Child Friendly News October


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Child Friendly News October

  1. 1. Election PRIMER PG 4-5 CFN Volume I, Issue 9 >> October 10, 2013 >> Subscribe >> Email Andhra Pradesh on fire over state division T he southern state of Andhra Pradesh (AP) is on a boil with tempers rising over the decision to divide the state into two parts – Telengana and (the rest of) Andhra Pradesh. A few days ago the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers (his closest advisors) decided to go ahead with the division of the state. This has sparked (caused) protests to break out all over the state. In the capital Hyderabad, an important politician named Jagan Reddy is leading the protests. In Delhi, another leader called Chandrababu Naidu, who was once Chief Minister of AP, has announced that he will protest by fasting (not eating). Across the state, especially in T Who is hurting? Its people vs police in Andhra Pradesh The people of the non-Telengana part of Andhra have been most affected by the power shut down. With no electricity supply, hospitals have had to postpone surgeries (operations), trains are not able to run, ATMs are not working, petrol bunks are unable to fuel vehicles and even mobile phones are not working as they cannot be charged. areas outside the Telengana region (whose people want the division), hundreds have come out into the streets to protest. In many places, buildings have been damaged by the protestors. The government has called in the police to control the mobs, and the police have even fired rubber bullets on the protestors, but there is no sign of things calming down. With employees of the government power stations coming out to protest, electricity supply to some places in AP has God’s particle gets the prize he Nobel Prize for Physics has been awarded to two scientists who first discovered the ‘Higgs boson’ or ‘god particle’ that forms the building block for everything in the universe, including us humans. The Nobel Prizes, which are given by the Swedish Royal Academy based in Stockholm, Sweden, are among the most important prizes in the world. The two scientists who have won it are Peter Higgs and Francois Englert. Nearly 50 years ago, these scientists, working separately, spoke of a massive field of energy in the universe that causes tiny particles of matter to come together to create every object in the universe. Within this field, tiny particles invisible to the eye, called the Higgs Boson, zip around, picking up mass or weight. These tiny particles are what everything in the world is made up of. Advertisement been cut. Schools, colleges and offices have no power and many have had to stay closed. There has been no reaction from the government so far and it seems to be sticking to its decision of dividing the state. Francois Englert (left) and Peter Higgs BAHRISONSo Kids b o o k s h p Flat No 6, Khan Market, New Delhi 110003 Tel : 24694611
  2. 2. 2 Features Archaeology is the sandbox of men who care not where they are going; they merely want to know where everyone else has been. CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS October 10, 2013 CFN — Jim Bishop NASA to launch 3D printer into space I n 2014 US space agency NASA will send a 3D printer to the International Space Station (ISS) to help astronauts manufacture tools and rocket parts. This will reduce the cost of sending supplies to the ISS as the astronauts will be able to make what they need. 3D printers can ‘print out’ real objects layer by layer using special plastic based materials. With these you can design the object you want on a computer and print out the same within minutes. So, tools and unusually shaped objects needed for special projects can be easily created. The printer is being made especially for NASA as it has to be strong enough to withstand the vibrations at the time of rocket launch from earth as well as be able to work in zero gravity (a state of weightlessness that astronauts experience). For astronauts, this printer, which will be the size of a microwave, could be very useful indeed. When repairs are urgently needed, they no longer need wait months for the next shuttle to bring supplies from earth. The International Space Station and (inset) this is what the 3D printer will look like. Instead, they can just print out what they need. NASA is also looking to make objects stronger and bigger than just tools using these 3D printers. The space agency is experimenting with 3D printing of small satellites that could be launched from the ISS which will then transmit data to earth. Ancient city unearthed in Iraq The International Space Station is a large space craft that has been placed in permanent orbit around earth. It is used as a research facility for conducting experiments in space. Buzz off, you pesky mosquito T his may look like a picture of an abandoned home (where no one lives), but it’s actually something more precious. Archaeologists have unearthed (found) an ancient settlement at a site in Northern Iraq and the picture you see is one of a house which remains partly intact. Two rooms of this house are still standing, making it one of the oldest homes we have ever seen on earth. Called the city of Idu, the newly discovered site was a busy village more than 3000 years ago. It was part of the Assyrian empire that included Iraq at that time. Many drawings, works of art and writing have been found at the site. I t’s that time of the year when we find ourselves reaching for insect repellents with mosquitos causing an outbreak of diseases like dengue in Delhi and other Indian cities. There is now cause to cheer as a team of Indian scientists working in the United States has worked out exactly what causes a mosquito to be repelled by (keep away from) mosquito repellents. DEET is a chemical commonly used to make mosquito repellents and these scientists decided to investigate which body part of the mosquito reacted to DEET. Close study showed that DEET was causing a reaction in one part of the mosquito’s antennae. Using this data, and a lot a computer analysis, the scientists have been able to come up with a list of other things that may repel mosquitos. This is good news as DEET is a strong chemical and there are some questions about whether it is safe to use. The icing on the cake (the really good news) is that some of the new things that have been found to repel mosquitos were also found to be particularly good at turning away the mosquito that causes dengue. Perhaps we can say goodbye to dengue in the near future!
