6 angel island

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6 angel island

  1. 1. Increasing RestrictionsIncreasing Restrictions for Immigrationfor Immigration
  2. 2. For What Reasons Were ImmigrantsFor What Reasons Were Immigrants Disliked by Natives?Disliked by Natives? 1.Took jobs  worked for lessmoney 2. Supported political machines  seen ascorrupt – guilt by association 3. FEAR of difference  didn’t understand new cultures 4. FEAR of changein theU.S.  didn’t want them to gain political power
  3. 3. Angel IslandAngel Island (off coast of San Fran)(off coast of San Fran) Admin Hospital Detention Employee cottages
  4. 4. “In 1905, construction of an Immigration Station began in theareaknown asChinaCove. Surrounded by public controversy from itsinception, thestation wasfinally put into operation in 1910. Although it wasbilled asthe"EllisIsland of theWest", within theImmigration Serviceit wasknown as"The Guardian of theWestern Gate”. This facility was primarily a detention center.
  5. 5. When opened in 1910, new detention facility on Angel Island considered ideal becauseof its isolation.  buildingsto houseand carefor detainees  apier  regular boat serviceto mainland  Until 1940, entry for most Chineseimmigrants  approximately 175,000 cameto Angel Island Averagedetention = 2-3 weeks  many stayed for several months  few forced to remain for nearly 2 yrs
  6. 6. PicturesPictures
  7. 7. NATIVISMNATIVISM is reborn:is reborn: Preference towards American born peoplePreference towards American born people over immigrantsover immigrants 1. Groups(Immigration Restriction League& Know Nothings) worked to keep immigrants out of political officethrough: Poll taxes Literacy tests
  8. 8. 2. Anti-Asian Actswerepassed  ChineseExclusion Act (1882) • Prohibited Chinesefrom entering U.S. for 10 yrs • Extended for another 10 years, then indefinitely • Few exceptions= 105 per year entered • Repealed in 1943… • during WWII (Allies)
  9. 9.  Gentleman’sAgreement (1907-8) • Fear of “Yellow Peril” – Russo-JapaneseWar • Japanesenot issued passportsunless had been to U.S. or had relativeshere • 1907: 30,000 1909: 3,000
  10. 10.  Alien Land Law (1913) • Asianscouldn’t becitizensand couldn’t own land • Reduced economic and political power • i.e– couldn’t voteor beprotected by theConstitution
  11. 11. References: • TheAmericansHistory Textbook • http://www.angelisland.org/immigr02.html

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