Cold war (11) day 2

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Cold war (11) day 2

  1. 1. The Cold War DAY 2
  2. 3. 1 st contributing cause
  3. 4. 1 st - SU takes over Eastern Europe
  4. 5. 1 st - SU takes over Eastern Europe 1- Wanted buffer states AND “ satellite” nations 2 - Wanted a warm water port
  5. 6. Winston Churchill: “ An iron curtain has descended across the continent”
  6. 8. 2 nd contributing cause
  7. 9. 2 nd - Truman Doctrine signed
  8. 10. 2 nd - Truman Doctrine signed <ul><li>Gave $660 million to help: </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey retain its ports </li></ul><ul><li>Greece fight off </li></ul><ul><li>Communist guerrillas </li></ul><ul><li>in their country </li></ul><ul><li>Also said U.S. would </li></ul><ul><li>fight communism from </li></ul><ul><li>spreading anywhere it </li></ul><ul><li>doesn’t already exist… </li></ul><ul><li>… led to U.S. policy of CONTAINMENT </li></ul>
  9. 11. 3 rd contributing cause
  10. 12. 3 rd – Marshall Plan
  11. 13. 3 rd – Marshall Plan $12.5 billion to any country who needed helping rebuilding after WWII Had to agree to free trade SU denounced as US trying to spread democracy
  12. 14. 3 rd – Marshall Plan
  13. 16. Yes, we were trying to help Europe rebuild… But, there was a covert point to the Marshall Plan…
  14. 17. 4 th contributing cause
  15. 18. 4 th – China becomes Communist
  16. 19. 4 th – China becomes Communist Two U.S. views of Chiang Kai-shek <ul><li>Courageous leader - fought Communists </li></ul><ul><li>2. Corrupt leader - gave $3 billion of U.S.’s $3.5 billion donation to friends & family… </li></ul><ul><li>instead of helping Chinese people </li></ul>Sun Yat-sen Chiang Kai-shek
  17. 20. 4 th – China becomes Communist <ul><li>Kai-shek didn’t give promised reforms (tax & land) </li></ul><ul><li>Long March – 6,000 mile march northward after defeat in South = thousands died -- inspirational </li></ul><ul><li>3. Communists promised redistribution of land </li></ul>Mao Zedong The Chinese began to support the Communists
  18. 21. 1 st effect
  19. 22. 1 st – Berlin Blockade and Airlift
  20. 23. 1 st – Berlin Blockade and Airlift SU blockaded all ground traffic entering into Western Berlin (Democratic side) for 327 days
  21. 24. 1 st – Berlin Blockade and Airlift Why did this happen? US, Fr, Br unified their sections of Germany = West Germany
  22. 25. 1 st – Berlin Blockade and Airlift SU blockaded all ground traffic entering into Western Berlin (Democratic side) for 327 days What would you do?
  23. 26. 1 st – Berlin Blockade and Airlift US & Br flew 277,000 flights: dropping 2.5 million tons of supplies
  24. 32. 2 nd effect
  25. 33. 2 nd – Formation of Alliances http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072957549/student_view0/chapter38/interactive_map_quiz.html
  26. 34. 2 nd – Alliances are Formed US formed North Atlantic Treaty Organization with Britain, Belgium, Canada, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, West Germany SU formed the Warsaw Pact with Albania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, East Germany
  27. 36. 3rd effect
  28. 37. “ The Forgotten War” Korean Conflict 1950-1953
  29. 38. Fear of nuclear war Conflicts with SU in 1960s
  30. 39. Bay of Pigs Invasion Berlin Wall Cuban Missile Crisis
  31. 42. SU invaded Czechoslovakia and took it over

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