Objectives of this training:
• Outline the 2012 changes to the OSHA Hazard
• Review components of labels
• Review components of SDS (formerly MSDS)
• Train employees and contractors in the new
Hazcom standards prior to December 1, 2013
Key Dates from Hazcom 2012
December 1, 2013 – Conduct initial training on new labeling system
elements and SDS format.
June 1, 2015 - Comply with all remaining provisions of HCS. Including
chemical hazard classification, use of new GHS labels and SDS updates.
Expect to see the new SDS sheets and labels used by this date.
December 1, 2015 – Chemical distributors may ship products labeled
under the old system until this date.
June 1, 2016 – Update workplace labeling and hazard communication
program, provide additional employee training for newly identified
physical or health hazards.
Align the HCS standard to the Globally Harmonized System
GHS is established by the United Nations
GHS is being implemented globally following various time
tables by countries such as Canada, the European Union,
Japan, China and Australia
What is GHS?
A common and coherent approach
Defines and classifies hazards
Communicates information on labels and safety data sheets
Why is GHS Needed?
Variation from country to country and state to state
Adoptions of requirements provides;
Better Employee Protection
Better Trade for Companies
Chemical hazard classification
Manner in manufacturers/importers evaluate chemicals is changing
Chemicals must be reclassified following ten health, sixteen physical
hazard and three OSHA specific hazard classifications
Transform to a standardized global template following GHS
Labels will include expanded information and be consistent
Safety Data Sheets
MSDS will transfer to a harmonized SDS format containing 16 sections
Consistent information no matter the source
Information and training
Changes in the HCS, new labeling system and SDS
Update on hazards of chemicals they use based on the reclassification
• Using a “specification” approach rather than a
» “Hazard classification” rather than “hazard determination”
• Labels are more defined and will now require:
» Product identifier
» Signal word
» Hazard statement(s)
» Precautionary statement(s)
» Name, address, and telephone number
Notable changes, cont.
• “Safety data sheet” (rather than “material safety data sheet”)
uses a 16-section format.
• Guidance in the GHS (such as decision logics in criteria) has
been removed to streamline provisions.
» May be provided as a separate document to assist compliance
GHS compliant labels required to have
the following information:
Product Identifier –How the hazardous material is identified. This can
be (but is not limited to) the chemical name, code number or batch
number. The manufacturer, importer or distributor can decide the
appropriate product identifier. The same product identifier must be
both on the label and in Section 1 of the SDS (Identification).
Example of a Product Identifier:
DIESEL FUEL, UN1202
Pictograms – Pictures depicting hazards. OSHA’s required
pictograms must be in the shape of a square set at a point and
include a black hazard symbol on a white background with a red
frame sufficiently wide enough to be clearly visible. A square red
frame set at a point without a hazard symbol is not a pictogram
and is not permitted on the label. OSHA has designated eight
pictograms under this standard for application to a hazard
Signal Word – Used to indicate the relative level of
severity of the hazard and alert the reader to a
potential hazard on the label. There are only two
signal words, “Danger” and “Warning”. Within a
specific hazard class, “Danger” is used for the more
severe hazards and “Warning” is used for the less
severe hazards. There will only be one signal word on
the label no matter how many hazards a chemical
may have. If one of the hazards warrants a “Danger”
signal word and another warrants the signal word
“Warning,” then only “Danger” should appear on the
"Danger" for the more severe
"Warning" for the less severe
Hazard Statement - Hazard statements are standardized and assigned
phrases that describe the nature of the hazard(s) of a
chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard. All of
the applicable hazard statements must appear on the label. Hazard
statements may be combined where appropriate to reduce
redundancies and improve readability. The hazard statements are
specific to the hazard classification categories, and chemical users
should always see the same statement for the same hazards, no
matter what the chemical is or who produces it.
Precautionary Statements -Precautionary information supplements the
hazard information by briefly providing measures to be taken to
minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from physical, health or
environmental hazards. First aid is included in precautionary
information. The intent is to harmonize precautionary statements in
“Do not breathe vapors or spray. Get medical attention if you feel
unwell. Dispose of contents in accordance with local regulations.”
