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World History - Weapons of war


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World History - Weapons of war

  1. 1. A NEW KIND OF WAR WWI Continues
  2. 2. The Great war  Largest conflict in history up till this point  French had 8.5 million men  British had 9 million men  Russians had 12 million men  Germans had 11 million
  3. 3. “One out of every four men who went to war did not come back again, and of those who came back many were maimed and blind and some had gone insane.”
  4. 4. Stalemate on the western front  Schlieffen Plan Fails  Belgium resisted more than the Germans had expected  Germanys plan for a quick defeat of France failed  Russia mobilized more quickly than expected so Germany had to send some troops to the west making the east weak  Britain and France push Germany back making a victory on the West hard
  5. 5. Technology of modern warfare  The enormous casualties suffered on the Western Front proved the destruction power of modern warfare  New Weapons  rapid fire machine gun  shrapnel from guns wounded soldiers more than the guns  long range artillery gun  allowed troops to kill others more than 10 miles away
  6. 6. Technology of modern warfare  Poison Gas  uncertain weapon because shifting winds could blow the gas back on the soldiers  Aircraft, Tanks and Submarines  1916 Britain introduced the first tank  First planes were used to observe enemy troop movements  1915 Germany used zeppelins – large gas filled balloons to bomb the English coast
  7. 7. Technology of modern warfare  Aircraft, Tanks and Submarines  Later both sides equipped planes with machine guns  Submarines  German U-boats did tremendous damage to the Allies
  8. 8. Check for Understanding What made World War I much more deadly than previous wars?
  9. 9. video  Weapons used in WWI
  10. 10. Trench warfare  To protect themselves from gunfire each side dug a series of trenches that extended for over 475 miles from Switzerland to the North Sea  Between battles soldiers would live in the trenches  Water collected in them turning the soil into mud  “Trenches were waist deep in mud and ice water
  11. 11. Trench Warfare
  12. 12. Trench Warfare  Wet conditions encouraged diseases such as trench foot which rotted away the foot’s skin and usually led to amputation  Rats invaded the trenches at night and feasted on the dead bodies in the day  The bottom of the trench was springy like a mattress because of all the bodies underneath  At night when the stench was worse we tied material around our mouths and noses
  13. 13. Trench warfare
  14. 14. video  Trench Life in WWI
  15. 15. WEAPONS OF WAR Total War and Propaganda Techniques
  16. 16. Today We Have…  What Is Total War  What Is Propaganda  At the end you will answer:  Is the Use of Propaganda Justified During Wartime?
  17. 17. WWI = Total War  By 1917 European societies were falling apart under the strain of war and it seemed to be dragging on with no end in sight  But the departure of one country and the entry of another would soon change the way things were going…
  18. 18. WWI = Total War  Total War  Waging a modern, mechanized war meant channeling all of the nations resources into the war  Governments took stronger roles in directing the economic and cultural lives of people
  19. 19. WWI = Total War  Economies Committed to War Production  Systems set up to recruit, arm, transport and supply armies in the millions  Implemented conscription (the draft)  Raised taxes and borrowed huge amounts of money to pay the cost of war
  20. 20. WWI – Total War  Women Join In  As men left to fight women took over their jobs  Worked in war industries, manufacturing weapons and supplies, became nurses  War work gave women a new sense of pride and confidence and challenged the idea that women could not handle the jobs men did  Women support in the war effort gained them their right to vote in 1920
  21. 21. WWI = Total War  Total war also meant the use of propaganda  Spreading of ideas to promote a cause or damage the opposing side  Controlling public opinion  Press was censored to keep casualty figures and other discouraging news away from the public
  22. 22. Objectives of Wartime Propaganda  Recruitment of Soldiers (draft/volunteer)  Financing the War Effort  Eliminating dissent and Unifying the Country  Conservation of Resources (food, oil, steel)  Participation in home front organizations to support the war effort
  23. 23. Wartime Propaganda • Demonization – Portraying the enemy as purely evil, menacing, murderous, and aggressive. – Propagandist attempts to remove all confusion and ambiguity about whom the public should hate – Enemy may be portrayed as a hairy beast or the devil himself – More powerful when enemy can be blamed for atrocities against women, children or other innocents
  24. 24. Wartime Propaganda • Name Calling – Labels that encourage hatred of the enemy that reinforce negative stereotypes and help demonize the enemy – Commies, Japs, Huns
  25. 25. Wartime Propaganda • Emotional Appeals – Playing on people’s emotions to promote the war effort. Strongest emotion is usually fear so propagandists use that. • Patriotic Appeals – Using patriotic language or symbols to appeal to people’s national pride • Half Truths or Lies – Deception or twisting the truth, propagandist may attempt to include some element of the truth to make the argument more persuasive
  26. 26. Wartime Propaganda • Catchy Slogans – Using memorable phrases to foster support for war. • Evocative Visual Symbols – Using symbols that appeal to people’s emotions – Flags, statues, mothers and children, enemy uniforms • Humor or Caricatures – Capturing viewers attention through the use of humor to promote the war effort – Enemy is at the center of the joke
  27. 27. Looking at Propaganda  Gallery Walk   With your group you will go around the room looking at the various propaganda posters  Record the information in your charts  You will be at each poster for about 10 minutes  Be prepared to share your
  28. 28. Let’s Do One Together Emotional Appeal Visual Symbols Catchy Slogan Patriotic Humor