The future of science berkeley 12 5 12

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This is a presentation used by our organization to create interactive discussions in the scientific community. The intention is to share current trends and data in support of discussions about what we really want, for the future of science, for scientists in training, and for society.

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The future of science berkeley 12 5 12

  1. 1. THE FUTURE OF SCIENCEYOUR FUTURE IN SCIENCE Host: Integrative Biology Women in ScienceA Third Space Event December 5, 2012 University of California, BerkeleyYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  2. 2. An Interactive Dialog with Jack Bulat Kennan Kellaris Salinero Yámana Science and Technology University of California, BerkeleyYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  3. 3. Take-Aways• We are in a time of structural change in science – mostly expressed as stress and pain points• Where are we headed?• We invite you to – take this on personally – stay attentive, stay connected, ‗own it‘ – take this on with friends – build communitiesYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  4. 4. Individual Factors of Success 1. Proactive agent of change 2. Empathetic (friendly, approachable, and collaborative) 3. Simultaneous short-term and long- term perspective 4. Self-aware 5. Positive 6. Resilient from ―Women of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics: A Qualitative Exploration in Factors of Success‖ thesis, Jeanine K. Olund, 2012 Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  5. 5. Science – End of an Era? Lifting the Veil: The Feminine Face of ScienceYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  6. 6. Beginning of this Era: WWII By 1998: ―The 50 years since the end of World War II have seen unprecedented growth in the life sciences.‖ from NAS Trends in the Early Careers of Life Scientists, Shirley Tilghman (1998) Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  7. 7. Purpose of the StructureCombined graduate education and basic research―Publicly and privately supported colleges anduniversities and the endowed research institutesmust furnish both the new scientific knowledge andthe trained research workers.‖ ‗Science the Endless Frontier‘ A Report to President Roosevelt, July 1945 by Vannevar Bush*Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  8. 8. Is this frontier really ‗endless?‘ • ―Can an effective program be proposed for discovering and developing scientific talent in American youth so that the continuing future of scientific research in this country may be assured on a level comparable to what has been done during the war?‖ from Science the Endless Frontier, Vannevar Bush (1946) • Fifty years later: ―The 50 years since the end of World War II have seen unprecedented growth in the life sciences.― from NAS Trends in the Early Careers of Life Scientists, Shirley Tilghman (1998) Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  9. 9. …no….it seems notThe world is producing more PhDs than ever before. Is it time to stop?Nature 472: 276-279 (2011)David Cyranoski , Natasha Gilbert , Heidi Ledford , Anjali Nayar &Mohammed YahiaYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  10. 10. One current outcome showed up ‗Loud and Proud‘ in recent years Delivered at the National Academies Summit on the U.S. Science and Engineering Workforce November 12, 2002. Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  11. 11. Trends in % of faculty positions taken by PhD graduates 60% 50% 40% 1965 30% 1980s 2006 20% 10% 0% #Biol PhDs to Physics Chemistry Engineering Facutly * from Paula Stephan‘s ―The Economics of Science‖ Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  12. 12. Complexity: Doubling of Budget, Fewer Grants Downstream • The NIH budget doubled between 1998 and 2003, flooding NIH with billions more dollars over a relatively brief time • YET the percentage of research proposals funded by NIH dropped from 32% in 2001 to 18% in 2011 Science 20 April 2007: Vol. 316 no. 5823 pp. 356-361 and ScienceInsider January 2012 Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  13. 13. NIH grant funding rates http://report.nih.gov/index.aspxYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  14. 14. Universities and Research Institutes air their concerns; March 2008 ―No one is concentrating just on research anymore—we all have half a dozen jobs now.‖ Anne Giersch http://www.unitedformedicalresearch.com/wp- content/uploads/2012/07/Broken-Pipeline.pdf Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  15. 15. From Broken Pipeline Manifesto ―No one is concentrating just on research anymore—we all have half a dozen jobs now.‖ Anne Giersch, assistant professor, Harvardhttp://www.unitedformedicalresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Broken-Pipeline.pdfYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  16. 16. And more…“What a strange business this is: We stay inschool forever. We have to battle the systemwith only a one in eight or one in ten chanceof getting funded. We give up making a livinguntil our forties. And we do it because wewant to help the world. What kind of crazyperson would go for that?”Nancy Andrews, M.D., Ph.D.Dean, Duke University Medical Schoolhttp://www.unitedformedicalresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Broken-Pipeline.pdf Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  17. 