Ww ii (11) day 5

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Ww ii (11) day 5

  1. 1. World War II Day 5
  2. 2. The Pacific Front
  3. 3. The Pacific Front <ul><li>U.S. commander = MacArthur </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy = island hopping </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Pacific Front <ul><li>Doolittle Raids on Tokyo “The Great Raid” </li></ul><ul><li>Important battles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Midway June 1942 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>near Hawaii >> stopped Japanese advancement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leyte Gulf October 1944 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>kamikaze pilots >> showed dedication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iwo Jima & Okinawa Feb-June 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>21,000 J./7,000 U.S. in one month (IJ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>150,000 J./12,000 U.S. in 3-4 months (OK) 42,000 O </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Potsdam Conference <ul><li>July 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>In Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Truman now president </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roosevelt died of a stroke April 12, 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Warned Japan of severe consequences if refuse to surrender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ prompt and utter destruction” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. Why bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki? (and not Kokura & Niigata) <ul><li>Were </li></ul><ul><li>military & </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial </li></ul><ul><li>centers </li></ul><ul><li>Were left </li></ul><ul><li>“ untouched” </li></ul><ul><li>by war </li></ul>
  7. 10. 1 st bomb: Hiroshima (Fission) <ul><li>Little Boy/Enola Gay/Tibbets </li></ul><ul><li>10 ft long; 2 ft high </li></ul><ul><li>13-14,000 tons of TNT </li></ul><ul><li>Uranium bomb </li></ul><ul><li>Detonated over city </li></ul><ul><li>70,000 killed instantly </li></ul><ul><li>Over time, another 70,000 died </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer/birth defects </li></ul>http://www.hiroshima-spirit.jp/en/museum/morgue_e12.html
  8. 11. 2 nd bomb: Nagasaki (Fission) <ul><li>Fat Man/Bocks Car/Sweeney </li></ul><ul><li>8 ft long; 5 ft high </li></ul><ul><li>21,000 tons of TNT </li></ul><ul><li>Plutonium bomb </li></ul><ul><li>Detonated outside city </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain ranges </li></ul><ul><li>35,000 killed instantly </li></ul><ul><li>Over time, another 35,000 killed </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer/birth defects </li></ul>
  9. 12. Today: FUSION BOMBS PU Primary H Secondary 60 MT 60,000,000 tons of TNT 150-180 KT 150,000 tons of TNT
  10. 13. <ul><li>Japan surrendered unconditionally </li></ul><ul><li>on September 2, 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>( V-J Day ) on board the </li></ul><ul><li>USS Missouri. </li></ul>

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