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A view from the bridge


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A view from the bridge

  1. 1. A View From the Bridge by Arthur Miller
  2. 2. Pre-reading Task <ul><li>You are going to read a play which follows </li></ul><ul><li>the break down of relationships in a family. </li></ul><ul><li>What causes the most arguments between </li></ul><ul><li>yourself and your parents? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Stage Directions <ul><li>Arthur Miller is well known for the detailed </li></ul><ul><li>stage directions he gives. This helps future </li></ul><ul><li>directors and actors develop the plot and </li></ul><ul><li>characters as Miller originally intended. </li></ul><ul><li>> In your books, make a sketch of how you </li></ul><ul><li>interpret the stage directions. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Context - Setting <ul><li>Set in the Red Hook area of New York in the late 1940s. </li></ul><ul><li>Red Hook is a relatively poor area of New York. </li></ul><ul><li>You cross the Brooklyn Bridge to get to Red Hook. </li></ul><ul><li>On the other side of the bridge, is Manhattan, a much richer part of New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the work in Red Hook was found in the dock-yards and on the ships. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of inhabitants were Italian. This united the community but also created over-crowding. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Brooklyn Bridge – Manhattan side. Red Hook area. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The American Reality <ul><li>You will be given a pamphlet called ‘The </li></ul><ul><li>American Reality’ and you will be told </li></ul><ul><li>which page to focus on. </li></ul><ul><li>In pairs, you need to withdraw 5 bullet </li></ul><ul><li>points of information about what it was like </li></ul><ul><li>for Italians living in New York. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Italy vs U.S.A. <ul><li>Most of the characters in the play love the benefit of living in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>However, they still strongly hold onto their Italian traditions and identify Italy as home. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Why would it be good to live in the United States of America in the 1940s? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What Italian traditions and values can you think of? </li></ul>
  8. 9. Why leave Italy? <ul><li>Italy was a very poor country in the 1940s and 50s. </li></ul><ul><li>WW2 had caused many problems: the monarchy was abolished; the economy was slow to grow; and many were unemployed. </li></ul><ul><li>Many decided to try their luck in the ‘rich’ USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Many illegal immigrants. (Dock-yard owners could use cheap Italian labour until they had paid for their passage over) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Italian Values and Traditions <ul><li>Predominantly Catholic. </li></ul><ul><li>Respect and loyalty towards family. </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for your elders. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong work ethic. </li></ul><ul><li>Revenge when family is wronged. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of reputation and family ‘name’. </li></ul><ul><li>Close community. </li></ul>
  10. 11. American Values <ul><li>‘ The American Dream’ – anyone can better themselves if they work hard. </li></ul><ul><li>The American Constitution of Human Rights. </li></ul><ul><li>American Legal System – system of justice for crimes. </li></ul><ul><li>Obey these laws, e.g. inform on illegal immigrants. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Alfieri’s Prologue <ul><li>Who is Alfieri? Describe his appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>2) How do the Sicilian community react to him? </li></ul><ul><li>What was life on the streets like when Alfieri first came to America? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think ‘now we settle for half’ means? </li></ul><ul><li>5) What clues suggest that something bad might happen? </li></ul><ul><li>6) Complete the following important quotations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>________ is very important here. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the ________ of New York _________ the tonnage of the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now we are _______ _________, _________ ___________ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extension = Reduce the length of Alfieri’s speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Use slang or text message, if you like. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Act One (up to p.12) <ul><li>What sort of changes has Eddie noticed and Catherine and how does he feel about them? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we learn about the relationship between Eddie and Beatrice? </li></ul><ul><li>How does Eddie react to the news of Catherine’s job? Why? </li></ul>
  13. 14. Act One (up to p.22) <ul><li>1) In a table, list the differences between Marco and Rodolfo. </li></ul><ul><li>2) How does Eddie react to Rodolfo? </li></ul>Rodolfo Marco
  14. 15. Act One (up to p.22) <ul><li>Imagine you are either Eddie or Catherine. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a diary about your evening and the </li></ul><ul><li>arrival of Marco and Rodolfo. </li></ul><ul><li>A possible starting sentence </li></ul><ul><li>It’s been a very long day, what with the </li></ul><ul><li>arrival of Beatrice’s cousins, Marco and </li></ul><ul><li>Rodolfo. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Act One (up to p.31) <ul><li>What are the problems between Eddie and Beatrice? </li></ul><ul><li>What reputations do Marco and Rodolfo gain? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Eddie afraid of for Catherine? </li></ul><ul><li>4) Why does Eddie leave the house? </li></ul><ul><li>5) How Catherine react to what Beatrice tells her? </li></ul>
