Spine 101


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A quick lesson on your spine and how it works.

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Spine 101

  1. 1. Spine 101 brought to you by Kruse Chiropractic © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
  2. 2. The Foundation of a Healthy Life <ul><li>A healthy spine is the foundation of a healthy life. </li></ul>© Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing <ul><li>To care for the spine properly, it’s first important to understand its structure and function. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Spinal Structure © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing The vertebral column keeps us vertical and protects the spinal column. The spine is made up of 24 bones known as vertebrae. The vertebrae rest on a bone called the sacrum. Below the sacrum is the coccyx. Between the vertebrae are joints, which are cushioned intervertebral discs (IVDs).
  4. 4. The Vertebra Structure © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing Vertebrae consist of… Vertebrae protect the vertebral foramen, where the spinal cord passes through. A weight-bearing outer bone called the centrum. A ring-shaped arch, which is attached to the centrum.
  5. 5. Types of Vertebrae © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing Cervical vertebrae: lightweight for flexibility and range of motion. Thoracic vertebrae: each attached to a rib. Lumbar vertebrae: bear the weight of the head and trunk. Sacrum: five fused bones flanked by pelvis bones. Coccyx: four fused vertebrae.
  6. 6. Crucial Curves <ul><li>Slight front-to-back curves are essential to spinal health. </li></ul>© Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing <ul><li>The three normal curves of the vertebral column are... </li></ul>Cervical lordosis: Loss of this curve = straightened or “military” neck. Thoracic kyphosis: Excessive kyphosis = “hunch back.” Lumbar lordosis: excessive lordisis = “sway back.”
  7. 7. Vertebral Subluxations <ul><li>Repetitive motion, trauma, sports activities and office work may all generate alterations in spinal alignment. </li></ul>© Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing <ul><li>When vertebrae become misaligned, the result is a condition known as vertebral subluxation. </li></ul><ul><li>This common occurrence is linked with health concerns such as carpal tunnel syndrome, headaches, backaches, infantile colic and ear infections. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Detecting and Correcting Vertebral Subluxations <ul><li>To detect vertebral subluxations, chiropractors: </li></ul>© Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing <ul><li>Use the sense of touch, known as palpation . </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate range of motion, posture and muscle tension . </li></ul><ul><li>Perform orthopedic and neurological tests . </li></ul><ul><li>To correct vertebral subluxations, chiropractors: </li></ul><ul><li>Use safe and gentle maneuvers called chiropractic adjustments . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Innervation <ul><li>Imagine a railroad station with trains chugging in and out in every direction. </li></ul>© Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing <ul><li>Your spinal cord is like a railroad station, but instead of trains, nerves enter and exit the “station:” a process called innervation. </li></ul><ul><li>Research indicates vertebral subluxations may affect nerve transmission . </li></ul>Nerves slide into the spinal cord between vertebrae… … then on to the body’s muscles, organs and other structures.
  10. 10. Herniated Discs <ul><li>When a disc is compromised and the jelly center begins to ooze, it creates a herniated disc. </li></ul>© Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing <ul><li>Herniated discs are often referred to as “slipped,” although the disc itself does not typically move. </li></ul><ul><li>Chiropractic provides a safe, noninvasive alternative to surgery for many patients with herniated discs. </li></ul>
  11. 11. How’s Your Spine? <ul><li>Even slight misalignments in the spine can trigger chronic conditions. </li></ul>© Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing <ul><li>The best way to evaluate your spinal health is to schedule an appointment with your doctor of chiropractic for a complete examination. </li></ul>