17. NIH DirectorFrancis Collins: ―it is time for NIH to develop better models to guide decisions about the optimum size and nature of the U.S. workforce for biomedical research.‖Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  18. 18. Other Countries, Other Trends In China they are beginning to do two things: 1. University students are going directly into one of their premiere Genomics Research institutes* 2. Young PhDs are being hired directly into faculty and leadership positions * Nature 464: 7 (2010): Do Scientists Really Need a PhD? Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  19. 19. What‘s in it for You? Helping others? GRANTS? STATUS? Contribution? Saving the World? Life-style? Clean Energy? Publications? Family? ‗Being Smart?‘ Curing Diseases?Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  20. 20. The other Universe of Science… Hue and Cry for more STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) capable workers in the workforce Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  21. 21. A growing need for STEM education…. ―16 of the 20 occupations with the largest projected growth in the next decade are STEM related, but only 4 of them require an advanced degree.”Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  22. 22. December 2012 Signatories includes ASBMB Dear Members of Congress: The United States is in the midst of a national talent crisis that will have significant and long-term economic consequences if we do not improve our education pipeline for students trained in science, technology (including computer science), engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. http://www.stemedcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/Letter-Major- NGOs-Urge-Congress-to-Address-National-Talent-Crisis-12-3-12.pdfYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  23. 23. K-12 STEM…and on to college: communication gap “What postsecondary instructors expect entering college students to know is far more targeted and specific than what high school teachers view as important.” Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  24. 24. Steady as She Goes? Three Generations of Students through the Science and Engineering Pipeline * October 2009Study oflaborstatistics, high schooltest scoressince 1972by B.LindsayLowellHalSalzmanHamutal presented at:Bernstein Association for Public Policy Analysis and ManagementEverett Washington, D.C. November 7, 2009Henderson Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  25. 25. On being a scientista survey that Paula Stephan and two others gave to ask priority of what scientists do science for – intellectual challenge and independence uniformly score highest …..and……yet……Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  26. 26. ―How Economics Shapes Science‖ …..and……yet…… PhDs forego 30% of earning potential vs MBA students Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  27. 27. One Solution to the Two Universes: Turn PhD recipients into teachers! Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  28. 28. to which Paula Stephan (an economist) says….―This raises serious efficiency concerns to economists…surely there is a more efficient way to increase the supply than by transforming people who have invested seven years of training in graduate school and another three to four as postdocs into teachers.‖Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  29. 29. Remember the ‗WHY‘ Fresh water supply Health Rise in autism, diabetes, heart diseaseOpportunity Cool Things! Fish populations crashing Energy Wicked ProblemsYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  30. 30. Intellectual CuriosityPostulate: The biggest perk of graduate school in science is getting paid to learn. Is a Science Ph.D. a Waste of Time? Don’t feel too sorry for graduate students. It’s worth it. By Daniel Lametti In Slate Magazine, posted Friday, Aug. 31, 2012Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  31. 31. Stress creates new outcomes Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  32. 32. One Brain Many Brains Complex problems require more input and discovery than one ‗brain‘ can hold For many brains to work together effectively we require transfer of knowledge without getting flummoxed by personal perceptions The simple term for this is communication but don‘t get fooled by the familiarity of this term – it‘s tougher than you think Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  33. 33. Rise in Team-Driven Leadership • Trust as a necessary basis for team- work • Development of self • Development of the Group • Supporting the success of all Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  34. 34. Where the Heck are we going to learn about collaboration? Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  35. 35. What‘s Happening in Universities? ―Collaboration can be one of the most difficult and challenging human endeavors. Part of this difficulty is related to Western philosophies and values (to speak in the most generic terms) that celebrate the individual and structure institutions to support individual activity‖ -from Kezar and Lester and references there-in Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  36. 36. NSF: Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program 81 percent of IGERT PIs said the IGERT grant did not result in changes in criteria for faculty promotion, tenure, or merit awards at their university or other universities participating in their project. from Chapter 5: Impact of IGERT Institutions http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2006/nsf0617/nsf0617_7.pdf Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  37. 