English Grammar

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*UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR
*FACULTAD DE FILOSOFIA
*ESCUELA DE IDIOMAS
*CRISTIAN LEON NOROÑA
*QUINTO SEMESTRE (BILINGUE)

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English Grammar

  1. 1. Englishgrammar<br />Developedby: Cristian León N<br />5thSemesterEnglish<br />FACULTAD DE FILOSOFIA, LETRAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACION<br />
  2. 2. PRESENT SIMPLE<br />WE USE THE PRESENT SIMPLE FOR:<br /><ul><li>FACTS & PERMANENT STATES – Marialives in Latacunga.
  3. 3. GENERAL TRUTHS & LAWS OF NATURES – Leavesfall in autumn.
  4. 4. HABITS & ROUTINES (WIT H USUALLY, ALWAYS, ETC) – Shevisitshermothereverymounth. </li></li></ul><li>PRESENT CONTINUOUS<br />WE USE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS (TO BE + VERB –ING)<br /><ul><li>FOR ACTIONS TAKING AT OR AROUND THE MOMENT OF SPEAKING-Patricioiswatchinga movie.
  5. 5. FOR TEMPORARY SITUATIONS – Weare travelling around Guayaquil.
  6. 6. FOR DURRENTLY CHANGING & DEVELOPING SITUATIONS – Theearthisgettingwarmer and warmer.</li></li></ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT<br />WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT (HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE)<br /><ul><li>AN ACTION THAT HAPPENED AT AN UNSTATED TIME IN THE PAST. THE EMPHASIS IS ON THE ACTION – Pedro has writtenfivebooks.
  7. 7. AN ACTION WHICH STARTED IN THE PAST & CONTINUES UP TO THE PRESENT – I havehadthis car forfiveyears.
  8. 8. A RECENTLY COMPLETED ACTION- I havewashedthedishes.</li></li></ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS<br />WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS (HAVE +BEEN+VERB-ING)<br /><ul><li> TO PUT EMPHASIS ON THE DURATION OF AN ACTION WHICH STARTED IN THE PAST & CONTINUES UP TO THE PRESENT - I havebeenstudingallafternoon.
  9. 9. TO EXPRESS ANGER OR ANNOYANCE – Shehas beenusingmy bookwithout my permission.
  10. 10. FOR REPEATED ACTIONS IN THE PAST CONTINUING TO THE PRESENT- Shelooks tiredbecauseshe has beenworkingeveryday.</li></li></ul><li>FUTURE SIMPLE<br />WE USE THE FUTURE SIMPLE (WILL+BAREINFINITIVE)<br /><ul><li>DECISIONS MADE AT THE MOMENT OF SPEAKING- I’mtired. I willgotobed.
  11. 11. PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE FUTURE, BASED ON WHAT WE THINK – I’msurehe willcallsoon.
  12. 12. PROMISES, WARNINGS, REQUESTS, HOPES & OFFERS-Willyouhelpme tidytheroom.</li></li></ul><li>FUTURE CONTINUOUS<br />WE USE THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS (WILL BE+ VERB-ING)<br /><ul><li>FOR ACTIONS WHICH WILL BE IN THE PROGRESS AT A STATED FUTURE TIME- IwillbeexploringtheCuyabeno.
  13. 13. FOR ACTIONS WHICH WILL DEFINITELY HAPPEN IN THE FUTURE AS THE RESULT OF A ROUTINE – I willbe travelling with my companynextweek.
  14. 14. WHEN WE ASK ABOUT SOMEONE’S PLANS FOR THE NEAR FUTURE – Willyoubefinishingyourphonecallsoon?</li></li></ul><li>FUTURE PERFECT<br />WE USE THE PRESENT SIMPLE FOR(WILL HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLE)<br /><ul><li>FOR ACTIONS THAT WILL HAVE FINISHED BEFORE A CERTAIN TIME IN THE FUTURE- I willhavegraduatedbytheend of thisyear. </li></li></ul><li>FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS<br />WE USE THE FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS (WILL HAVE BEEN+VERB-ING)<br /><ul><li>TO EMPHASIS THE DURATION OF AN ACTION UP TO A STATED TIME INTHE FUTURE.
  15. 15. THE FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS IS USED WITH: BY…FOR - I willhavebeenplayingprofessional soccer forthreeyears.</li></li></ul><li>PAST SIMPLE<br />WE USE THE PAST SIMPLE:<br /><ul><li>FOR AN ACTION THAT OCCURRED AT A DEFINITE TIME (STATED OR IMPLIED) INTHE PAST- He finishedhishomework at11 o’ clock.
  16. 16. FOR ACTIONS THAT HAPPENED IMMEDIATELY AFTER ONE ANOTHER IN THE PAST- Shewoke up and openedthewindow.</li></li></ul><li>PAST CONTINUOUS<br />WE USE THE PAST CONTINUOUS:<br /><ul><li>FOR AN ACTION WHICH WAS IN PROGRESES WHEN ANOTHER ACTION INTERRUPTED IT- I waswatchingTV whenthedoorbellrang.
  17. 17. FOR TWO OR MORE SIMULTANEOUS ACTIONS IN THE PAST – I wastidyingmy roomwhile my sisterwascookingthe lunch.</li></li></ul><li>PAST PERFECT<br />WE USE THE PAST PERFECT (HAD+PAST PARTICIPLE)<br /><ul><li>FOR AN ACTION WHICH FINISHED BEFORE ANOTHER PAST ACTION OR BEFORE A STETED TIME IN THE PAST – Clara hadeatenher lunch by 2 o’ clock.
  18. 18. FOR AN ACTION WHICH FINISHED IN THE PAST AND WHOSE RESULT WAS VISIBLE AT OR LATER POINT IN THE PAST – He wasbrokenhisleg and a weeklateritwasstillhurting.</li></li></ul><li>PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS<br />WE USE THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (HAD+BEEN+VERB-ING)<br /><ul><li>TO PUT EMPHASIS ON THE DURATION OF AN ACTION WHICH STARTED AND FINISHED IN THE PAST, BEFORE ANOTHER ACTION OR STATED TIME IN THE PAST- I hadbeenwatchingTV foranhourwhen I remembered I hadtocall my friend.
  19. 19. FOR AN ACTION WHICH LASTED FOR SOME TIME IN THE PAST AND WHOSE RESULT WAS VISIBLE IN THE PAST – Shehadbeenpaintingherroom and herclotheswerecovered in paint.</li>

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