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Chapter 9SPAIN LOOKS WESTWARD
THE SPANISH WORLDVIEW OF COLUMBUS’ TIME Religious intolerance Emphasis on gold Maritime confidence
GEOGRAPHY AND RELIGION             EuropeSpain            Africa
HOW MIGHT THE LOCATION OF A COUNTRYINFLUENCE ITS RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES?
AL-ANDALUS, MUSLIM SPAIN Most of Spain was Christian at the beginning  of the middles ages. Spain was ruled by the Visig...
YEAR 711: MUSLIM FORCES Tariq ibn-Ziyad landed in Spain with his  Muslim forces. Conquered almost the entire Iberian  Pe...
LIFE AND SOCIETY Spain was part of the Islamic world for the  next five centuries. The Arab Islamic world was part of th...
CENTRES OF LEARNING Learning was greatly valued (understand the  universe; aid in living an ethical life). World’s first...
RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE Tolerant of religious minorities. Read religious Tolerance on p. 198
The area of jurisdictionof Islamic rulers.In 1000s, Spain began todecline due to ineffectiverulers which led to civilunres...
RECONQUISTA Began as a way for the Christian kingdoms  to expand their power and influence. Was also a war based on reli...
TIMELINE:   Because of its location, Spain was influenced    by the Arab world and the Muslim religion.
TIMELINE:   Tariq ibn-Ziyad crossing the Sait of Gibraltar    and landing in Spain.
TIMELINE:   Muslims expand across the Iberian    Peninsula and conquer all of it.
TIMELINE:   New rulers construct mosque at Cordoba to    help create national identity.
TIMELINE:   Exchange of goods and ideas to and from    Spain
TIMELINE:   Music, art and architecture reflect Islamic    values
TIMELINE:   Cordoba and Granada become centres of    learning
TIMELINE:   Muslim Spain was largely tolerant of minority    religions.
TIMELINE:   Weak leaders led to civil unrest
TIMELINE:   Number of independent states replace a    unified Spanish nation
TIMELINE:   Quarrelling among local leaders weakens the    country.
TIMELINE:   Christian kingdoms begin to expand across    Spain (The Reconquista)
VOCABULARY   Mosque: a sacred place of worship in the Islamic    faith   Hadith: the authenticated sayings of the Prophe...
CREATING A CHRISTIAN SPAIN King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella  (declared Christian Monarchs by the pope in  Rome) Wanted ...
RECONQUISTA Long process Christian crusaders (European) helped the  Spanish Christian forces win territory from  the Mus...
THE SPANISH INQUISITION King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella Catholic Monarchs Christian Crusaders from Europe Helped Spa...
THE SPANISH INQUISITION State-run system of courts Church officials put non-Christian believers  on trial Convert or be...
THE SPANISH INQUISITION – NEGATIVE EFFECTS   Spanish Jews/Muslims – large part of    educated middle class (financiers/bu...
SAVING SOULS King Ferdinand and Queen  Isabella believed it was  their duty of convert  people to Catholicism Supported ...
GOLD AND GLORY Key motivation for European explorers Personal Country – economic Buy the things they lacked Pay for w...
WEATH IN SPAIN 1492 – Spain used up its gold and silver  reserves Crusades had been expensive Read p. 208 – 209 Handou...
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Chapter 9 notes

  1. 1. Chapter 9SPAIN LOOKS WESTWARD
  2. 2. THE SPANISH WORLDVIEW OF COLUMBUS’ TIME Religious intolerance Emphasis on gold Maritime confidence
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY AND RELIGION EuropeSpain Africa
  4. 4. HOW MIGHT THE LOCATION OF A COUNTRYINFLUENCE ITS RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES?
  5. 5. AL-ANDALUS, MUSLIM SPAIN Most of Spain was Christian at the beginning of the middles ages. Spain was ruled by the Visigoths (invaded Spain from the north at the end of the Roman Empire). Spain became vulnerable (allowing Muslims to take control) due to:  Internalstruggles  A series of weak rulers
  6. 6. YEAR 711: MUSLIM FORCES Tariq ibn-Ziyad landed in Spain with his Muslim forces. Conquered almost the entire Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal). In 785 began building the Aljama Mosque of Cordoba (expanded over the next 200 years). Many Christian converted to Islam, but some did not.