37. What’s Needed? • Trust as a necessary basis for team-work • Development of self • Development of the Group • Supporting the success of allYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  38. 38. What is a Leader? Who is a Leader?―Some of us think of a hero who is avisionary who overcomes great obstaclesto create a new world full of greatresults.‖ OR―perhaps an autocrat: someone whoimposes their will on the world (andthose around them) to manifest results‖ from The Culture Game by Dan MezickYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  39. 39. Dan Mezick defines a leader as: Anyone who influences anyone else in a social setting, such as a team or organizationYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  40. 40. Patrick Lencioni: AVOID THE FOLLOWING•Absence of trust —unwilling to be vulnerable•Fear of conflict —seeking artificial harmony overconstructive passionate debate•Lack of commitment —feigning buy-in for groupdecisions, creating ambiguity•Avoidance of accountability —sets low standards•Individual success above results —focusing onpersonal success, status and ego before teamsuccess from Patrick Lencioni (2002) The Five Dysfunctions of a TeamYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  41. 41. Working Together – Academia‘s Version ‗The Cloud‘ Uri Alon and the need for both mentoring and co-support http://www.weizmann.ac.il/mcb/UriAlon/nur turing/index.html Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  42. 42. Culture MattersYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  43. 43. Commitment Model: HP Star Model: IntelYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  44. 44. Changes in Industry – early indicators • Beyond Competition - shared resources American ‗Council on Competitiveness‘ • Labor, CEOs, University Leaders Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  45. 45. What‘s happening in other industries?• Beyond shared resources – Derek Neighbors, Gangplank, Chandler Arizona (relationships with Arizona State University)Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  46. 46. What‘s Happening in Silicon Valley? from http://www.executivebrief.com/agile/scrum-agile-teams-building-performance-development/Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  47. 47. Rise in Interest in Communication • Alan Alda‘s Center for Communicating Science – http://www.centerforcommunicatingscience.org/ • EMBO‘s Laboratory Management training workshops – http://www.embo.org/programmes/courses-workshops/lab-management- courses.html • Improv workshops – various • NIH Office of Intramural Training & Education (OITE) Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  48. 48. Communication as a Two-Way Street Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  49. 49. Rise in Interest from the Public • Bay Area Science Festivals Dates: the last week in October, 2011 and 2012 http://www.bayareascience.org/ • IPSEC – International Public Science Events Conference • Enormous rise in numbers of science cafés, science festivals world-wide Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  50. 50. What else is happening in other countries? • Beyond dialog - James Wilsdon & Rebecca Willis, Demos ‗See Through Science‘ http://www.nanoandsociety.com/framing /papers/SeeThroughScience.pdf Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  51. 51. United Kingdom, con‘d… -Sir Roland Jackson, chair, ‗Science for All‘• The vision of ‗science for all:‘http://www.britishscienceassociation.org/NR/rdonlyres/D6B1ACFC-2F42-4F07-A5D1-938E1D83F3ED/0/ScienceforAllFinalReport.pdfYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  52. 52. Rise in Interest in Policy• AAAS Science Policy fellows •Initiated by the fellows •Begun in 1972 •California Science Policy fellow program •Begun in 2009 Photo source: http://med.stanford.edu/careercenter/ highlights/files/AAASppt.2.13.07.pdf Photo source: http://www.ccst.us/news/2010/20100104fellows.phpYámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  53. 53. Scientists and Policy…Interactions with the Public 1. Pure Scientist Focuses on research with absolutely no consideration of its use or utility 2. Issues Advocate Focuses on the implications of research for a particular political agenda 3. Science Arbiter Recognizes that decision makers may have specific questions needing judgment of experts 4. Honest Broker Engages in decision-making by clarifying, and, at times, seeking to expand the scope of choice available Common confusion: value-judgment vs information-judgment Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  54. 54. Individual Factors of Success 1. Proactive agent of change 2. Empathetic (friendly, approachable, and collaborative) 3. Simultaneous short-term and long- term perspective 4. Self-aware 5. Positive 6. Resilient from ―Women of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics: A Qualitative Exploration in Factors of Success‖ Jeanine K. Olund thesis, 2012 Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org
  55. 55. What can you do right now? • Pay attention to intention – In interactions – for them, for you • Pay attention to your advisor‘s needs (be curious) • Start to loosen your grip on ‗the truth‘ when it comes to human interactions • Courage, grounding • RELATIONSHIPS Yámana Science and Technology www.yamanascience.org www.yamanascience.org

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