  3. 3. The real problem is not whether machines think but whether men do. — B. F. Skinner Features CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS October 10, 2013 CFN O w l i e T a l k s T e c h n o l o g y 3 If you’ve got it, wear it I f you think technology is all about computers and complex machines think again. Some of the coolest technology available today is stuff that you can actually wear. Keep it cool For people living or working in extreme weather conditions, staying cool or keeping warm is a priority. For the folks who want to stay cool, ‘keep cool’ jackets like the Flexi Freeze Ice Vest are essential. The jacket, which is made by a company in the United States (US), has three ice cube sheets that are fixed on the inside using Velcro. These cubes, which are made of pure water, help keep the wearer cool when working in a hot shed, biking in the sun or even when the AC is broken. Plus, the ice cube sheets are re-usable (through re-freezing), so, after a couple of hours the jacket is ready for use all over again. Babyglow clothes change colour when the baby gets a fever Fever alert! Some items of clothing come with even more intelligence. Take the ‘Babyglow’ baby clothes made by a company from the United Kingdom (UK) that actually change colour when the baby gets a fever. The special fabric used for the We b s i te Ruffwear’s vest will keep your pet nice and cool on hot hikes clothing is sensitive to changes in temperature – giving moms an easy way to monitor an unwell child. No leaving out the dog Dogs want to stay cool too! To help them, US company Ruffwear has created a dog vest that can be activated with water. Owners just need to wet the jacket, squeeze out the extra water and strap it on. The jacket is made of layers of special fabric that use the principle of evaporation to keep your pet cool. Happy pets make happier owners! Woof! Woof! Wa n d e r i n g s CFN launches a new column that will cover interesting websites that are worth a visit.This issue’s column has been contributed by Rashi Seth, who studies in Class 12 at the Pathways School in NOIDA. T his week I will review a science website which is a very helpful tool for learning about various science topics. One of the coolest aspects of the site is that it helps you learn through various games, experiments, quizzes and videos. The site also covers a variety of topics - from space to dinosaurs to astronomy. Name it and it is there! In addition to information, the website has some really interesting ideas for science projects, such as making your own fossil and creating stalactites and stalagmites. Games also help re-inforce science topics through some hands-on fun. You can create animal food chains or build and label a human skeleton. The website is easy to navigate and facts, games and quizzes are only a click away. A topic wise listing (Physics, Chemistry, Biology etc.) is also available. This is one website that is bound to make you more excited about the possibilities of science!
  4. 4. 4 Special Report CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS October 10, 2013 Growing up in politics I know that women decide all elections because we do all the work. — Caroline Kennedy CFN Why elections? I n India we elect our leaders by voting for them. The candidates who get the most votes get elected. Countries where people have a say in electing their leaders are called democracies. India is the largest democracy in the world and our elections are the biggest conducted on earth. 8 Big Election Facts When people vote, they are marked with black ink on their index finger, so that they cannot vote again. Not all countries elect their leaders. The British have a Queen in addition to elected leaders, while North Korea is has a dictatorship form of government where one leader, Kim Jong-un, has absolute power over the country. Who can vote in our elections? I n India you need to be 18 years of age before you can vote in the elections. Once people attain 18 years of age, they must register themself as voters. They will be given an ID card called ‘Voters Identity Card’ which is must be shown before they are allowed to vote. B e it in the daily newspaper or on television, the focus of attention is the Does it affect your city? Who is standing for the election? Can you take p answers to these questions. L Who runs for elections? eaders of political parties such as the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) take part in the elections. A political party is a group of people who have common ideas on how to manage India and her states. How does the Prime Minister get elected? Who runs the elections? I ndia’s elections are managed by the Election Commission of India whose boss is the Chief Election Commissioner. The Election Commission registers candidates, organizes the elections and counts the votes. It also makes sure that political parties participating in the elections are following all the rules. Chief Election Commissioner V S Sampath I ndia has a parliamentary democracy – this means that the political party with the greatest number of elected MPs in the Lok Sabha, one of the houses of Indian Parliament, gets to form the government. This group will also elect a leader who becomes the Prime Minister.
