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Tuesday kelley estate planning


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Tuesday kelley estate planning

  1. 1. (Estate) Planning For Your Family’s Future <ul><li>Shane Kelley, Esq. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kelley Law Firm, PL </li></ul><ul><li>3365 Galt Ocean Drive </li></ul><ul><li>Fort Lauderdale, FL 33308 </li></ul><ul><li>(954) 563-1400 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>What is Estate Planning? </li></ul><ul><li>No Estate Planning - Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Estate Taxes and Tax Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Common Estate Planning Spoilers </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Estate Planning Tips </li></ul>
  3. 3. Estate Planning <ul><li>The preparation for the </li></ul><ul><li>distribution and </li></ul><ul><li>Management of a person’s </li></ul><ul><li>estate at death through the </li></ul><ul><li>use of wills, trusts, insurance </li></ul><ul><li>policies, and other </li></ul><ul><li>arrangements. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can include planning for estate taxes. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why Worry About It? <ul><li>Save your family members from having to deal with complicated property issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid disputes between family members. </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of tax laws and minimize taxes on death </li></ul>
  5. 5. Last Will and Testament <ul><li>A document by which a person directs his or her estate to be distributed upon death. </li></ul><ul><li>-Wills are ambulatory </li></ul><ul><li>-Only effect property titled in the decedent’s name upon death </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trusts <ul><li>Can be Revocable or Irrevocable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common are revocable trust </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are effective immediately upon execution. </li></ul><ul><li>Control your property while you are still alive. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Benefits of Trusts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good guardianship avoidance technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoids probate – especially multiple probates for out of state real property </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Disadvantages of Trusts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be expensive to create and administer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No probate process – lengthened statute of limitations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to re-title all assets or not effective. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No estate tax advantage. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Other Ways to Pass Property <ul><li>Joint Ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenants by the Entireties (TBE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Tenants with Right of Survivorship (JTWROS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Payable on Death (POD) </li></ul><ul><li>Totten Trusts </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficiary designations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common in IRA’s and life insurance </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Disadvantages <ul><li>May be a gift which requires that a gift tax return be filed. </li></ul><ul><li>.Payment of all expenses and exclusive use by one party may constitute further taxable gifts. </li></ul><ul><li>.May subject property to creditors of other joint owner. </li></ul><ul><li>.Passes outside terms of estate plan which may cause unintended results. </li></ul>
  11. 11. No Estate Planning <ul><li>Florida Legislature determines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how your property passes on your death. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who will be in charge of distributing the property </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Intestacy Laws <ul><li>F.S. 732.102 and F.S. 732.103 control who the beneficiaries of your estate will be. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If surviving spouse and no lineal descendants – Spouse gets entire estate. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>If surviving spouse and lineal descendants and all the descendants are the descendants of both decedent and surviving spouse: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spouse gets first $60,000 plus one half of the balance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lineal descendants get other half in equal shares </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>If surviving spouse and lineal descendants but some or all of the descendants are not lineal descendants of the surviving spouse (2 nd marriage situation) then: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spouse gets one half. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lineal descendants get other half in equal shares. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>If no surviving spouse but lineal descendants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal shares to lineal descendants. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>If no surviving spouse or lineal descendants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To decedent’s mother and father equally, or to the survivor of them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If no parents surviving, then to brothers and sisters and descendants of deceased brothers and sisters. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>If minors then their </li></ul><ul><li>share subject to a </li></ul><ul><li>formal guardianship </li></ul><ul><li>pursuant to Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Statutes Chapter 744. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Pursuant to F.S. 733.301 the court will be in charge of appointing someone to be in charge of your estate (personal representative) subject to the following preferences: </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>Surviving Spouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person selected by a majority in interest of the heirs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The heir nearest in degree </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Estate Taxes and Tax Planning <ul><li>The Economic Growth and Reconciliation Act of 2001 (referred to hereafter as “The Act”) was signed into law on June 7, 2001. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The Act has been heralded as the “repeal” of the estate tax. </li></ul><ul><li>The Act contains a “Sunset Provision.” This provision causes the Act to “sunset” on January 1, 2011. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Every estate is allowed a unified credit or “exemption amount” against the estate tax imposed upon one’s death. This is commonly referred to as the amount that one can pass “tax-free” upon death. I.R.C. § 2010(c). </li></ul>