Supplier Information - The name, address and telephone
number of the chemical
manufacturer, distributor, importer or supplier of the
Example of Supplier Information:
HazCom OSHA Chemical Corporation
3050 Johnson & Johnson Ave.
Canhurtyou, OH 43614
New Label Requirements
Current OSHA Standard
Updated OSHA GHS Standard
Safety Data Sheets
• SDS will replace the current MSDS
• Flexibility of format removed, providing consistency
• The SDS can have up to 16 sections in the specified order
• Sections 1 – 11 and 16 are mandatory under the
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard.
• Sections 12 – 15 may be included, but are not
• The Hazard Communication standard specifies the
minimum information in each section of the SDS.
• SDS must be in English (copies in other languages are
• SDS may be paper or electronic
• Immediate access
Safety data sheets (SDS) sections
1. Identification – Product Identifier, Emergency Number
2. Hazard Identification – Class/Category, Signal Word, Labeling
3. Composition/Information on Ingredients – Chemical Name, Common
Name, Ingredients %, etc.
4. First-Aid Measures – Necessary Measures, Symptoms/Effects
5. Fire-Fighting Measures – Suitable and Unsuitable Means to Extinguish,
Hazards from Hazards
6. Accidental Release Measures – Precautions, PPE, Emergency Procedures
7. Handling and Storage – Precautions, Special Handling,
Storage Requirement including incompatibilities
8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection – Control Parameters
(Exposure Limits/Biological Limits), Engineering Controls, PPE
Safety data sheets (SDS) sections
9. Physical and Chemical Properties – Appearance, Odor, ph, Flash
Point, LEL/UEL, Vapor Pressure/Density, Melting Point
10. Stability and Reactivity – Possible Hazardous Reactions,
Conditions to Avoid (Shock/Vibration), Incompatible Materials
11. Toxicological Information – Routes of Exposure, Symptoms,
12. Ecological Information * - Mobility in Soil
13. Disposal Considerations * - Methods of Disposal/Including
14. Transport Information *
15. Regulatory Information *
16. Other Information
* Not enforced by OSHA
Example of a Safety Data Sheet
for “Drano Max Professional
Strength Gel Clog Remover” by
Johnson & Johnson. This is a
product you may have used in
your home. The SDS Sheet is
on the following 13 slides.
Why do I have to receive this training if I am
a driver or office employee of the Premium
The company is required by OSHA to provide this training to
you, and to protect you from materials that could pose a danger to
you. Potentially dangerous materials are present in our work
environment. It is our mission to protect our employees and
contractors from potential dangers by providing a safe work
When does the company need to have
the new Hazcom training completed?
By December 1, 2013 OSHA mandates that companies
provide training to workers on the new Hazcom standards.
I drive my own truck and am leased onto the company, why do I have to
participate in this training?
The answer – because the government says our company must provide
you with Hazcom training because you perform work for us, whether you
are an employee or independent contractor.
The work you perform can put you in close proximity with chemicals that
can expose you to a potential hazard. Being in close proximity with
chemicals or other hazardous materials is especially possible at
customers – both shippers and consignees. It is very important that you
become familiar with the new GHS standards, in particular to be able to
read and understand the new labels and Safety Data Sheets. You need
to be able to read these to understand and correctly respond to the
potential dangers. Be sure to become familiar with the location of SDS
records and emergency first aid stations at customer facilities.
I’m an office employee of the Premium Group. How am I exposed to any
potentially dangerous substances when I am at work?
The answer – there are materials or substances within our office
environment that can expose you to potential dangers. Examples of
substances are the same or similar to substances that you keep in your
home. Examples of which may be copier toner , window cleaner
(Windex), and other cleaning materials. Learning how to read labels and
Safety Data Sheets at work can also help you at home.
The book containing the Safety Data Sheets for all substances
contained within our office that me expose you to potential
danger is located in Suite 210 next to the sink and counter area.
• Written Program
• List of all hazardous Chemicals
• Addresses non-routine tasks
• Discuss other contractor responsibilities
• Available upon request to any employee or contractor
If You See Something,
As you look through your work environment or your home, if things aren’t labeled
or identified, don’t guess about the contents. Follow through and verify what you
have. Never assume you know what you don’t know. Follow the guidelines of the
new GHS. Feel free to ask for assistance with the new Hazcom standard.