The caused or aggravated by work.
an injury or disorder
of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints,
nerves, blood vessels or related soft tissue
including a sprain, strain and inflammation.
are sometimes called:
• repetitive strain or
• repetitive motion injuries or
• cumulative trauma disorder or
• occupational overuse syndrome
50% of injury were
of life, for a
These injuries result
in hundreds of
thousands of days
lost from work.
After MSI, the healing area
will be completely immobile,
a cast-induced muscle
atrophy can occur.
back pain is the most common cause
of disability for people younger than 45.
Approximately 93 million workdays
are lost each year in the USA,
with an estimated cost
of $30 billion - $50 billion annually.
WHO anticipates that
25% of health-care expenditures
in developing countries
will be spent on musculoskeletal
trauma-related care by the year 2010.
This declare the years 2000–2010 as
the “Decade of the Bone and Joint System.”
Raise awareness of the
dangers and the
Strengthen the promote
healthy lifestyles and
Promote the good skills
as the first defense.
Provide mentoring and
positive role modeling.
Enable of strong self
Musculoskeletal Injury Prevention
established in exposed to
all worksites. a risk of MSI.
• MSIP program contains:
• tools and direction for recognizing early signs
and symptoms of MSIs.
• outlines report procedures, and establishes
• to implement control measures and evaluate
Healthy diet and
exercise can help
Provide space for
bone marrow, where
all types of blood and
bone cells are made.
Diet and lifestyle
can prevent bone
loss who are most
Store and supply
calcium as needed
for all of the cells and
organs of the body.
• Remodeling, fresh bone, keeps the
bone and its cells healthy and strong,
and allows the bones to supply calcium
to the body.
• Keeping the skeleton in good repair
requires a balance between the
removal and replacement of bone
• Balanced bone remodeling and is
controlled by your bone metabolism.
Understand your individual risk for fracture.
Understand your individual risk for bone loss.
Be active every day.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Get enough calcium and Vitamin D.
Do not smoke.
Limit alcohol use.
Reduce your risk of falling.
Consider bone-boosting medications.
NUTRITION AND BONE HEALTH
• Protein, vitamins , and minerals (Calcium,
phosphorus, zinc, and magnesium ) and
needed to regenerate bone.
• Vitamins D, K, and A are needed for normal
• Calcium and Vitamin D are building strong