Philippines Singapore Thailand Brunei Laos Indonesia Cambodia Myanmar Vietnam East timor Malaysia
Essential Question:How is culturereflected in SoutheastAsian music?
The music of Southeast Asiareflects different aspects ofAsian culture through itstimbre, rhythm, melody,texture, form and style.
Activity: Group workMake a report/collage for eachSoutheast Asian country usingpictures of fabrics, art work,architecture and other aspects ofculture. Relate how these aspectsof culture are influenced
by history such as foreign influences(Dutch in Indonesia, Chinese inLaos, Vietnam, Singapore andThailand, Spain and America in thePhilippines and India in Indonesia,Burma, Malaysia, Brunei).
Match the picture withthe music: Choosefrom which country(Philippines,Indonesia, Thailand)
Indonesia:Dutch influences in thekeroncong through the use ofthe cuk and cak and westerninstruments.
Thailand:Chinese influence can be seenin Thai architecture and Thaitonal language.Philippines:Rondalla were influenced bySpanish bandurilla.
The music of SoutheastAsia is diverse becauseof the differentgeographical, historicaland cultural influencesin the region.
Thailand, Burma, Laosand Cambodia haveChinese influences.While Indonesia,Malaysia and Bruneihave Hindu andArabic Influences.
Thai Pi Phat (Gong ensemble)Thai Khruang Sai ( String ensemble)Indonesia gamelan( gong ensemble)Philippine-gangsa-kulintangan-rondalla
Aside from monarchy, theinfluence of colonization isevident in the music of thePhilippine and Indonesia.Spanish influences inPhilippine music can beseen in the sarswela,rondalla and tiples( boy’schoir)
American influences inpopular music andbodabil theatre form.Dutch influences can beseen in keroncong, aninstrumental ensembleof Indonesia that is
composed mainly ofwesternized instrumentsuch as guitar,cuk(chuk) andcak(chak) which aresmall guitars, doublebass, violin and flute.
This evident in the use ofbamboo instrument( Philippine kalinggatongatong, patteteg,bungkaka and
Malabon musikongbumbong as well asIndonesian sumatranbamboo instrumentsuch as the anklung.
Traditional music in Southeast Asia -YouTube.mp4
Philippines - kundiman,balitaw, salidummay /gangsa, kulintang,bamboo instruments,rondalla,marching band
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,Vietnam –molam, mawlun/ kaen mouth organ, dantranh, dan co, dan ty ba, piphat, ching, ranat, ehru
is a mouth organ of Lao originwhose pipes, which are usuallymade of bamboo, are connectedwith a small, hollowed-outhardwood reservoir into whichair is blown, creating a soundsimilar to that of the violin.
is aplucked zither of Vietnam.It has a wooden body andsteel strings, each of whichis supported by a bridge inthe shape of an inverted"V."
Malaysia, Singapore,Brunei, Indonesia –pesinden/ gamelan,keroncongMyanmar – music bearsIndian influences