Hazcom Training - OSHA 2013 requirement


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Hazcom Training - OSHA 2013 requirement

  1. 1. HazCom 2012 Changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard © John M. Mueller/Premium Transportation Logistics LLC/The Premium Group -2013
  2. 2. Objectives of this training: • Outline the 2012 changes to the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard • Review components of labels • Review components of SDS (formerly MSDS) • Train employees and contractors in the new Hazcom standards prior to December 1, 2013
  3. 3. Key Dates from Hazcom 2012 December 1, 2013 – Conduct initial training on new labeling system elements and SDS format. June 1, 2015 - Comply with all remaining provisions of HCS. Including chemical hazard classification, use of new GHS labels and SDS updates. Expect to see the new SDS sheets and labels used by this date. December 1, 2015 – Chemical distributors may ship products labeled under the old system until this date. June 1, 2016 – Update workplace labeling and hazard communication program, provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.
  4. 4. HazCom 2012 Align the HCS standard to the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) GHS is established by the United Nations GHS is being implemented globally following various time tables by countries such as Canada, the European Union, Japan, China and Australia What is GHS? A common and coherent approach Defines and classifies hazards Communicates information on labels and safety data sheets Why is GHS Needed? Variation from country to country and state to state Adoptions of requirements provides; Better Employee Protection Better Trade for Companies
  5. 5. Major Changes Chemical hazard classification Manner in manufacturers/importers evaluate chemicals is changing Chemicals must be reclassified following ten health, sixteen physical hazard and three OSHA specific hazard classifications Labels Transform to a standardized global template following GHS Labels will include expanded information and be consistent Safety Data Sheets MSDS will transfer to a harmonized SDS format containing 16 sections Consistent information no matter the source Information and training Changes in the HCS, new labeling system and SDS Update on hazards of chemicals they use based on the reclassification
  6. 6. Chemical Classifications Health hazards (10) Acute Toxicity , Skin Corrosion/Irritation, Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation, Respiratory or Skin Sensitization, Germ Cell Mutagenicity, Carcinogenicity, Reproductive Toxicology, Target Organ Systemic Toxicity, Aspiration Toxicity Physical hazards (16) Explosives ,Flammable Gases , Flammable Aerosols ,Oxidizing Gases , Gases Under Pressure , Flammable Liquids/Solids, Self-Reactive Substances , Pyrophoric Liquids/Solids ,Self-Heating Substances , Oxidizing Liquids/Solids ,Organic Peroxides , Corrosive to Metals OSHA defined hazards (3) Pyrophoric gases Simple asphyxiates Combustible dusts
  7. 7. Notable changes • Using a “specification” approach rather than a “performance-oriented” approach » “Hazard classification” rather than “hazard determination” • Labels are more defined and will now require: » Product identifier » Pictogram » Signal word » Hazard statement(s) » Precautionary statement(s) » Name, address, and telephone number
  8. 8. Notable changes, cont. • “Safety data sheet” (rather than “material safety data sheet”) uses a 16-section format. • Guidance in the GHS (such as decision logics in criteria) has been removed to streamline provisions. » May be provided as a separate document to assist compliance later.
  9. 9. Labels GHS compliant labels required to have the following information: Product Identifier –How the hazardous material is identified. This can be (but is not limited to) the chemical name, code number or batch number. The manufacturer, importer or distributor can decide the appropriate product identifier. The same product identifier must be both on the label and in Section 1 of the SDS (Identification).
  10. 10. Example of a Product Identifier: DIESEL FUEL, UN1202
  11. 11. Pictograms – Pictures depicting hazards. OSHA’s required pictograms must be in the shape of a square set at a point and include a black hazard symbol on a white background with a red frame sufficiently wide enough to be clearly visible. A square red frame set at a point without a hazard symbol is not a pictogram and is not permitted on the label. OSHA has designated eight pictograms under this standard for application to a hazard category.
  12. 12. Pictograms – “zoom view” pg 1
  13. 13. Pictograms – “zoom view” pg 2
  14. 14. Pictograms – “zoom view” pg3
  15. 15. Signal Word – Used to indicate the relative level of severity of the hazard and alert the reader to a potential hazard on the label. There are only two signal words, “Danger” and “Warning”. Within a specific hazard class, “Danger” is used for the more severe hazards and “Warning” is used for the less severe hazards. There will only be one signal word on the label no matter how many hazards a chemical may have. If one of the hazards warrants a “Danger” signal word and another warrants the signal word “Warning,” then only “Danger” should appear on the label.
  16. 16. Signal Words "Danger" for the more severe hazards, and "Warning" for the less severe hazards.
  17. 17. Hazard Statement - Hazard statements are standardized and assigned phrases that describe the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard. All of the applicable hazard statements must appear on the label. Hazard statements may be combined where appropriate to reduce redundancies and improve readability. The hazard statements are specific to the hazard classification categories, and chemical users should always see the same statement for the same hazards, no matter what the chemical is or who produces it.
