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Stress & Burnout in Industry


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This power point presentation will be useful for industrial psychology & management students.

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Stress & Burnout in Industry

  1. 1. ************  Group Leader : Group Members :- Anamika Chauhan Yashika Vala Barot Shital Sumitra Thakor Krunal Khatri Afzal Khan Iqbal Baluch
  2. 2. Stress & Burn out in industry
  3. 3. Introduction: Stress & Burnout  Stress and burnout occurs for different reasons in different individuals.  Work load alone does not define an individual’s level of stress or burnout. But several factors including work load may play a role in creating workplace stress or burnout.
  4. 4. Meaning & Definition of Stress  Stress is the physical or mental tension caused by either excess of efforts or by conflicting situations.  “As life’s pressures mount and your burdens increase, the resulting stress can have catastrophic impact on your health and physiology.” ~Robert S. Eliot, M.D From Stress to Strength: How to Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life. Eliot, RS. 1994.
  5. 5. Poor Working Environm ent No Support Network Being Over Worked Being under Worked Job Security CAUSES OF STRESS Progres sion Bullying Bad Manage ment Blame Culture The Wrong Job
  6. 6. Stress Stress can affect our physical being, mood / spirit, mental functioning and emotional stability.  Coping with stress and stress management is essential in our profession.  Some stress can make us more productive but too much stress will result in reduced productivity. 
  7. 7. Effects of Stress PHYSICAL STRESS The Positive Effects Success comes through  Inspire others to take effort  Health Benefits  Provides Certain Values  The Negative Effects     Bodily Exhaustion Life Span is Reduced Reduction in Efficiency Leads to Mental Stress
  8. 8. MENTAL STRESS The Positive Effects     Enables to understand the problem Helps to find correct solutions Avoids Future mistakes Creative method of finding solutions The Negative Effects     Ability gets reduced Cannot analyze correctly Wrong solutions are offered Mistakes prove costly in the future
  9. 9. Manage Energy Reduce Distractions Work - Place Stress Manage Energy Planning Reduce Distractions Plan Appropriately
  10. 10. REDUCE STRESS IN THE WORKPLACE Time Management Tips Task Management Tips Reduce Stress at Workplace
  11. 11. Time Management Tips for reducing job stress     Create a balanced schedule. Don’t over-commit yourself. Try to leave earlier in the morning. Plan regular breaks. Task Management Tips for reducing job stress     Prioritize tasks. Break projects into small steps. Delegate responsibility. Be willing to compromise.
  12. 12. Stress Management YOGA PRANAYAM
  13. 13. Swimming Jogging
  14. 14. Meaning & Definition of Burn out “In the current climate, burnout thrives in the workplace. Burnout is always more likely when there is a major mismatch between the nature of the job and the nature of the person who does the job.” ~Christina Maslach The Truth About Burnout: How Organizations cause Personal Stress and What to Do About It. Maslach & Leiter pg 9; 1997
  15. 15. Causes of Burnout  Unclear Requirements:  Impossible Requirements:  High-Stress Times with No “Down” Times:  Big Consequences for Failure:
  16. 16.  Lack of Personal Control  Lack of Recognition  Poor Communication  Insufficient Compensation  Poor Leadership
  17. 17. Six Sources of Burnout 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Work overload Lack of control Insufficient reward Unfairness Breakdown of community Value conflict Maslach & Leiter, 1997. “The Truth About Burnout: How Organizations Cause Personal Stress and What to Do About It.”
  18. 18. Effects of Burnout Depression  Anxiety  Physical illness, i.e. stroke or heart attack   Family problems  Fatigue & sleep deprivation  Alcohol and drugs  Suicide etc.
  19. 19. Attitudinal Characteristics of Burnout  Fatalism Boredom  Inadequacy  Failure  Overwork  Dissatisfaction  Nastiness  (Source : Robert & Angelo Kinicki , Organizational Behaviour ,P .535 )
  20. 20. Protective Factors  Personal:  Address Maslach’s 6 sources of burnout        and your current role Influence happiness through personal values and choices Adapt a healthy philosophy/outlook Spend time with family & friends A supportive spouse or partner Engage in religious or spiritual activity Maintain self-care (sleep, nutrition & PA) Hobbies & mentors
  21. 21. Protective Factors  Work:  Address Maslach’s 6 sources of burnout  Gain control over environment & workload  Find meaning in work  Set limits and maintain balance  Have a mentor  Obtain adequate administrative support systems
  22. 22. Managing Energy at Work Listen to your body  Identify your own needs  Define limits - Just Say NO!  Create your work environment  Eliminate distractions  Take breaks  Plan ahead  Schwartz, T. & McCarthy, C. Manage Your Energy Not Your Time. HBR October 2007.
  23. 23. Preventing & Resolving Burnout Individual Approach Organizational Approach Starts with person Starts with management Becomes group project Becomes organizational project Connects to organization Connects to people Outcomes affects related mismatches Outcome is a process
  24. 24. Stress vs. Burnout Stress Burnout Characterized by over engagement Characterized by disengagement Emotions are over reactive Emotions are blunted Produces urgency and hyperactivity Produces helplessness and hopelessness Loss of energy Loss of motivation, ideals, and hope Leads to anxiety disorders Leads to detachment and depression Primary damage is physical Primary damage is emotional May kill you prematurely May make life seem not worth living
  25. 25. Useful Web-Based Resources Tip Guide: hniques  Help Guide: agement_relief_coping.htm  WebMD: 
  26. 26. References  Robert & Angelo Kinicki , Organizational Behaviour ,P .535 )  Stress to Strength: How to Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life. Eliot, RS. 1994.  Maslach & Leiter, 1997. “The Truth About Burnout: How Organizations Cause Personal Stress and What to Do About It.”   K .Ashwathapa “Organizational Behaviour .” Work Stress. Figure 5.1 (pg 80) Maslach, C & Leiter, MP. “The Truth About Burnout: How Organizations Cause Personal Stress and What to do About It.” 1997