Vietnam conflict day 2

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Vietnam conflict day 2

  1. 1. Vietnam Conflict
  2. 2. <ul><li>1. Was a limited war </li></ul><ul><li>2. Civilians making military </li></ul><ul><li>decisions </li></ul><ul><li>4. Enemy difficult to identify: </li></ul><ul><li>- Didn’t wear uniforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- “Switched” sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Non-traditional soldiers women, elderly, children </li></ul></ul>Issues that made this conflict different from others
  3. 3. 3. US knew very little about country… NV took advantage of landscape and avoided open combat
  4. 4. Issues that made this conflict different from others 5. War televised with daily death count 6. At home, opposition arose
  5. 6. Involvement under Eisenhower <ul><li>US formed SEATO to protect South Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia from communism </li></ul><ul><li>(South East Asian Treaty Organization) </li></ul>
  6. 7. Involvement under Ike <ul><li>Dai -> Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Dai selected Ngo Dinh Diem </li></ul><ul><li>to be his Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Diem corrupt & repressive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refused to participate in country elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won S. elections with 98% (!!) of vote…rigged?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coined the phrase “Viet Cong” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seized land from peasants -- VC were giving it </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Involvement under Kennedy <ul><li>Sent Green Berets to </li></ul><ul><li>train SV army </li></ul><ul><li>Military increase: </li></ul><ul><li>1961 = 800 </li></ul><ul><li>1963= 16,700 </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Operations (started by SV w/ US help) </li></ul><ul><li>Operation Sunrise: </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Hamlets: </li></ul><ul><li>3. Operation Ranch Hand: </li></ul>Involvement under JFK
  9. 13. Robert McNamara, Defense Secretary: Visits S. Vietnam – May 1962 “ We are winning the war.&quot;
  10. 14. Involvement under JFK <ul><li>CIA said NV persecuting N. Catholics (??) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They fled south and… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uprooted Buddhists who were not on good terms with Diem b/c he = Catholic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wouldn’t let them display religious flags </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhists peacefully demonstrated… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And MASSACRE occurred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhists protested the killings by… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 15. “ Passers-by stop to watch as flames envelope a young Buddhist monk, Saigon, October 5th, 1963 . The man sits impassively in the central market square, he has set himself on fire performing a ritual suicide in protest against governmental anti-Buddhist policies. Crowds gathered to protest in Hue after the South Vietnamese government prohibited Buddhists from carrying flags on Buddha's birthday. Government troops opened fire to disperse the dissidents, killing nine people, Diems government blamed the incident on the Vietcong and never admitted responsibility. The Buddhist leadership quickly organized demonstrations that eventually led to seven monks burning themselves to death.” … and Diem viewed as embarrassment
  12. 16. Involvement under JFK <ul><li>Despite US efforts, ARVN still losing </li></ul><ul><li>Diem blamed by SV </li></ul><ul><li>US told of plot to kill Diem by SV generals… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US looked the other way </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generals then plotted to kill each other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TEN successive gov’ts in 18 months </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JFK started to withdraw troops, then… </li></ul>

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