They were both a hierarchy in which people at the top had more power and rights than those at the bottom.
The Black Death0 A punishment from God0 Religion was a central part of daily lives0 Christian Church shaped worldview0 People believed they needed the Christian Church to help then get into heaven.
Finish this sentence:In Canada today, ______________ is acentral part of people’s daily lives.
Finish this sentence:In Canada today, ______________ is acentral part of people’s daily lives. What does this suggest about worldviews in our society?
Medieval Map (p. 30)- Shows that religion was an important part of worldview at the time.- Jesus is shown looking over the world and Jerusalem is placed in the center of the world. It also shows that people had little knowledge or understanding of the world beyond Europe and the Middle East.- Heaven is represented by angels. The figure of Jesus is at the top center.- Shows the knowledge they had was not always right.- Reflects religious ideas- Exaggerated size of what is now modern-day Israel and the Palestinian territories- Show that this part of the world was important to the mapmaker, supporting the idea that religion was important to Europeans in the middle Ages
Roles of the Church Continuity Change0 To what extent did 0 To what extent did the roles of the the roles of the Church stay the Church change? same?
Changing Hierarchy (Social Structure)Feudalism Church
Cathedrals- Built more than 1500 churches from 900-1000 A.D in France.- Built more all over Europe- Pride and competition to build the tallest and most beautiful buildings- People put money and labour into building- Involved hundreds of masons, sculptors, carpenters, blacksmiths, and workers- Heavy work was done by serfs and peasants.
The Royal Abbey ofSt. Denis in France- Ordinary people entering a building such as The Royal Abbey of St. Denis in France (pictured here) might have felt very overwhelmed; they might feel they were not worthy of being in such a place.- They might have felt very thankful that God allowed them this experience.- If the Church could prosper by following the teachings of God, then they might have felt their life would be best served by turning their thoughts to God.
The Monastic Life0 Deeply religious people during the medieval and Renaissance times joined a religious order0 Men became monks and entered monasteries0 Women became nuns and entered covenants0 They spent their lives studying religious texts, praying, and working.0 They grew and prepared food for the order, taught children, cared for the sick and the poor, and fed the hungry.
Learning and the Church0 Monks and nuns were well educated0 Some monasteries became great centres of learning during medieval times0 Religious scholars copied Christian religious texts as well as manuscripts from ancient times written in Latin and Greek0 These manuscripts and the ideas they contained contributed to a revival of learning during the Renaissance.0 Universities evolved from religious schools0 Subjects such as grammar, geometry, astronomy, and music were taught0 Training in religion, law, and medicine was also offered0 By the end of the 1400s there were more than 80 universities in Western Europe.0 Women were allowed to attend some universities by the late 1800s
Changing Attitudes Toward Religion0 Some people questioned their faith due to the Black Death0 Became critical of the church 0 Wealthy 0 Owned 1/3 of the land in Europe 0 Earned a large about of money from rent 0 Collected money in tithes 0 Received money from the estates of wealthy members 0 Some members of the clergy enjoyed the wealth
A New Age0 Towns were emerging0 A merchant class was developing0 Less rigid social structure0 Material possessions were becoming more important0 1855 – French historian Jules Michelet came up with the term “Renaissance” to describe the period that was beginning (creativity in the arts and sciences) in Italy.
Abraham Ortelius Map (circa. 1612)Changing Worldviews:- Drawn toward the end of the Renaissance- Abraham Ortelius was a Renaissance map-maker and geographer- Ortelius is believed to have created the first modern atlas that was sold to the public- Prior to the invention of the printing press, maps were only available to the rich and powerful
Changing WorldviewsPsalter Map Abraham Ortelius Map Ortelius’ map shows a more accurate understanding of the world. It includes North and South America and a better understanding of the oceans. It does not have symbols representing religion or legendary figures.
Changing WorldviewsPsalter Map Abraham Ortelius Map People were more interested in worldly pleasures so they would have been more adventurous in finding them. The growing merchant class would have supported exploration to new parts of the world.
Renaissance Personalities Christine de Pisan (1364 – 1430) French poet, philosopher, historian. Educated in ancient languages andliterature. Wrote that women should be allowed to participate more fully in society.
Renaissance Personalities Vasco da Gama c. 1460-1524Portuguese explorer. First person to sail directly from Europe to India. Started “Age of Exploration” during which Europeans began to settle different parts of the world.
Renaissance Personalities Francois 1, King of France 1494-1547 Supported the construction ofbuildings using the new Renaissancearchitecture (e.g., the Louvre in Paris and the Chateau de Chambord).
Renaissance Personalities Martin Luther 1483-1546German religious thinker. Translated the Bible into German. A leading protester and religious reformeragainst the corruption of the Church.
Renaissance Personalities Nicolaus Copernicus 1473-1543 Polish astronomer andmathematician. Published his theorythat the sun is near the center of theuniverse, not the Earth. Consideredthe father of modern astronomy and science.
Renaissance Personalities Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519Architect, inventor, engineer, painter,musician. Painted one of the world’s most famous paintings, the MonaLisa. One of the great geniuses of all time.