ICT Awareness, Internet Literacy Skills  and Internet Searching Patterns of College Library Users of Barak Valley,        ...
Break-up of Paper• Introduction      – Brief Account of College Libraries of South Assam•    Objectives , Scope and Delimi...
Introduction     The rapid growth of information and communication technologies     have gave rise to the evolution of sev...
Objective of the Study• To examine the status of ICT Awareness and Internet  Literacy among the College Library Users of B...
Objectives                                Cont...• To evaluate the purpose and frequency of using  Internet;• To examine t...
Hypotheses Framed  • All the respondents may not be ICT /    Internet Literate and Comfortable using    Computer.  • The I...
Scope of the Study• It also highlights the extent of Internet  awareness;• It also reflects Information Literacy for  acce...
Delimitation of the Study• The present study was delimited to Library Users of ten  selected college libraries of Barak Va...
Research Methodology Adopted• Sampling• The stratified random sampling technique was  used to collect the data from the po...
Methodology Cont...• Design of Questionnaire• To elicit the opinion of the respondents for  Internet Awareness , Internet ...
Methodology Cont...• Administration and Collection of Questionnaire• The questionnaire has been distributed to 400 College...
Methodology Cont...• Data Analysis and Interpretations• The data collected were carefully analyzed and  processed.• The co...
Data Analysis and Interpretations• After Survey, the data have been coded,  tabulated and analysed for survey findings.• T...
College Libraries of Barak Valley,          South AssamFriday, December 07, 2012   SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar   14
Data Analysis & Major Findings  Distribution of Questionnaire to the Respondent and Responses                             ...
College Wise Distribution and  Receipt of of Questionnaire (N=304)           40        40      40   38 40     40        40...
Districts- Wise Distribution of      College Library Users (N=304)                            Number of Respondent        ...
Sex-Wise Distribution of Respondents /       College Library Users (N=304)                                                ...
Age- Wise Distribution of Respondnets /       College Library Users (N=304)     180                   171     160     140 ...
Category Wise Distribution of      College Library Users (N=304)                                                          ...
Experience-Wise Distribution of   College Library Users (N=140)                                                           ...
Income/ Family Income Group - wise      Distribution of College Library Users (N=304)       200       150                 ...
Library Usgae Pattern of             College Library Users                Frequency of library visit (n=304)              ...
Ranking for the Purpose of Library Visit by                 Respondents (N= 304)                            Details       ...
Internet Awareness of Respondents                     (N= 304 )                            Internet Awareness of responden...
Rating/ Extent of Internet Literacy            Skills (N=304)                            6%                               ...
Frequency of Internet Usage (N= 304 )              79                                58                                   ...
Desired Information Searching on           Internet by Library Users (N=304)  Details of Searching Pattern                ...
Problems Faced by Library Users         Difficulties faced in access to use of information                            (N=3...
Suggestion for better use of library services                      (N=304 each)                             Suggestion det...
Correlation between Awareness of ICT      and Internet Literacy and Extent of               Internet LiteracyFriday, Decem...
Correlation between Use of Search      Engine (Google) and Internet Literacy                      SkillsFriday, December 0...
Correlation between Age Group and  Usgae of E-resource by College            Library UsersFriday, December 07, 2012   SIS ...
Suggestions and Recommendations• There is an urgent need to automate the college libraries  as early as possible for the m...
Suggestions and                 Recommendations• More computers/Terminals with latest configurations     should be made av...
Conclusion•    A rapid change in information seeking behaviour and use of Internet for On-     line access of E-resources ...