  7. 7. LIFE AND SOCIETY Spain was part of the Islamic world for the next five centuries. The Arab Islamic world was part of the largest economic trade zone in the world. Goods and ideas were exchanged between places as far as Spain, Egypt, Syria, Zanzibar and Indonesia. Muslim rulers supported the arts (reflected Islamic values).
  8. 8. CENTRES OF LEARNING Learning was greatly valued (understand the universe; aid in living an ethical life). World’s first university was established in Cairo in 971. Muslim scholars studied medicine and science. Muslim and Jewish scholars translated books and essays of the ancient Greeks.
  9. 9. RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE Tolerant of religious minorities. Read religious Tolerance on p. 198
  10. 10. The area of jurisdictionof Islamic rulers.In 1000s, Spain began todecline due to ineffectiverulers which led to civilunrest and thesectioning of Al-Andaluzinto a number ofindependentprincipalities (states)CALIPHATE
  11. 11. RECONQUISTA Began as a way for the Christian kingdoms to expand their power and influence. Was also a war based on religious differences During this time the Spanish developed a new way of fighting on the battlefield. Read p. 199
  12. 12. TIMELINE: Because of its location, Spain was influenced by the Arab world and the Muslim religion.
  13. 13. TIMELINE: Tariq ibn-Ziyad crossing the Sait of Gibraltar and landing in Spain.
  14. 14. TIMELINE: Muslims expand across the Iberian Peninsula and conquer all of it.
  15. 15. TIMELINE: New rulers construct mosque at Cordoba to help create national identity.
  16. 16. TIMELINE: Exchange of goods and ideas to and from Spain
  17. 17. TIMELINE: Music, art and architecture reflect Islamic values
  18. 18. TIMELINE: Cordoba and Granada become centres of learning
  19. 19. TIMELINE: Muslim Spain was largely tolerant of minority religions.
  20. 20. TIMELINE: Weak leaders led to civil unrest
  21. 21. TIMELINE: Number of independent states replace a unified Spanish nation
  22. 22. TIMELINE: Quarrelling among local leaders weakens the country.
  23. 23. TIMELINE: Christian kingdoms begin to expand across Spain (The Reconquista)
  24. 24. VOCABULARY Mosque: a sacred place of worship in the Islamic faith Hadith: the authenticated sayings of the Prophet Muhammed Caliph: a supreme ruler under the Islamic faith Caliphate: the area of jurisdiction of Islamic rulers Principalities: small areas often ruled by princes Martyr: a person who is willing to die for his convictions or beliefs Reconquista: the Christian reconquest of Spain from the Muslims
  25. 25. CREATING A CHRISTIAN SPAIN King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella (declared Christian Monarchs by the pope in Rome) Wanted to create unity in Spain by;  Unifying religions or outlaw any that competed with the Catholic Church.  Distributing economic wealth more uniformly throughout regions  Go to war to create a common enemy
  26. 26. RECONQUISTA Long process Christian crusaders (European) helped the Spanish Christian forces win territory from the Muslims. Granada was captured on January 2, 1492. From the Pyrenees Mountains in the north to the Rock of Gibraltar in the south, Spain was now a Christian land.
  27. 27. THE SPANISH INQUISITION King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella Catholic Monarchs Christian Crusaders from Europe Helped Spanish Christian forces regain land from Muslims Took over the Spanish Inquisition from the Church
  28. 28. THE SPANISH INQUISITION State-run system of courts Church officials put non-Christian believers on trial Convert or be exiled Some left Spain; some pretended to convert Muslims/Jews lived in fear
  29. 29. THE SPANISH INQUISITION – NEGATIVE EFFECTS Spanish Jews/Muslims – large part of educated middle class (financiers/business people/economic)
  30. 30. SAVING SOULS King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella believed it was their duty of convert people to Catholicism Supported Columbus Missionaries
  31. 31. GOLD AND GLORY Key motivation for European explorers Personal Country – economic Buy the things they lacked Pay for wars (protection) Take over other territories
  32. 32. WEATH IN SPAIN 1492 – Spain used up its gold and silver reserves Crusades had been expensive Read p. 208 – 209 Handout Group activities on Columbus for remainder of week.

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