Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The enlightenment part two


Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The enlightenment part two

  1. 1. The Enlightenment
  2. 2. The Encyclopédie  Major achievement of the philosophes  Begun in 1745; completed in 1765 Frontspiece to the Encyclopédie
  3. 3. The Encyclopédie (continued)  Denis Diderot and Jean Le Rond d’Alembert decided it should be all the work on the science arts and crafts  Banned by the Catholic Church Encyclopédie editor Denis Diderot
  4. 4. Deism  Deists believed in God but rejected organized religion  Morality could be achieved by following reason rather than the teachings of the church Lord Edward Herbert of Cherbury, founder of deism
  5. 5. Women and the Enlightenment Changing views of women’s role in society Role of education was crucial for moral development Equality for women movement begins Mary Wollstonecraft Olympe de Gouges
  6. 6. Notebook Activity Complete the, “Women and the Enlightenment” reading and answer the questions that follow
  7. 7. Mary Wollstonecraft  Declaration of the Rights of Man  Document based on Enlightenment ideas about political rights  A Vindication of the Rights of Women  Talked about inequality between the sexes
  8. 8. Wollstonecraft (continued)  Education  Women’s rights movement Title page of Wollstonecraft’s Thoughts on the Education of Daughters
  9. 9. Olympe De Gouges  Criticized the French Revolution  The Rights of Women  “Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen”  Executed in 1793
  10. 10. Enlightenment Thinkers
  11. 11. “Enlightened Monarchs”  Most of Europe ruled by absolute monarchs  Receptive to Enlightenment ideas  Instituted new laws and practices Enlightened Monarchs • Frederick II, Prussia • Catherine the Great, Russia • Maria Theresa, Austria • Joseph II, Holy Roman Empire • Gustav III, Sweden • Napoleon I, France
  12. 12. Frederick the Great (ruled 1740–1786) • Prussian ruler • Had a strong interest in Enlightenment works • Invited Voltaire to come to Prussia
  13. 13. Frederick the Great (continued) • Wanted to make Prussia a modern state • Reforms • Religious freedom • Education • Outlawed torture Painting titled “Frederick the Great and Voltaire.”
  14. 14. Catherine the Great (ruled 1762–1796)  Russian ruler  Well-versed in Enlightenment works  “Westernizing” Russia  Had foreign capitalists invest in Russia  Modernized industry and agriculture
  15. 15. Catherine the Great (continued)  Domestic reforms  Education  No more torture  Peasant revolt  She recognized local governments so that they could better control the serfs  Freed them from taxation  Took church land and gave it to the nobles
  16. 16. Maria Theresa (ruled 1740–1780)  Austrian ruler  Government reforms  The serfs  Reduced the power the nobles had over them  Son—Joseph II was a better enlightened monarch
  17. 17. Joseph II (ruled 1765–1790)  Ruled as coregent with his mother until 1780  Joseph’s reforms • Religious toleration of Protestants and Jews • Control over the Catholic Church • Abolition of serfdom • Peasants now paid in cash for their labor
  18. 18. Gustav III (ruled 1771–1792)  Swedish ruler  Read French Enlightenment works  Reforms  Freedom of the press  Religious freedom  Encouraged free trade  Absolutism  Increased his own power after too many battles with Parliament
  19. 19. Napoleon I  French ruler  Ended the French Revolution by taking power  Military career  Rise to power  Instituted many reforms but can not really be considered an Enlightened monarch
  20. 20. Napoleon I (continued) • Reforms • Education • Jobs • Open to all • Law • Civil Code of 1804 which guaranteed equality for all male citizens • Limits of freedom of speech and press
  21. 21. The Legacy of the Enlightenment  Government  Society  Education The signing of the U.S. Constitution