Thank youFriday, December 07, 2012   SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar   37
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Ict awareness, internet literacy skills and internet searching patterns of college library users of barak valley, south assam a survey

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Paper presented at SIS 2012 Conference held at NIT Silchar organised by Dr. K C Satpathy

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Ict awareness, internet literacy skills and internet searching patterns of college library users of barak valley, south assam a survey

  1. 1. ICT Awareness, Internet Literacy Skills and Internet Searching Patterns of College Library Users of Barak Valley, South Assam: A Survey Dr. Manoj Kumar Sinha Reader and Head of the Department DLISc, Assam University Sudip Bhattacharjee MLISc Student, Assam University & Sucheta Bhattacharjee MLISc Student, Assam University
  2. 2. Break-up of Paper• Introduction – Brief Account of College Libraries of South Assam• Objectives , Scope and Delimitation of Study• Review of Literature• Methodology Adopted• Data Analysis and Interpretations• Major Findings• Suggestions and Recommendations• ConclusionFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 2
  3. 3. Introduction The rapid growth of information and communication technologies have gave rise to the evolution of several new jargons like paperless society, electronic resources, portal / gateway and global digital library. In the present day context , all types of libraries viz: academic, public and special are not only providing printed resources to their library users rather they provide printed, electronic as well as other Internet resources like e-books and databases for fulfilling the day to day academic and research requirements of the library users. The present study projects the effectiveness of sources and services of college libraries of South Assam which are affiliated to Assam University, Silchar. The study also examines the effective channels through which information is accessed.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 3
  4. 4. Objective of the Study• To examine the status of ICT Awareness and Internet Literacy among the College Library Users of Barak Valley , South Assam ;• To find out the preference of search engines for information searching ;• To find out the preferences of using Internet Services and tools by the respondents;• To find out the preference of Internet Service providers ;• To examine the preference of place and time for Internet access by the library users;Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 4
  5. 5. Objectives Cont...• To evaluate the purpose and frequency of using Internet;• To examine the usefulness of Internet Resources;• To find out the preference of search engines for information searching ;• To examine the various problems faced by the respondents for the Internet services and accessing to Interenet ; and• To examine the various suggestions put forwarded by the respondents for the improvement of Internet Services in college libraries.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 5
  6. 6. Hypotheses Framed • All the respondents may not be ICT / Internet Literate and Comfortable using Computer. • The Income and Frequency of library visit of the Library Users may not have direct impact on Internet searching patterns.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 6
  7. 7. Scope of the Study• It also highlights the extent of Internet awareness;• It also reflects Information Literacy for accessing to various resources; and• The suggestions put forwarded by the respondents for the improvement of the Internet Services faced by them.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 7
  8. 8. Delimitation of the Study• The present study was delimited to Library Users of ten selected college libraries of Barak Valley, South Assam which are affiliated to the Assam University, Silchar. The data pertaining to the study were collected through the questionnaires; interview-schedule and personal observation of the investigators. The reliability of the facts depends on the honesty of the respondents.The socioeconomic status and nature of the libary users have not been taken into consideration which might have affected the findings.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 8
  9. 9. Research Methodology Adopted• Sampling• The stratified random sampling technique was used to collect the data from the population.• The present study includes 400 respondents using Internet drawn from ten college library users of Barak Valley of South Assam which are affiliated to Assam University, Silchar.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 9
  10. 10. Methodology Cont...• Design of Questionnaire• To elicit the opinion of the respondents for Internet Awareness , Internet Skills and Information Searching Pattern of the college library users, the questionnaire comprising of 18 questions was designed.• The questionnaire was distributed the respondents as per the requirement of the objectives of the present study.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 10
  11. 11. Methodology Cont...• Administration and Collection of Questionnaire• The questionnaire has been distributed to 400 College Library Users comprises of undergraduate students, faculty members, staff and research scholars.• The respondents were requested them to fill the questionnaire as per their convenience and returned the questionnaire to the investigators as early as possible.• The filled up questionnaires have been collected from the respondents for the data analysis and interpretation.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 11
  12. 12. Methodology Cont...• Data Analysis and Interpretations• The data collected were carefully analyzed and processed.• The collected data has been tabulated and in the present paper results have been shown in the tabular and graphical format.• As the investigators have approached the library users personally, response rate is significantly high.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 12
  13. 13. Data Analysis and Interpretations• After Survey, the data have been coded, tabulated and analysed for survey findings.• The results have been presented in Graphical/ Tabular format.• Percentage technique was adopted for data analysis and in some cases statistical techniques have been appliedFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 13
  14. 14. College Libraries of Barak Valley, South AssamFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 14