  23. 23. Exemption Amount Table <ul><li>2002 $1,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2003 $1,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2004 $1,500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2005 $1,500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2006 $2,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2007 $2,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 $2,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2009 $3,500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2010 Repeal </li></ul><ul><li>2011 and Later $1,000,000? </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Highest tax rate </li></ul><ul><li>will be 55% </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Much of the Act was predicated on predicted budget surpluses. With the current economic downturn and the war on terrorism further eroding any budget surpluses, what will congress do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress unable to act to prevent no estate tax in 2010. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No clear direction yet. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Hypothetical – Proper Tax Planning <ul><li>Married Couple each having a net worth of $1,000,000.00 for a total net worth of $2,000,000.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Spouse 1 dies in January 2010 followed by the death of Spouse 2 in January 2012. </li></ul>
  27. 27. No Tax Planning <ul><li>Spouse 1 passes all assets to Spouse 2. No tax due to marital deduction upon death of spouse 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Spouse 2 dies with $2,000,000.00. </li></ul><ul><li>Entitled to a $1,000,000.00 exemption from tax and $1,000,000.00 subject to 50% tax. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estate of Spouse 2 pays up to $500,000 in estate taxes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries of estate plan get $1,500,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Treasury gets $500,000 </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Simple Tax Planning <ul><li>Spouse 1 creates credit shelter trust and $1,000,000.00 funded to the trust. Spouse 2 has rights to assets in credit shelter trust and can use them for all needs and support. </li></ul><ul><li>No tax upon death of first spouse as $1,000,000 exemption utilized. </li></ul><ul><li>All assets in the credit shelter trust are excluded from estate of spouse 2 upon subsequent death   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Spouse 2 dies having $1,000,000.00 estate. </li></ul><ul><li>Credit shelter trust has $1,000,000 but it is not included for tax purposes on death of spouse 2. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No tax due upon death of spouse 2. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries get all $2,000,000. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Treasury get’s nothing. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Gift Tax Still In Effect <ul><li>While the estate tax was repealed by The Act, the gift tax is not repealed </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike the estate tax exemption, however, the gift tax exemption remains at $1,000,000 level and is not further increased. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Common Estate Planning Spoilers <ul><li>Joint Property, POD accounts and beneficiary designations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to utilize exemption by having all property joint with spouse. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passes outside terms of estate plan which may cause unintended results </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Homestead Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your home may be devise restricted if you have a spouse or minor children </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Article X, §4 of the Florida Constitution.  Homestead; exemptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The homestead shall not be subject to devise if the owner is survived by spouse or minor child, except the homestead may be devised to the owner's spouse if there be no minor child. The owner of homestead real estate , joined by the spouse if married, may alienate the homestead by mortgage, sale or gift and, if married, may by deed transfer the title to an estate by the entirety with the spouse. </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><ul><li>F.S. § 732.401.  Descent of homestead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(1) If not devised as permitted by law and the Florida Constitution, the homestead shall descend in the same manner as other intestate property; but if the decedent is survived by a spouse and one or more descendants, the surviving spouse shall take a life estate in the homestead, with a vested remainder to the descendants in being at the time of the decedent's death per stirpes. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Elective Share <ul><li>Florida Statutes, Chapter 732, Part II. Applies to estates of decedents dying on or after October 1, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>If spouse dissatisfied with assets received, he or she can make an election to take 30% of elective estate. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all assets are subject to the elective share. </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Elective Estate includes the following (see F.S. 732.2035): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint accounts, POD accounts, ITF accounts, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fractional interest in property, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revocable Trusts, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash surrender value of any life insurance policy owned by the Decedent, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annuities </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Only way to completely avoid the elective share is a prenuptial or postnuptial agreement </li></ul>
  40. 40. Easy Estate Planning Tips <ul><li>Annual exclusion gifts - See IRC 2503(b) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Annual exclusion gifts indexed for inflation and now it is $13,000 per year per person. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Gift splitting - $26,000 per year if married. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Payment of tuition or medical expenses - See IRC 2503(e) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Covers tuition payments directly to educational institutions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.Payment of medical care directly to medical provider. Includes amounts paid for medical insurance. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>.The unlimited exclusion from the gift tax does not apply to amounts paid for medical care that are reimbursed by the donee's insurance. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Remember, the payments </li></ul><ul><li>must be paid directly to </li></ul><ul><li>the school or medical </li></ul><ul><li>provider. The payments cannot be a reimbursement to the person. </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>Section 529 Plans - Commonly referred to “Qualified Tuition Programs” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very effective way to pass money to children and grandchildren and reduce your taxable estate while saving income taxes </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earnings and growth are income tax free within the plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can front load up to five years of annual exclusion gifts to obtain maximum income tax free growth </li></ul></ul>