  5. 5. Special Report Voting is the most precious right of every citizen — Hillary Clinton CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS October 10, 2013 CFN I The main players 5 ndia has two national political parties – the Congress and the BJP - and the national election next year will be a fight between these two parties and their supporters. There are also several state level political parties that are powerful in various states. The Congress, BJP and these state level parties will fight it out in the state elections. India’s current national government is led by the Congress party. The Congress has been in power for nearly 10 years. The Leaders The BJP is led by Narendra Modi, the Chief Minister of Gujarat. The Congress is led by the Gandhi family, consisting of Sonia Gandhi and her son Rahul Gandhi. f attention is the elections that are around the corner. What are these elections? on? Can you take part? As a young citizen of India, you need to arm yourself with Mother and son Sonia and Rahul Gandhi lead the Congress State or country, I am confused..? In India, two main kinds of elections are held:  National elections which are held across the country through which the central government in Delhi is elected. Those elected here are called Members of Parliament or MPs.  State elections through which governments of states are elected. Those elected here are called Members of Legislative Assemblies or MLAs. Every registered voter can take part in the national election as well as in the state election of the state to which he or she belongs. Narendra Modi The big issues Which elections next? Later this year, four states will hold elections to select new state governments. These states are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Delhi. In 2014, there will be a national election in India. What the BJP is saying:  The Congress has made a mess of things, that India is developing very slowly, thanks to the poor management of the Congress leaders  Companies do not want to invest and set up factories in India as the government has not made the rules clear – as a result India is not able to grow fast. What the Congress is saying:  It has done a lot for the poor of India by offering food at low prices and jobs in rural areas  The BJP has a dangerous leader in Modi who is against people of the Muslim community. Modi is said to have been involved in causing harm to Muslims during the Gujarat riots of 2002 though this has not yet been proven in a court of law.
  6. 6. 6 News CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS October 10, 2013 CFN Bad things do happen in the world, like war, natural disasters, disease. But out of those situations always arise stories of ordinary people doing extraordinary things. —Daryn Kagan US government shuts down The shut down has caused tourist attractions such as the Statue of Liberty to be closed L ast week, the United States (US) government officially shut down. As a result, many government offices stayed closed and government employees were asked to go on leave without pay. This shut down was caused by a disagreement (quarrel) between two of the US’ biggest political parties on how to manage government money. The political parties that are fighting with each other are the Democrats and the Republicans. They each have a different view on how the government should spend its money and how much taxes it should collect. The shutdown is affecting people in different ways, and some World of the consequences of the shutdown are just plain weird!  Hundreds of government employees are staying home with no work  Some scientific research has come to a halt as these programmes were funded by the government  Government museums like the Smithsonian in Washington are closed  National Parks are shut  Since most staff have been asked to stay home, there is just one person maintaining the entire US-Canadian border Typhoon batters China M ore than half a million people had to moved out of their homes in China after a powerful typhoon hit the country’s eastern coast a few days ago. A typhoon is the name given to a storm occurring in the northwest part of the Pacific Ocean. T his year Delhi is experiencing its longest monsoon in 50 years. More rain is expected around Oct 11-12, taking the monsoon period to mid-October. Usually the monsoon season gets over by September 21. The last time Delhi had such an extended monsoon was in 1956 and 1959. The long rainy season has created other problems such as an extended (long) outbreak of dengue in the city. Almost 3000 people in the city have been affected by the disease. High speed winds of more than 100 miles per hour caused the formation of gigantic waves that dashed against the coast. In this photo, a monstrous wave seems to be chasing three soldiers who have been called in to help people. This is not the first time that the US government has shut down. In fact it has shut down 17 times since 1977 (clearly its politicians fight a lot!) and each time it has always come out of the problem. Let’s hope the same is the case this time too. World Delhi’s longest monsoon india
