Social Developmental Theory


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Social Developmental Theory

  1. 1. Social Developmental Theory Developers: Krystal Ellig Casey Holmes
  2. 2. Lev Vygotsky <ul><li>Vygotsky was a Soviet psychologist and the founder of cultural-historical psychology. </li></ul><ul><li>Vygotsky investigated child development and how interpersonal communication and the role of culture influenced it. </li></ul><ul><li>Vygotsky believed that community plays an influential role in the importance of “making meaning,” essentially, learning. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Major Themes in Theory Social Interactions <ul><li>Social interactions – Vygotsky believed that when a child learns something it is first from seeing it between people on an interpsychological level. Children then develop ideas and create meaning on an individual level, or an intrapsychological level. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Major Themes in Theory More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) <ul><li>The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) is the reference to any person that is of a higher ability level or has a better understanding than the learner of the concept being presented. A MKO can be any adult such as a parent, coach or teacher. Ironically, a computer can also act as a MKO and sometimes a peer or someone younger might have more experience and higher ability in an activity. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major Themes in Theory Zone of Proximal Development <ul><li>The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is area between what students can comprehend and accomplish on their own and what students need adult supervision or guidance to complete. Peer collaboration or group work can also be a form of guidance but the ZPD is measured by the difference of these factors to what students can complete independently. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How Teachers Can Use the Theory <ul><li>Without Technology </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher, being the More Knowledgeable Other (MKO), can help the students by guiding them through an assignment so they can learn how to approach situations on their own. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can encourage students to draw or write what they are feeling in order for them to become more in touch with themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can encourage communication with others through group activities so the students can build social skills </li></ul><ul><li>With Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can give students detailed instructions on how to create a project using technology. </li></ul><ul><li>After that, teachers can have their students design a project using powerpoint, microsoft word or microsoft office about their life. This will give the students a chance to use what they have learned in the previous project. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can set up a live chat with their students. This will ensure that the students are developing communications skills </li></ul>
  7. 7. How Students Use the Theory <ul><li>Without Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Students look up to MKOs, learn from them and apply what they have learned to situations they face in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Some students keep a journal and write what is going on in their lives to better understand themselves on an individual level. </li></ul><ul><li>Some creative students use their talent to draw or paint things that have a strong connection to them. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Students Use the Theory <ul><li>With Technology </li></ul><ul><li>The main way students communicate with each other is through cell phone or social networking. The new way of building social skills is through technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Students nowadays have developed according to how technology changes. Technology has determined children’s social and learning development. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What We Think About the Social Development Theory and Our Teaching <ul><li>We plan on working with the students individually so they can learn who they are. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important for the students to know what kind of learner they are in order for them to perform to their fullest potential. We will include activities so that all types of learning styles are represented. </li></ul><ul><li>We will encourage communication between our students so they can relate to each other and others in the future. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>Davidson (Director). (2009). Vygotsky’s Developmental Theory: An Introduction [Television Podcast]. Podcast retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Journal Writing Girl [Picture]. Retrieved November 19, 2011 from: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Office Computer [Clipart]. Retrieved November 19, 2011 from: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>School Classroom [Clipart]. Retrieved November 19, 2011 from: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2008). Social Developmental Theory (Vygotsky) . Retrieved November 2011, from </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Mcleod, S. (2007). Vygotsky . Retrieved November 2011, from Simply Psychology: </li></ul>