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Musculoskeletal injuries prevention

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Musculoskeletal injuries prevention

  1. 1. MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES PREVENTION ผ ศ . ด ร . ก ร อ ง ไ ด อุ ณ ห สู ต ค ณ ะ พ ย า บ า ล ศ า ส ต ร์ ม ห า วิ ท ย า ลัย ม หิ ด ล
  2. 2. MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURY (MI/MSI) The caused or aggravated by work. an injury or disorder of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves, blood vessels or related soft tissue including a sprain, strain and inflammation. www.bcnu.org krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  3. 3. MSI are sometimes called: • repetitive strain or • repetitive motion injuries or • cumulative trauma disorder or • occupational overuse syndrome www.bcnu.org krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  4. 4. MSI 2005-2009, almost 50% of injury were caused by overexertion. MSIs can impact quality of life, for a lifetime. These injuries result in hundreds of thousands of days lost from work. After MSI, the healing area will be completely immobile, a cast-induced muscle atrophy can occur. www.bcnu.org krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  5. 5. back pain is the most common cause of disability for people younger than 45. Approximately 93 million workdays are lost each year in the USA, with an estimated cost of $30 billion - $50 billion annually. krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  6. 6. WHO anticipates that 25% of health-care expenditures in developing countries will be spent on musculoskeletal trauma-related care by the year 2010. This declare the years 2000–2010 as the “Decade of the Bone and Joint System.” krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  7. 7. PREVENTION Keeping of something from happening: illness or injury Act of preventing. Keep something from happening. http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com http://www.thefreedictionary.com http://healthvermont.gov/adap krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  8. 8. BASIC PREVENTION STRATEGIES Raise awareness of the dangers and the benefits. Strengthen the promote healthy lifestyles and change community norms. Promote the good skills as the first defense. Establish environments enhancing positive personal development. Provide mentoring and positive role modeling. Enable of strong self image development. krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  9. 9. MSIP PREVENTION Musculoskeletal Injury Prevention programs should be may be established in exposed to all worksites. a risk of MSI. programs must be eliminate or minimize the risks. www.bcnu.org krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  10. 10. MSI: PREVENTION • MSIP program contains: • tools and direction for recognizing early signs and symptoms of MSIs. • outlines report procedures, and establishes participatory processes • to implement control measures and evaluate the effectiveness. www.bcnu.org krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  11. 11. BONE HEALTH Healthy diet and exercise can help bone metabolism. Provide space for bone marrow, where all types of blood and bone cells are made. Diet and lifestyle can prevent bone loss who are most at risk. Store and supply calcium as needed for all of the cells and organs of the body. krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  12. 12. BONE REMODELING 1 • Remodeling, fresh bone, keeps the bone and its cells healthy and strong, and allows the bones to supply calcium to the body. 2 • Keeping the skeleton in good repair requires a balance between the removal and replacement of bone tissue. 3 • Balanced bone remodeling and is controlled by your bone metabolism. krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  13. 13. BONE STRENGTH • • • • • • • • • Understand your individual risk for fracture. Understand your individual risk for bone loss. Be active every day. Maintain a healthy weight. Get enough calcium and Vitamin D. Do not smoke. Limit alcohol use. Reduce your risk of falling. Consider bone-boosting medications. krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  14. 14. NUTRITION AND BONE HEALTH • Protein, vitamins , and minerals (Calcium, phosphorus, zinc, and magnesium ) and needed to regenerate bone. • Vitamins D, K, and A are needed for normal bone metabolism. • Calcium and Vitamin D are building strong bones. krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th
  15. 15. 7 STEPS OF MSI PREVENTION PROCESS Step 1 Consult employee & Joint Safety Committee Step 2 Educate employees Step 3 Identify risk Step 4 Assess risk level Step 5 Develop & implement controls Step 6 Train employees Risk Monitor Step 7 Evaluate training & control measures krongdai.unh@mahidol.ac.th

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