  7. 7. Absolutely, he is a master technician. Any day in my team, he will be number three, because there were so many innings in which he batted brilliantly. When the rest of the guys found it difficult, he was comfortable. — Sachin Tendulkar speaking about Rahul Dravid News CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS October 10, 2013 CFN sp o r ts 7 Mumbai Indians lift Champions League T20 W hat a year it has been for the Mumbai Indians! First, in April, they won the Indian Premier League, and now, last Sunday, they lifted the Champions League T20. This is the second time they have won this trophy, the last was in 2011. It was a fitting end to their star player’s T20 career, as Sachin Tendulkar will no longer play for the squad. He is stepping down to make way for younger cricketers. During the final, the Mumbai Indians middle order hit the ball all over the ground taking 120 runs off the last 8 overs. But the star player for the Mumbai Indians was their former skipper Harbajan Singh. In the crucial (important) 17th over, Singh struck gold taking three wickets for just 4 runs. Singh was named ‘Player of the Match’ while his team mate opener D R Smith was named ‘Player of the Series.’ Goodbye to the old guard It was an important match. Not only was it Tendulkar’s last match for Mumbai Indians, it was also the last time someone would see Rahul Dravid playing competitive cricket. Dravid had earlier announced that he would be retiring from T20 cricket at the end of the Champions League. H Yuvraj back in team e’s done it! Months after being dropped from the Indian cricket team, all-rounder Yuvraj Singh has clawed his way back to the side. He has been named as part of the squad (team) for the T20 and first three One Day Internationals (ODIs) against Australia that will be played from October 13 to 23. Yuvraj Singh last played for India against England in January 2013 and was then dropped due to poor form and fitness. Yuvraj then spend much of the summer at a training camp in France to get back in shape. His efforts have been rewarded with a recall to the Indian side. Yuvraj Singh replaces Dinesh Karthik in the team S P OR T S S P OR T S Sania and Black win China Open S ania Mirza remains India’s best female tennis player todate and she showed us why by winning the China Open with her new doubles partner Cara Black. The pair beat Vera Dushevina and Arantxa Parra Santonja 6-2, 6-2 in straight sets, last Saturday. This is the pair’s second title win in a row. They won the Japan Open in Tokyo two weeks ago.
  8. 8. 8 OWLIE’S FUN PAGE CHILD FRIENDLY NEWS October 10, 2013 CFN Find the hidden objects Spot the PM Can you spot the hidden objects listed at the bottom of the picture? India’s is one of the most important democracies in the world. Over the past 66 years, Indian voters have elected many Prime Ministers. Can you identify some of them? 1 2 4 5 Answers 1. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1965-66) 2. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1998-2004) 3. P V Narasimha Rao (1991-96) 4. Rajiv Gandhi (1984-89) Unscramble the words Re-arrange the alphabets to find the word 1. EOTV Clue: All clues are linked to elections 2. LLOABT 3. LOPL 4. CCYDMEORA Answers 1. Vote 2. Ballot 3. Poll 4. Democracy SUDOKU TIME Try your hand at this Sudoku. Remember that numbers 1 to 6 can appear only once in each of the six rectangles. They can also appear only once in each row and column of the overall square. Answer Subscribe to Child Friendly News Child Friendly News or CFN is an age appropriate newspaper for children in the age group 7-13. The newspaper comes out every fortnight. Every issue is written using language that young readers can understand on their own interspersed with pictures and imagery. Quick explanations of difficult words and terms and boxed elements that explain concepts accompany every article — this is to help build Top Reads for Kids and Young Adults 1. Tigers for Dinner: Tall Tales by Jim Corbett’s Khansama by Ruskin Bond 2. Rumble in the Jungle by Geronimo Stilton 3. Ripley’s Believe It or Not: Dare to Look 4. The Mahabharata by Samhita Arni 5. Lockwood Co. : The Screaming Staircase by Jonathan Stroud 6. Cavemice: The Stone of Fire by Geronimo Stilton 7. Beastly Tales from Here and There by Vikram Seth 8. Time Riders – The Mayan Prophecy by Alex Scarrow 9. My Sister the Vampire: Flipping Out by Sienna Mercer 10. Panda Panic: Running Wild by Jamie Rix To know more about these books and to buy them, check out vocabulary as well as context understanding. Special reports take up one topic in depth while regular columns on everyday technology concepts keep children up-to-date with the world around them.A subscription costs Rs.500 for the year. Child Friendly News is published from C5/7 FF Vasant Vihar, New Delhi 110057. Published, printed, edited and owned by Anita Mani. Printed by Printworks, F-25, Okhla Industrial Area, Ph I, New Delhi 110020 [RNI registration number: DELENG/2013/50870]