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Mnsis Ppts


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The presentation made during the INDEST Workshop & SIS 2008 Conference held at IIM Indore during 4-6 Dec 08.

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Mnsis Ppts

  1. 1. ROLE OF LIBRARIES IN THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY ERA Dr. M. Natarajan Scientist, NISCAIR [email_address]
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Knowledge society (KS) applied on: </li></ul><ul><li> - The application of technology, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- new intellectual approaches to understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trajectories of development around the globe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- access to ICT, education, political participation, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- employment and economic opportunity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed world is entering an era called &quot;The Knowledge Economy&quot; or Knowledge-based Economy, that a &quot;Knowledge Revolution&quot; is occurring. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Characteristics of shaping new environment include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge society, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge-based economy, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge-intensive organization, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge workers, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organizational knowledge, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge management, & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>competitive intelligence and so forth. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Library Community <ul><li>Knowledge revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Information highway, </li></ul><ul><li>Allow people to access wealth of K. </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as a humane and people-centered place </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of the economics based on the production, distribution and use of knowledge and information was charted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) </li></ul>
  5. 5. OECD’s concern <ul><li>Knowledge production – the research and development of new knowledge; </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge transmission - education, training and development of people; </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge transfer – the diffusion of knowledge and innovation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. DEFINITION <ul><li>Knowledge Economy (KE) - defined as production and services based on knowledge-intensive activities that contribute to an accelerated pace of technological and scientific advance as well as equally rapid obsolescence. </li></ul><ul><li>KE’s wide array of activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>focuses on the rise of new science-based industries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>professional services – publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>theoretical knowledge as a source of innovation </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. KNOWLEDGE REVOLUTION <ul><li>Rapid advancement of S & T in general and information technology in particular. </li></ul><ul><li>A radical paradigm transformation is occurring in economic and social systems. </li></ul><ul><li>The Knowledge Revolution is the process of paradigm shift on the way to KE. </li></ul><ul><li>OECD suggests innovation has developed from a linear model to a more complex. </li></ul>
  8. 8. KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY, SOCIETY AND LIBRARIES <ul><li>K has become the driving force for social development. </li></ul><ul><li>The attention of the society to information and K (I & K) is rising </li></ul><ul><li>People's demands for I & K are increasing step by step. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge has become an important aspect in libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of KM in libraries is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to promote the knowledge exchange among library staffs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strengthen innovation consciousness and abilities, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>arise the library staffs' enthusiasm and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>abilities for learning, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>making the K most efficiently applied to business activities of the library, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rebuilding the library into a learning organization. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. KE in Library environment <ul><li>Distance and location pose no obstacles to economic development, social intercourse, learning, business success and full participation in society (infrastructure and access) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is increasingly available to everyone, and everyone is skilled to make wiser decisions in all aspects of life (people and lifelong learning) </li></ul><ul><li>A knowledge culture enables new thinking, linkages and abstract thoughts (culture and ideas generation) </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation enables good ideas to be realised into intellectual and social capital to create wealth and social good (innovation, intellectual and social capital), and </li></ul><ul><li>Information renewal is brought about through personal, social and corporate re-investment in information and its related technologies (information renewal and reinvestment). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Infrastructure and Access <ul><li>Availability of infrastructure, physical and virtual, enables I & K to be drawn from anywhere; and the resulting product or service to be exported anywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports social, research and business interaction at any time and in any place. </li></ul><ul><li>KE and society exists in a multi-network, multi-device environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Access devices include digital TV, set-top boxes, digital assistants and consumer appliances, etc. </li></ul>
  11. 11. People and Lifelong Learning <ul><li>People must learn constantly & differently to adapt and progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant changes in technology and the social and economic environment will present lifelong challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians can be key players in the lifelong learning process. </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries will build learning environments that enable formal and informal learning. </li></ul><ul><li>They add value in developing individual and collective minds through other programs & activities. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Culture and Ideas Generation <ul><li>K cultures can be fostered at national, community or organisational level. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a strong community awareness of the importance and contribution that science, technology and innovation can make to the economy and society. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning and ideas generation are encouraged across the whole community. </li></ul><ul><li>The generation of new ideas depends upon, there being a supportive community environment for </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for people to collaborate, share their learning, and collectively use their brainpower and experiences to create new ideas. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Innovation, Intellectual & Social Capital <ul><li>Innovation is the process that turns good ideas and opportunities into intellectual and social capital, from which new products and services are created. </li></ul><ul><li>They create new jobs and economic growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries can also provide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>early warning of developments about competitors, technology, economic or legislative change that could adversely affect the development of the new products or services, and ultimately the business success of the organisation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identify new markets or business opportunities, by making connections and identifying latent needs, by scanning trade publications or market analysts' reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>source new suppliers or provide SDI and specific research services to support the innovation process. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Information Renewal and Reinvestment <ul><li>A continued investment in renewing information sources and systems is essential for continued growth and prosperity. </li></ul><ul><li>New ways of sharing and using corporate knowledge, taking advantage of emerging technologies and convergence need to be found. </li></ul><ul><li>There also needs to be a strong investment in the organisation's most critical resource, its people. </li></ul><ul><li>Whilst access to information is important, ideas come from people sharing their knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently, there needs to be continued investment in personal development, knowledge generation and knowledge sharing activities. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Digital Economy <ul><li>It is out of the critical combination of the technological infrastructure and the consequent knowledge revolution that e-business is emerging. </li></ul><ul><li>Web sites, databases and online services reach the critical mass required to capture markets as the cost to service these networks decreases to zero. </li></ul><ul><li>Larger businesses have been increasing efficiencies through standardizing and automating routine transactions electronically. </li></ul>
  16. 16. LIBRARIANS AS KNOWLEDGE WORKERS <ul><li>Knowledge workers, whose jobs rely on their ability to find, synthesize, communicate and apply K, are becoming the most valuable resource in the KS. </li></ul><ul><li>To succeed as K workers librarians need to understand: </li></ul><ul><li>The true nature of information (what makes certain information highly valuable, & other information completely worthless). </li></ul><ul><li>How K is acquired, constructed, transferred and otherwise shared with other members of the organisation or society?. </li></ul><ul><li>How to harness the power of individuals by supporting them with communication and IT & other tools?. </li></ul><ul><li>How to enhance the learning capabilities?. </li></ul><ul><li>How to prepare/stimulate, maintain and strengthen the knowledge culture? </li></ul><ul><li>How to extend their skills into managing knowledge, how to manage “knowledge space” (enabling research, supporting innovation)?. </li></ul><ul><li>The ethical responsibilities of working with I & K. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Success as knowledge workers <ul><li>Depends on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eg. Library portals (or vortals). </li></ul><ul><li>Such products promotes cooperation between librarians from different libraries, different cities or sometimes outside cities / countries . </li></ul><ul><li>It promotes communication with experts. </li></ul>
  18. 18. CONCLUSION <ul><li>The new knowledge environment is a period of rapid change for all information professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians create more and more effective systems, </li></ul><ul><li>which enable information to be turned into knowledge and solutions giving equal access for different socio-economic groups to a network of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries play a strong role in facilitating access to information, in sustaining lifelong learning, strengthening the knowledge culture, enabling research and international collaboration, supporting innovation & the commercialisation of research, and in advocating to ensure information renewal. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thanks