  15. 15. Data Analysis & Major Findings Distribution of Questionnaire to the Respondent and Responses Received 24% Received Not received(96 numbers) 76% (304 numbers)Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 15
  16. 16. College Wise Distribution and Receipt of of Questionnaire (N=304) 40 40 40 38 40 40 40 40 40 40 37 40 40 34 37 35 31 30 27 30 23 25 25 22 20 15 10 5 0 Questionnaire Responded receivedFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 16
  17. 17. Districts- Wise Distribution of College Library Users (N=304) Number of Respondent Cachar Hailakandi KarimganjFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 17
  18. 18. Sex-Wise Distribution of Respondents / College Library Users (N=304) 54% (165 no.) Male 46% Female (139 no.)Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 18
  19. 19. Age- Wise Distribution of Respondnets / College Library Users (N=304) 180 171 160 140 120 100 80 60 45 48 40 34 20 6 0 16-25 26-35 36-50 51- Above Not responce No. of RespondentsFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 19
  20. 20. Category Wise Distribution of College Library Users (N=304) No. of Respondents 91 (91%) 151 (76%) 200 150 100 50 42 84%) ( 0 20(40%) Faculty Student Staff Research ScholarFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 20
  21. 21. Experience-Wise Distribution of College Library Users (N=140) 92 25 13 10 Less than 1 1-3 year 4-6 year More than 6 year yearFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 21
  22. 22. Income/ Family Income Group - wise Distribution of College Library Users (N=304) 200 150 166 100 50 4 28 57 0 49 Less than 50,000 50,000-1 Lakes 1 Lakes -2 Lakes 2 Lakes above Not Responce No. of RespondentsFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 22
  23. 23. Library Usgae Pattern of College Library Users Frequency of library visit (n=304) 112 120 100 80 89 60 54 40 20 0 7 26 Daily 16 Weekly Bi-weekly Fortnightly Monthly Not Regularly No of respondentsFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 23
  24. 24. Ranking for the Purpose of Library Visit by Respondents (N= 304) Details Rank 1To keep Up-to-date on the subject ofinterest 2For learning to prepare for competition 3For Academic assignment 4For Career development and growth 5For reading book, newspaper, etc.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 24
  25. 25. Internet Awareness of Respondents (N= 304 ) Internet Awareness of respondents Yes 84% No 16%Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 25
  26. 26. Rating/ Extent of Internet Literacy Skills (N=304) 6% 51% 43% Novice Intermediate ExpertFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 26
  27. 27. Frequency of Internet Usage (N= 304 ) 79 58 55 50 49 Frequency 13 Weekly Monthly Fortnightly Not Daily Bi-weekly RegularlyFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 27
  28. 28. Desired Information Searching on Internet by Library Users (N=304) Details of Searching Pattern RankThrough search engine 1By popularity 2Discussion with colleagues 3Takes help from library staff 4Evaluating website information 5Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 28
  29. 29. Problems Faced by Library Users Difficulties faced in access to use of information (N=304 each) Details of problem Rank Non-ability of adequate material 1 slow speed on internet 2 Lack of awareness of e-resource 3 Inability to search catalogue 4 Lack of time to visit 5 Non cooperation from staff 6Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 29
  30. 30. Suggestion for better use of library services (N=304 each) Suggestion details Rank To develope adequate collection development policy 1 E-resources/ Internet training program 2 More no. Of terminal to each department 3 Regular power supply 4 CAS and SDI service 5Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 30
  31. 31. Correlation between Awareness of ICT and Internet Literacy and Extent of Internet LiteracyFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 31
  32. 32. Correlation between Use of Search Engine (Google) and Internet Literacy SkillsFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 32
  33. 33. Correlation between Age Group and Usgae of E-resource by College Library UsersFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 33
  34. 34. Suggestions and Recommendations• There is an urgent need to automate the college libraries as early as possible for the modernisation of library services;• ICT trained and skilled library professionals / staff should be recruited for the betterment of the library services;• The College Authority should conduct training programme for Information Communication Technology (ICT application) / Internet awareness, access of e-resources, E- Books, E-journals for the College Library users and they should be encouraged to take part in the E-ResourceFriday, December 07, 2012 programme; awareness SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 34
  35. 35. Suggestions and Recommendations• More computers/Terminals with latest configurations should be made available in the library so that the users can use Internet, e-resources and e-journals and other useful services of the Internet effectively;•• To utilize the facilities of e-journals access provided under N-LIST Consortium of INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad, the campus wide local area network should be strengthen and made available in the different academic departments, computer centers, faculty residence and all boys and girls hostel of the colleges for maximum utilization of E-Friday, December 07, 2012 ; Resources SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 35
  36. 36. Conclusion• A rapid change in information seeking behaviour and use of Internet for On- line access of E-resources have become the vital part of various information needs;• The On-line journals ie e-journals are the most important for the research community. It is proved that the on-line journals / web resources save the times of the users.• This study helps to improve the facilities and services related to facility of providing ICT and Internet Literacy Programme access to various Internet resources/ On-line access / Web-Resources. for• If proper training is imparted to the college library users , the performance of the Undergraduate students, research scholars and college teachers of Barak Valley of South Assam in particular and Assam / N E Region general will be improved for making them ICT and Internet Literate for effectively accessing to Internet/ Web Resources for their academic and reseach work.Friday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 36
  37. 37. Thank youFriday, December 07, 2012 SIS Conference _2012, NIT Silchar 37

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