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Ww ii (11) day 2

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Ww ii (11) day 2

  1. 1. World War II Day 2 Info
  2. 4. The Axis Powers are created <ul><li>Originally called the </li></ul>Italy Germany Japan Like the axis the world revolves around – they expected to be the center of the world Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis
  3. 6. U.S. involvement in WWII <ul><li>Lend Lease Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. as “great arsenal of democracy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lend to any country whose defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>was vital to U.S. (ie. BR and CHINA) </li></ul></ul>Soviet Union protects itself with scorched-earth policy Britain was bankrupt – no cash and carry
  4. 9. U.S. involvement in WWII <ul><li>German wolf packs sink U.S. ships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FDR ordered Navy attack on Axis ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began to arm merchant ships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Charter signed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of war goals: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No expansion, need consent, self-determination, freer trade, cooperation, disarm aggressors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Set foundation for United Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 15 countries signed </li></ul></ul>
  5. 10. Oct 5, 1941
  6. 11. Dec 8, 1941
  7. 12. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor <ul><li>WHY? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan took bases in French Indochina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. froze Japanese assets within U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan did same to us </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting: Japan listed demands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> U.S. refused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. broke J. code >> knew attack coming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t expect it to hit U.S. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 13. Tora! Tora! Tora! http://movies.netflix.com/WiPlayer?movieid=1056678&trkid=2361637 1:31:00 start of Japanese planes taking off 1:48:00 actual attack begins
  9. 14. <ul><li>Thought an attack was coming to Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>2. Japan meant to cut off all negotiations at 1 PM EST </li></ul><ul><li>and possibly post declaration of war 30 min before attack </li></ul><ul><li>3. Japan limited contact with own ambassador </li></ul><ul><li>4. One initial plane shot down & reported; was dismissed </li></ul><ul><li>5. Planes reported being seen; dismissed as B-17 bombers </li></ul><ul><li>6. Typist in Washington slow to get 14 th message translated </li></ul><ul><li>7. Hard to get to the higher-ups… was a Sunday morning </li></ul><ul><li>8. TORA TORA TORA (tiger) = unsuspected </li></ul><ul><li>9. Second Lieutenants Ken Taylor and George Welch </li></ul><ul><li>10. Good that Japanese didn’t release 3 rd fleet… </li></ul>
  10. 15. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor <ul><li>December 7, 1941 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 planes prior to 8 AM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hit 8 battleships & 90 naval vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 ships & 300 planes destroyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battleship USS Arizona – 1000 killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2300 killed & 2300 wounded total </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. reaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placed Japanese-Americans in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>internment camps </li></ul></ul>

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