E-COMMERCE –An Introduction
The buying and selling of products and services by businesses
and consumers through an electro...
E-Commerce Applications
• Inter-organizational (business-to-business)
- Supplier management
- Inventory management
- Distr...
Elements of Internet, Extranet and Intranet
E-Commerce
ELEMENT INTERNET EXTRANET INTRANET
E-Commerce
type
B2C (e.g. Mail o...
What sorts of E-Businesses are there?
• Selling advertising space
• Selling an on-line service
• Selling a retail service
RETAIL and On-Line Retail
• Retail is the sale of goods and services from individuals or
businesses to the end-user.
• Onl...
Evolution Of On-Line Retail
Predicted Scenario: On-Line retail today:
Analyzing viability of On-Line firms
Strategic analysis:
General Factors:
 Barriers to entry
 Power of suppliers
 Power...
E-Retailing
Business models
Single channel web firms creating revenues from
on-line sale.
Operate both On-Line and Physica...
On-Line Service Sector
Service companies are those companies that provide services or perform
tasks for its customers; whi...
On-Line Banking sector
Cyber banking/ electronic banking/ home banking
Advantages:
• Easy to check balance
• Easy payment ...
On-Line Travel Services
 Online travel is one of the most successful B2C e-commerce segments
 Travel is an information i...
ON LINE CAREER SERVICE INDUSTRY
The online career services are utilized by:
Job seekers
1) Job offers
2) Recruiting firms
...
Applications of online career service
industry
Advantages & Disadvantages of online
career services industry
• Provides the ability to
advertise to a large no of
job see...
Online Real Estate services industry
Real estate transaction are an ideal area for e-commerce due to
the following reasons...
Online insurance industry
• Online insurance industry has significantly improved to include more
plans than ever before an...
E commerce and its applications
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E commerce and its applications

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E-Commerce Presentation for b.Com Honours students.
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E commerce and its applications

  1. 1. E-COMMERCE –An Introduction The buying and selling of products and services by businesses and consumers through an electronic medium, without using any paper documents. E-commerce is widely considered the buying and selling of products over the internet, but any transaction that is completed solely through electronic measures is considered E-commerce. Features: • Scalable • Reliable • Secure • Cost-effective
  2. 2. E-Commerce Applications • Inter-organizational (business-to-business) - Supplier management - Inventory management - Distribution management - Channel management • Intra-organizational (within business) - Workgroup management - Collaborative publishing - Sales force productivity • Customer-to-business - Social portals - Transactional portals
  3. 3. Elements of Internet, Extranet and Intranet E-Commerce ELEMENT INTERNET EXTRANET INTRANET E-Commerce type B2C (e.g. Mail order via the web) B2B (Procurement and fulfillment) Internal procurement and processing. Access Unrestricted (anyone can access a URL address) Restricted to company employees, staff, and business partners) Restricted to company customers, employees and staff Security Generally minimal, except for verifying credit cards and financial transaction integrity. Firewalls and restricted access to data and applications. Firewalls to eliminate non-company employees. Payment method Credit card or electronic cash Predefined credit agreement between businesses Within-business charges Trading with Untrusted customer Trusted trading partners Trusted employees
  4. 4. What sorts of E-Businesses are there? • Selling advertising space • Selling an on-line service • Selling a retail service
  5. 5. RETAIL and On-Line Retail • Retail is the sale of goods and services from individuals or businesses to the end-user. • Online retailing, a type of electronic commerce used for business-to-consumer (B2C) transactions and mail order, are forms of non-shop retailing. • E-Commerce allows small and large businesses to compete on a more level playing field, enabling to have customers all over the world.
  6. 6. Evolution Of On-Line Retail Predicted Scenario: On-Line retail today:
  7. 7. Analyzing viability of On-Line firms Strategic analysis: General Factors:  Barriers to entry  Power of suppliers  Power of customers  Existence of substitutes  Competition  Industry value chain Firm-specific Factors:  Firm Value Chain  Core competencies  Synergies  Technology  Social and legal challenges Financial Analysis: General Factors:  Sales  Cost of sales  Gross Profit ratio  Operating expenses  Net Profit  Balance Sheet
  8. 8. E-Retailing Business models Single channel web firms creating revenues from on-line sale. Operate both On-Line and Physical space First establish brand name, the use the strength of image, to sell or mail printed catalogs. Orders are received by mail or toll –free telephone Generate revenues from rents and services paid for by retailers who sell on their site Sell directly to customers On-Line without intervention of retailers
  9. 9. On-Line Service Sector Service companies are those companies that provide services or perform tasks for its customers; which may include consumers, businesses, governments and other organizations.  Largest and most rapidly expanding part of the economies in advanced industrial nations  In the US, the service sector (broadly defined) employs about four out of every five workers and accounts for about 75% of all economic activity  E-commerce in the service sector offers extraordinary opportunities to deliver information, knowledge, and transaction efficiencies  The major service industry groups include:  Finance, insurance, real estate  Travel  Legal and accounting  Business services – consulting, advertising and marketing, and information processing  Banking services  Educational services
  10. 10. On-Line Banking sector Cyber banking/ electronic banking/ home banking Advantages: • Easy to check balance • Easy payment of dues • Easy Transferability • Easy handling of finances • Wider reach • Feasibility of Capital • Management • International Banking and multiple currency handling Limitations: • Brand name plays an unavoidable role. • Low switching cost increases rivalry • Threat of substitutes • Threat of negative information.
  11. 11. On-Line Travel Services  Online travel is one of the most successful B2C e-commerce segments  Travel is an information intensive product requiring significant consumer research  Travel market segments include airline tickets, hotel reservations, car rentals, and cruises/tours Benefits :  Easy Fare Comparison  Easy Fare Tracking  Free Information  Prospects of potential savings  One-Stop Shopping  Paperless Environment  Personalized Service. Limitations:  Internet inaccessibility  Difficulty of usage  Complex trips require specialized knowledge.
  12. 12. ON LINE CAREER SERVICE INDUSTRY The online career services are utilized by: Job seekers 1) Job offers 2) Recruiting firms 3) Government agencies and Institutions
  13. 13. Applications of online career service industry
  14. 14. Advantages & Disadvantages of online career services industry • Provides the ability to advertise to a large no of job seekers. • Provides the ability to save on advertisement costs. • Provides the ability to reduce the cost of processing the applications by using electronic application form. • Provides the ability search highly skilled employees. • Many people do not use the internet. • Security and privacy issues. • online career services are not very suitable for non technology oriented jobs.
  15. 15. Online Real Estate services industry Real estate transaction are an ideal area for e-commerce due to the following reasons : • Potential buyer can view many properties on the screen which results in saving time for not only the buyer but also for the broker • Potential buyer can make mortgage or rental comparisons or calculations • Potential customers can view information such as neighborhood , crime reports , etc. before taking a final decision
  16. 16. Online insurance industry • Online insurance industry has significantly improved to include more plans than ever before and entirely online application process • Online insurance has enabled customers to receive quotes apply for coverage signed electronically and pay by credit card. All within approximately within ten minutes. • The websites of online insurance companies operate as market places that enable customers to make comparisons online for a variety of insurance products, including automobile and life insurance.

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