  18. 18. Hazard Statement Examples: Example: Flammable liquids Category 1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Category 2: Highly flammable liquid and vapour Category 3: Flammable liquid and vapour Category 4: Combustible liquid
  19. 19. Precautionary Statements -Precautionary information supplements the hazard information by briefly providing measures to be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from physical, health or environmental hazards. First aid is included in precautionary information. The intent is to harmonize precautionary statements in the future. Example: “Do not breathe vapors or spray. Get medical attention if you feel unwell. Dispose of contents in accordance with local regulations.”
  20. 20. Supplier Information - The name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, distributor, importer or supplier of the product.
  21. 21. Example of Supplier Information: HazCom OSHA Chemical Corporation 3050 Johnson & Johnson Ave. Canhurtyou, OH 43614 Tel (800)661-3166
  22. 22. Sample GHS Label
  23. 23. New Label Requirements Workplace Label Current OSHA Standard Material identity Hazard warnings Supplier information GHS Label Updated OSHA GHS Standard Product identifier Signal word Hazard statements Precautionary statements Pictograms Supplier information Supplemental information
  24. 24. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • SDS will replace the current MSDS • Flexibility of format removed, providing consistency • The SDS can have up to 16 sections in the specified order • Sections 1 – 11 and 16 are mandatory under the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. • Sections 12 – 15 may be included, but are not mandatory. • The Hazard Communication standard specifies the minimum information in each section of the SDS. • SDS must be in English (copies in other languages are allowed). • SDS may be paper or electronic • Immediate access
  25. 25. Safety data sheets (SDS) sections 1. Identification – Product Identifier, Emergency Number 2. Hazard Identification – Class/Category, Signal Word, Labeling 3. Composition/Information on Ingredients – Chemical Name, Common Name, Ingredients %, etc. 4. First-Aid Measures – Necessary Measures, Symptoms/Effects 5. Fire-Fighting Measures – Suitable and Unsuitable Means to Extinguish, Hazards from Hazards 6. Accidental Release Measures – Precautions, PPE, Emergency Procedures 7. Handling and Storage – Precautions, Special Handling, Storage Requirement including incompatibilities 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection – Control Parameters (Exposure Limits/Biological Limits), Engineering Controls, PPE
  26. 26. Safety data sheets (SDS) sections 9. Physical and Chemical Properties – Appearance, Odor, ph, Flash Point, LEL/UEL, Vapor Pressure/Density, Melting Point 10. Stability and Reactivity – Possible Hazardous Reactions, Conditions to Avoid (Shock/Vibration), Incompatible Materials 11. Toxicological Information – Routes of Exposure, Symptoms, Acute/Chronic 12. Ecological Information * - Mobility in Soil 13. Disposal Considerations * - Methods of Disposal/Including Packaging 14. Transport Information * 15. Regulatory Information * 16. Other Information * Not enforced by OSHA
  27. 27. Example of a Safety Data Sheet for “Drano Max Professional Strength Gel Clog Remover” by Johnson & Johnson. This is a product you may have used in your home. The SDS Sheet is on the following 13 slides.
  28. 28. Why do I have to receive this training if I am a driver or office employee of the Premium Group? The company is required by OSHA to provide this training to you, and to protect you from materials that could pose a danger to you. Potentially dangerous materials are present in our work environment. It is our mission to protect our employees and contractors from potential dangers by providing a safe work environment.
  29. 29. When does the company need to have the new Hazcom training completed? By December 1, 2013 OSHA mandates that companies provide training to workers on the new Hazcom standards.
  30. 30. I drive my own truck and am leased onto the company, why do I have to participate in this training? The answer – because the government says our company must provide you with Hazcom training because you perform work for us, whether you are an employee or independent contractor. The work you perform can put you in close proximity with chemicals that can expose you to a potential hazard. Being in close proximity with chemicals or other hazardous materials is especially possible at customers – both shippers and consignees. It is very important that you become familiar with the new GHS standards, in particular to be able to read and understand the new labels and Safety Data Sheets. You need to be able to read these to understand and correctly respond to the potential dangers. Be sure to become familiar with the location of SDS records and emergency first aid stations at customer facilities.
  31. 31. I’m an office employee of the Premium Group. How am I exposed to any potentially dangerous substances when I am at work? The answer – there are materials or substances within our office environment that can expose you to potential dangers. Examples of substances are the same or similar to substances that you keep in your home. Examples of which may be copier toner , window cleaner (Windex), and other cleaning materials. Learning how to read labels and Safety Data Sheets at work can also help you at home.
  32. 32. The book containing the Safety Data Sheets for all substances contained within our office that me expose you to potential danger is located in Suite 210 next to the sink and counter area.
  33. 33. Program Requirements • Written Program • List of all hazardous Chemicals • Addresses non-routine tasks • Discuss other contractor responsibilities • Available upon request to any employee or contractor
  34. 34. HAZCOM… If You See Something, Say Something! As you look through your work environment or your home, if things aren’t labeled or identified, don’t guess about the contents. Follow through and verify what you have. Never assume you know what you don’t know. Follow the guidelines of the new GHS. Feel free to ask for assistance with the new Hazcom standard.