sound and Tech. Incubation Web Studios NKN 3. ERNET POP & Datacentre (DIT) 2. Tech Enhanced Study Centre Integrated Regional 1. Integrated’s Smart RC Services Services  Functions of RCEIP possible under a PPP Model. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 48
  49. 49. Towards a PPP Model for Education Grid Services  All universities and formal education programs to hire their own space in the cloud of networked Data Centers.  Data Centers may be owned and managed by private players.  All agree on an Indian Profile of standardized systems and applications.  At Integrated, currently using a few instances of Solaris or Linux virtual containers over enterprise class servers and Virtual Storage system for each. Top this with MySQL, Drupal CMS and Apache for hosting the webapplications.  Applications are typically Wiki, Moodle, a Digital Library suite, Mobile Gateways, video streaming, Databases, etc.  Care taken to ensure that applications are W3C compliant and accessed through different browsers under common OS.  An incubator for promoting Education Grid Services. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 49
  50. 50. Turning Affiliating University System to Advantage  Each Affiliating University (AU) adopts ODTEL Framework and builds its own Open Course Guides (OCG) for each course.  Colleges conduct the course as per the OCG. Each of them may use their own LMS and other tools.  Teachers in different colleges of the same university collaborate with CEG through an LMS maintained in the university. Both CEG and teachers are also guided by the OCG  Inexperienced teachers may choose or encouraged to undergo certificate of proficiency programs conducted by the AU.  Certified teachers in a subject carry out evaluation of their own class in that subject and act as feedback to students.  Such systems generate large pool of good teachers over time.  OCG also promotes varieties of students’ engagements in learning activities. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 50
  51. 51. From NPTEL to VIIT or VISTA?  The popularity of NPTEL Video Lectures hosted in YouTube is increasing. Last 6 months saw 0.5 million visits. Open comments on YouTube show many students around the world are grateful to this IITs initiative.  For each NPTEL video course we may create an IOCG by formally established groups under a Virtual IIT, or, Virtual Institute of Science, Technology and Arts (VISTA).  Such IOCG may also enrich the course through rich supplementary links to MIT OCW, various other university sites.  MHRD has given some seed grant to IIT Kanpur to give the concept of VIIT a shape.  With IITs,NITs IISc and Integrated establishing small Data Centres we are ready for the pilot launch by 2013+. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 51
  52. 52. The Great Opportunity  Imagine the scope: For a revenue base, let us say we charge Rs. 100 per month or Rs. 500 for a whole semester long course for assured Tech Enabled Learning services, 8 courses per year, 2.5 Mn engineering students, the pool comes to Rs. 10 Bn. Crores per Year!  The scope is much more! A whole new world of Open Education with India leading the way while solving its present intractable problem.  IOCG driven ODTEL framework assures all students quality learning centric education.   ODTEL gives the system of formal education the Tech Enabled edge. We may also liberate learners by allowing to take courses from different universities. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 52
  53. 53. Changing Accreditation and Regulatory Systems  The 5* Course Maturity Rating over the ODTEL Framework makes it accreditation worthy in a natural way.  This will help giving new enabling roles to the regulatory bides and accreditation agencies. This may set the terms of the proposed National Commission for Higher Education and Research (NCHER).  With IOCG and supportive public wiki in each course curriculum modernization is readily integrated as a continuous process.  Let us start the three way consultation between Academia, Industry and Government and thrash out the modalities of building the ODTEL system min the country. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 53
  54. 54. It is time we get out of the present weak system of education that has reduced it to ‘covering’ the syllabus and conducting mass exams. As per our Indian Tradition, True Man-making Education is built upon the three processes of SRAVANA, MANANA AND NIDHIDHYASANA The ODTEL Framework set Over a National Education Grid is a practical way to support quality education through Tech Enabled Learning.  It is time to give the learners greater options than what is offered by a university/college through Open Access to courses from others. ‘The End of Education is Character.’ – Sai Baba 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 54
  55. 55. What is expected from the National & International Professional Societies To work for the Global/National Standards in every sector of educational & Research & Sustainable development  To evolve, propagate good practices to achieve better productivity, efficiency & efficacy. To provide empowerment to citizens & create the framework, program to achieve the millennium development goals To achieve the Six Sigma using new and emerging technologies to make every citizen a knowledge worker.  10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA ACIIL-IGNOU Presentation January 2009 55 55
  56. 56. Joint contribution to National knowledge Digital Ware House  Mutually agreeable Quality Norms for Digital Multi media Contents, Evaluation, & Assessment  Joint ownership for shareable course wares to cover Quality Education for All  To establish A Referral National Open Knowledge University. What is Expected by Partnering Educational Institutions/Universities National/Global  10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA ACIIL-IGNOU Presentation January 2009 56 56
  57. 57. Need of the Hour Mix of all the three functions Facilitating a Learning Environment Support to Learners as a Broker Coordinating the Process and Development of Materials 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 57 57
  58. 58. Learner Centred-Flexible-Technology driven system-Need for Alliances Cost Sharing Economy -Learning resources development, establishment of learner support centres, infrastructure for course delivery Changing Enrolment patterns -flexible and modular learning to fulfill learner demands Cross sharing courses - Cost& Risk reduction & Funding patterns change Curricula demands -variety of academic talents for short period of time-Sharing staff resources 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 58 58
  59. 59. And more to be done ... “If the poor cannot come to education, education must reach them, at the plough, in the factory, everywhere.” .. Swami Vivekananda  With CKE, we must integrate quality and inclusive education opportunities for all aspiring youth and any one who wish to learn further.  Such education should be vertically integrated to provide opportunities for everyone who is competent and aspires to study further.  Slogan: 'Place no bar, age no bar, time no bar' and offer 'Quality Education to All Independent of Geography.' 59
