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Open Access, Open Science, and Open Research



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Open Access, Open Science, and Open Research

  1. 1. Open Access, Open Science, and Open Research Kshitiz Khanal Researcher at Kathmandu Living Labs Open Science Team Lead at Open Knowledge Nepal
  2. 2. What does OPEN mean? • Anything that is freely and openly available. • Open Ground. Any can enter for free. • The ecosystem of Open. Open Data, Open Street Maps. Open Access. Open Science. Open Knowledge.
  3. 3. What is free anyway? • Free as in “free beer”, or free as in “Freedom” • Facebook vs PHP
  4. 4. Open Access • Open Access to Scientific Literature (published research output like research paper, conference paper, theses) • How it works now • The Paywall Café
  5. 5. Open Access in Nepal • All Nepali journals are free to access • Can be found in • Nepali authors prefer to submit to closed access journals with higher impact factors
  6. 6. Open Science • Open Science is broader than Open Access • Encompasses Open Research Data, Methods, Experiments, Instruments, Tools • Science does not mean only natural science like mathematics, biology but social science, economics etc.
  7. 7. Attribution: Petr Knoth and Nancy Pontika - Own work, CC BY 3.0,
  8. 8. Open Science and Research Data Sharing practice in Nepal • Practically nonexistent. • Data sharing is discouraged. Culture, Data Quality
  9. 9. Why Open Research data? • Data is the new oil. - Clive Humby, UK Mathemetician and architect of Tesco’s Clubcard, Data  Information  Knowledge  Wisdom The best use of your data will be thought of by someone else. - Rufus Pollock, cofounder of Open Knowledge International Example: OSM in Nepal, Disaster Management
  10. 10. Call to action • Nothing is only a domain nowadays. They make an ecosystem, where everything influences every other thing. • Data, Literature, Science, Software, Tools. All come together in creation and diffusion of knowledge. Philosophy of openness is shared. • Practice. Every individual can make influence. By being an example.
  11. 11. • Publishing in Open Access journals • Sharing research data • Example: Air pollution data in Kathmandu, Data from Large Hadron Collider • Funders should encourage open science. (example: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Shuttleworth Foundation)