  16. 17. Red Hook Gazette – Problem Page <ul><li>Write a selection of letters to the Agony </li></ul><ul><li>Aunt. You could write from the following people and the replies: </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine (about falling in love with Rodolfo but with the problem of her over-bearing uncle) </li></ul><ul><li>Eddie (about his problems with Catherine and the new boys in town) </li></ul><ul><li>Beatrice (unhappy marriage and her concerns about her husband’s relationship with their niece.) </li></ul>
  17. 18. Stage Directions <ul><li>Find as many stage directions for: </li></ul><ul><li>Eddie </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine </li></ul><ul><li>Beatrice </li></ul><ul><li>I am looking for ones which really reveal their </li></ul><ul><li>personalities and feelings for the audience. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Stage Directions <ul><li>Props are often used by directors to suggest the </li></ul><ul><li>emotions or thoughts of the characters. </li></ul><ul><li>How could you show the following feelings </li></ul><ul><li>through staging: </li></ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul><ul><li>Disappointment </li></ul><ul><li>A broken heart </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Jealousy </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of any others? </li></ul>
  19. 20. End of Act One <ul><li>Why does Catherine invite Rodolfo to dance? </li></ul><ul><li>How do Beatrice, Marco and Eddie react to this? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Eddie trying to do as he boxes with Rodolfo? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Marco trying to prove by lifting the chair? How does Eddie react? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the effect of ending the scene at this moment? </li></ul><ul><li>EXTENSION - What predictions can you make about Act </li></ul><ul><li>Two? </li></ul>
  20. 21. After the Kisses <ul><li>- Why did Eddie kiss Catherine? </li></ul><ul><li>- Why did Eddie kiss Rodolfo? </li></ul>
  21. 22. After the Arrests <ul><li>Continue the script after the arrests of Marco, </li></ul><ul><li>Rodolfo and the two other immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to involve the reactions of </li></ul><ul><li>Eddie, Catherine and Beatrice to what </li></ul><ul><li>has happened. </li></ul><ul><li>Include interesting stage directions to reflect their </li></ul><ul><li>emotions. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Eddie <ul><li>Look at the list of words to describe Eddie. </li></ul><ul><li>Use 2 colours. </li></ul><ul><li>One colour – shade words that apply to Eddie. </li></ul><ul><li>Another colour – words that don’t apply to Eddie </li></ul><ul><li>at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Extension - choose </li></ul><ul><li>1) Circle – words that apply to Eddie in one the acts </li></ul><ul><li>but not the other. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Try to complete an Eddie Alphabet. Eg. A-aggressive, B-bullish, c… </li></ul>
  23. 24. Homework <ul><li>Draft and present the statement a </li></ul><ul><li>character would have made to the </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration Bureau about the events in the </li></ul><ul><li>play. Choose either Beatrice, Catherine, </li></ul><ul><li>Marco or Rodolfo. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain – what happened </li></ul><ul><li>- your reaction to it </li></ul><ul><li>- why you think it happened </li></ul>
  24. 25. Marco’s Trial <ul><li>It is probable that Marco will be arrested and tried for murder. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide who will defend and prosecute him. Work out where the </li></ul><ul><li>following arguments should go. </li></ul><ul><li>DEFENCE PROSECUTION </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marco is an illegal immigrant. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It was a question of honour. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marco broke his promise to Alfieri. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marco did it for his family. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ‘law’ would protect Eddie. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eddie deserved to die. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It was self-defence. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marco is a ‘good’ man. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It was a crime of passion not malice. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Events of the Play <ul><li>Using the sheet, put the events of the play </li></ul><ul><li>in the correct order. </li></ul><ul><li>Answers ???? </li></ul><ul><li>1-J, 2-D, 3-H, 4-E, 5-A, 6-I, 7-F, 8-K, 9-G, </li></ul><ul><li>10-L, 11-C, 12-B. </li></ul>
  26. 27. A View From the Bridge – A new Version <ul><li>Imagine you are producing a new version of </li></ul><ul><li>‘ A View from the Bridge’. </li></ul><ul><li>Which actors and actresses would you have to play the main parts and why? </li></ul><ul><li>Design a poster advertising the production. Write a short paragraph about the play, enticing the audience but without giving too much away! </li></ul>
  27. 28. Planning a Coursework Essay <ul><li>List the mistakes Eddie makes. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the essay plan to write an essay about </li></ul><ul><li>how Eddie Carbone brings his death upon </li></ul><ul><li>himself. Chere </li></ul><ul><li>You need to use quotations to get at least a D </li></ul><ul><li>Grade – look at the following examples. </li></ul>