Proximity based Protocol
Development for Ticket
Prof. S.A Joshi
22 million people travel regularly and commute by trains over varying
distances ranging from 10-60 kms per day. It becomes very difficult to
get hold of ticketless travelers and the Railways lose a big chunk of
income due to this.
This project is aimed at increasing customer participation in buying
tickets and facilitating ticket purchase process.
• Elimination of Manual Intervention during
ticketing process by cashless transaction.
• Convenience of secure access using prevalent
• Easy verification of passenger tickets during
• User friendly mobile application for entering
• User will be notified via SMS after a successful
transaction of bank payment.
• Verification of ticket will be done by matching
customer’s ticket number and list available with
A smartphone application for booking tickets using proximity
Ticket booking information will be sent through the application to
the ticket management server which in turn sends transaction id
back to the device.
An e-ticket by SMS will be sent after successful payment and the T.C
will be notified for the same.
Error and failure handling between ticket management server and
bank transaction server in case of link failure.
Facility to resend e-ticket SMS on the basis of acknowledgement
Tools and Platform
• SQL Lite
• Android SmartPhone
• Android Emulator
Post Details Verify
E- ticket by SMS
• Pre-Registered User with Railway Registration System.
• Registration Form containing the following fields:
1. Destination of Train
2. Train Identifier (Name/Train No)
3. Time of Travel
4. Number of Passengers
5. Customer ID (with Railway Server)
• NFC Tap at Railway Station (NFC Reader’s Location is Passenger’s Source Station)
• Customer Consent for Automatic Debit Authorization of Railway Server for ticketing.
For Customer For Ticket Checker
• Form Submission Notification and
Prompt for waiting with
• SMS Confirmation of either
Successful Booking or Failed
• Ticket Number of
1. Arnau Vives-Guasch, Magdalena Payeras-Capella, Macia Mut-Puigserver, Jordi Castella-
Roca, Josep Lluis Ferrer-Gomila, “A Secure E-ticketing For Mobile Devices with Near Field
Communication (NFC) that includes exculpability and reusability”,2010
2. J.M Leon-Coca, D.G Reina, S.L Toral, F.Barrero, N. Bessis, “Authentication Systems using
ID cards over NFC links”,2013
3. Mahdi Asadpour, Mohammad Torabi Dashti, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, “A Privacy Friendly
RFID Protocol using Reusable Anonymous Tickets”,2011
4. Vedat Coskun, Kerem Ok, Busra Ozdenizci, “Near Field Communication- From theory to
5. The MD5 Message Digest Algorithm,R.L.Rivest, RFC 13 21 april 1998