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Edo japan


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Edo japan

  1. 1. A Closed Society
  2. 2.  In what ways might a country’s choice to remain isolated both reflect its worldview and result from its worldview?
  3. 3.  In the early 1500s, Japan had welcomed Portuguese traders. By 1848, Japan was driving away outsiders. Why?
  4. 4.  By late 1500s and early 1600s, the ruling shogun came to consider foreigners threat to his military control (daimyo might challenge the shogun’s authority with European weapons) Shogun felt loyalty to a Christian God and the Church were threats to his authority 1614, ordered all Christian missionaries to leave the country; destroyed churches; Japanese Christians executed Persecution lasted until 1640 – estimated many thousands of Japanese Christian and about 70 missionaries were put to death.
  5. 5.  When the shogun ordered the Christian daimyos to give up their new religion, they usually followed his orders. Converted ronin and peasants were more defiant. Why do you think the lower classes were more likely to defy the shogun’s orders and keep their new religious beliefs? Why did missionaries risk death to try to convert the Japanese?
  6. 6.  Missionaries continued to come to Japan disguised as traders. Because of this, shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu passed isolation, or exclusion, laws. The penalty for breaking any of these laws was death.
  7. 7.  All Christian missionaries and foreign traders were forced to leave Japan. Newcomers were no longer allowed to enter. The Japanese were not allowed to go abroad. Ships large enough to make long voyages could no longer be built and exiting ones were destroyed. Japanese who were out of the country were forbidden to return. Most foreign objects were forbidden. All foreign books containing a Christian message were banned; scientific books were forbidden.
  8. 8.  In addition, the shogunate tightened controls on movement within Japan.  Needed special documents to travel from one domain to another  Curfew (night)  Wheeled transport was banned
  9. 9.  In 1639, the shogun banned Portuguese ships in Japan and expelled all foreigners except for Dutch, Korean, and Chinese traders. The isolation policy was for national security (eliminate threats to his power and protect Japanese culture).