  60. 60. Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up into fragments By narrow domestic walls Where words come out from the depth of truth Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit Where the mind is led forward by thee Into ever-widening thought and action Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake. - Rabindranath Tagore 60
  61. 61. 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup 61
  62. 62. 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup 62
  63. 63. 10/11/2013 02/10/09 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup 63
  64. 64. Build India Campaign An Ideal Professional Graduate 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA ? 64
  65. 65. Build India Campaign Which Framework • • • • • • • • • • • Sri Aurobindo Swami Vivekananda Swami Dayananda Saraswati Rabindranath Mahatma Gandhi The Gita Paradigm Constitution of India Delor’s Report Multiple Intelligence WHO’s Life Skills Framework or An eclectic one? 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 65
  66. 66. Realizing Self Build India Campaign Meta-cognition Social Entrepreneurship Wisdom Intuition Multi-layer Cognition Cosmic Alienation Creativity Experimentation Permanent Thinking Invention Global Citizenship Innovation Temporary Problem Solving Memory Exploration Knowledge Beyond Self Language Literature Intellectual Spiritual Science & Technology Humanities Social Sciences Child Human Being Appreciative Intelligence Physical Music, Painting Mental Appreciation Aesthetics Internal Health External Health Negative Emotions Positive Emotions Peace Happiness Sthita-pragna Long life Kinaesthetic Skills Freedom from Diseases Pranayam Yoga Meditation 10/11/2013 Physical Strength Anger Violence Sports Dance Games Dram Gymnastics a Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Depression Sadness Cooperation Concern for others Greed Lust Compassion Empathy 66
  67. 67. Ideal Professional Graduate Build India Campaign Caring Self Community Person Confident Leader Conscious Learner Effective Communicator Powerful Problem Solver 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA Website http://www.all-milwaukee.org/IdealGrad.htm 67
  68. 68. Build India Campaign Learning to Live Together Learning to Do Learning to Be Learning to Know 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 68
  69. 69. Build India Campaign Thinks Critically, Analytically, Constructively & Creatively Constructs Learning and Knowledge & Communicates effectively 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 69
  70. 70. Build India Campaign One who mastered Body Management – internal health -- disease free -- External Health -- strength & vitality -- Cultivated Kinesthetic Intelligence 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 70
  71. 71. Build India Campaign Cool, composed, Negative Emotions under check Helpful to others, Good at IPR Positive Emotions in Display, Empathy Concern for others 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 71
  72. 72. Build India Campaign Ready to explore Innovate Experiment Takes to Social Enterprise 10/11/2013 Relates to Larger-Self Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 72
  73. 73. Build India Campaign 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 73
  74. 74. It shall be the duty of every citizens of India •To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; •To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; •To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India; 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 74
  75. 75. •To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so; •To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women; 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 75
  76. 76. •To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture; •To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures; •To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform; 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 76
  77. 77. •To safeguard public property and to abjure violence; •To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 77
  78. 78. Core competencies For The Seven Attributes of Highly Effective People
  79. 79. Attributes 1 Be Proactive® Take initiative, Manage change, Respond proactively, Keep commitments, Take responsibility and practice accountability,  Create positive business results.      10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 79
  80. 80. Attributes 2 Begin With the End in Mind®  Define vision and values,  Create a mission statement,  Set measurable team and personal Goals  Start projects successfully,  Align goals to priorities,  Focus on desired outcomes. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 80
  81. 81. Attributes 3 Put First Things First® Execute strategy, Apply effective delegation skills, Focus on important activities, Apply effective planning and prioritization skills,  Balance key priorities,  Eliminate low priorities and timewasters,  Use planning tools effectively,  Use effective time-management skills. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU,     Greater NOIDA 81
  82. 82. Attributes 4 Think Win-Win      Build high-trust relationships, Build effective teams, Apply successful negotiation skills, Use effective collaboration, Build productive business relationships. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 82
  83. 83. Attributes 5 Seek First to Understand Then to Be Understood 1. Apply effective interpersonal communication, 2. Overcome communication pitfalls, 3. Apply effective listening skills, 4.Understand others, 5.Reach mutual understanding, 6.Communicate viewpoints effectively, 7.Apply productive input and feedback, 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, 83 Greater NOIDA 8. Apply effective persuasion techniques.
  84. 84. Attributes 6 Synergize        Leverage diversity, Apply effective problem solving, Apply collaborative decision making, Value differences, Build on divergent strengths, Leverage creative collaboration, Embrace and leverage innovation. 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 84
  85. 85. Attributes 7 Sharpen the Saw  Achieve life balance,  Apply continuous improvement,  Seek continuous learning 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 85
  86. 86. T OGETHER E VERYONE A CHIEVES M ORE Thank You 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 86
  87. 87. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Prof. K R Srivathsan Former Pro VC & ACIIL Team For the Vision & Dream Reality Prof. Rajasekaran Pillai, Former VC,IGNOU & Others For their support & Development of the Multitier framework using Open Source 10/11/2013 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, Greater NOIDA 87
  88. 88. Let us collaborate, co-work and embrace technology and ethics for sustainable development FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT :   E-MAIL: ksdir@nic.in   10/11/2013 April 20, 2011 Prof.KS@2013 Lecture @GBU, secure IT 2011 New Delhi Greater NOIDA ksmanian48@gmail.com 91-11-22723557 88 88